• Title, Summary, Keyword: tteokgalbi

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The Actual Condition Investigation and Improvement Plan on Plating Tteokgalbi of the Dam-Yang (담양 떡갈비 담음새 실태조사 및 개선 방안)

  • Kim, Su-In;Park, Yeon-Jin
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.323-333
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    • 2012
  • This study aimed at helping to raise the reputation of Tteokgalbi for tourists visiting Damyang by studying the plating of Tteokgalbi. For 15 representative restaurants selling Tteokgalbi, we investigated the balance, blank, and proportions through studying the shape, material, and size of the dishes, and the number, shape, and garnish of one serving size of Teokgalbi. The results of our study suggested that round dishes (7 restaurants) and elliptical dishes (6 restaurants) similar to the shape of Teokgalbi are mainly used. For 13 out of 15 restaurants, the dishes were mainly casting pans in order to serve Tteokgalbi warm. The diameters of round dishes were 230 mm (3 restaurants), 265 mm (2 restaurants), and 300 mm (2 restaurants), and the elliptical dishes mostly had widths of 150 mm and lengths of 240 mm. The color of the dishes was N2-N3, similar to black, and N1, black of pale colors, because the dishes were mainly casting pans. The number of Teokgalbi per serving size was 3 in 12 restaurants. whole sesame was used most (7 restaurants) as a garnish. The results suggested that the color of the dishes and garnish could not imbue much distinction in the color of Tteokgalbi. In other words, Tteokgalbi is now served without consideration of the color, shape, size, or material of Tteokgalbi. The size of Tteokgalbi should be decided with consideration for the size of the dish and the amount of one serving size, and it is necessary to keep studying the process of making and garnish of Tteokgalbi.

Effects of Various Kinds of Salt on the Quality and Storage Characteristics of Tteokgalbi

  • Lee, Hyun-Joo;Lee, Jae-Joon
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.604-613
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    • 2014
  • This study was carried out to evaluate the effects of various kinds of salt on the quality and storage characteristics of tteokgalbi. The tteokgalbi was prepared using four types of salt: 1.5% purified salt (control, C), 1.5% five-year-old solar salt (FS), 1.5% Topan solar salt (TS), and 1.5% French Gu$\acute{e}$rande solar salt (GS). The moisture, crude lipid, crude ash, crude protein and calorie contents, water holding capacity, and cooking loss were not significantly different between control and all other treatments. As for the textural characteristics, the use of GS increased the hardness of the tteokgalbi. According to the sensory evaluation, the use of TS had the best score in springiness. Tteokgalbi made with TS and GS had the two highest scores in flavor and total acceptability. During 15 d of storage, the contents of 2-thiobarbituric acid (TBA) value, volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) and the total microbial counts increased, while the pH decreased. The TBA values of the tteokgalbi containing TS and GS were lower than that of C. Lightness (L) and yellowness (b) values decreased during storage, but redness (a) displayed no significant difference during storage. Overall, the best results, in terms of TBA value and sensory attributes, were obtained for the tteokgalbi containing TS and GS.

Effects of Rice Bran Fiber on Quality of Low-fat Tteokgalbi

  • Choi, Yun-Sang;Choi, Ji-Hun;Han, Doo-Jeong;Kim, Hack-Youn;Lee, Mi-Ai;Lee, Eui-Soo;Jeong, Jong-Youn;Paik, Hyun-Dong;Kim, Cheon-Jei
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.959-964
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    • 2008
  • This study evaluated the effects of dietary fiber extracted from rice bran (rice bran fiber) on the quality of low-fat tteokgalbi. The controls were formulated with 20% added fat. Test samples of tteokgalbi were produced with 5 different formulations containing 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5% rice bran fiber as a fat replacer, in addition to 10% fat. The control had the highest fat content, energy value, cooking loss, reduction in diameter, reduction in thickness, CIE $L^*$-value (lighness), and color of sensory properties. The tteokgalbi containing rice bran fiber had higher moisture, protein, ash, and carbohydrate contents than the controls. Tteokgalbi with 3% rice bran fiber had the lowest cooking loss, reduction in diameter, and reduction in thickness. Meat products containing 2 and 3% rice bran fiber had a higher overall acceptability similar to the high fat control.

Effects of Partial Substitution of Lean Meat with Pork Backfat or Canola Oil on Sensory Properties of Korean Traditional Meat Patties (Tteokgalbi)

  • Imm, Bue-Young;Kim, Chung Hwan;Imm, Jee-Young
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.496-499
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    • 2014
  • Korean traditional meat patties (Tteokgalbi) were prepared by replacing part of the lean meat content with either pork backfat or canola oil and the effect of substitution on sensory quality of the meat patties was investigated. Compared to the control patties, pork-loin Tteokgalbi with 10% pork backfat or 10% canola oil had significantly higher overall acceptability and higher perceived intensity of meat flavor, sweetness, umami, and oiliness. The pork-loin patties containing 10% fat also had lower perceived firmness, toughness, and chalkiness of than the control Tteokgalbi. The chicken breast Tteokgalbi with 10% canola oil had the lowest perceived firmness and chalkiness (control > pork backfat > canola oil). No significant difference was noted in the overall acceptability of chicken breast patties with 10% pork backfat and those with 10% canola oil. These results indicate that substituting 10% of lean meat of Tteokgalbi with fat improved the sensory acceptability of the product for Korean customers regardless of the lean meat and/or fat source used in the patties. Lean meat patties formulated with a limited amount of vegetable oil such as canola oil can be a healthy option for Korean consumers by providing desirable fatty acid profiles without sacrificing sensory quality of the product.

Physicochemical and Storage Characteristics of Hanwoo Tteokgalbi Treated with Onion Skin Powder and Blackcurrant Powder

  • Chung, Yoon-Kyung;Choi, Jung-Seok;Yu, Sung-Beom;Choi, Yang-Il
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.737-748
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    • 2018
  • We evaluated the physicochemical and storage characteristics of Hanwoo Tteokgalbi treated with onion skin powder (OSP) and blackcurrant fruit powder (BFP). The experimental design included seven treatments: a control (ascorbic acid 0.1%), T1: OSP 0.3%, T2: OSP 0.6%, T3: BFP 0.3%, T4: BFP 0.6%, T5: OSP 0.15%+BFP 0.15%, and T6: OSP 0.3%+BFP 0.3%. The OSP was higher in both polyphenol and flavonoid contents compared to BFP (p<0.05). The moisture and ash contents of all Tteokgalbi samples with a large amount of added natural antioxidant powder (0.6%) were higher than those with small amounts of added antioxidant (0.3%). The cooking loss and water holding capacity were outstanding in the T2 treatment compared to the others (p<0.05). The lightness, redness, and yellowness values were reduced on the addition of 0.6% antioxidant powder (p<0.05). The springiness and cohesiveness values of the Tteokgalbi samples were higher for the 0.3% addition than the control and 0.6% addition (p<0.05). The Tteokgalbi samples with natural antioxidants showed similar sensory attribute scores compared to the control. The pH values reduced as the BFP increased (p<0.05), and the total microbial count increased after OSP addition. The 2-thiobarbituric acid reactive substance values of the samples treated with OSP were significantly lower than the control after day 10 (p<0.05). As a result, the addition of OSP or BFP did not have a significant negative influence on the quality characteristics of Hanwoo Tteokgalbi. In particular, the addition of 0.6% OSP was effective in increasing water retentivity and inhibiting lipid oxidation.

Quality Characteristics of Tteokgalbi with Black Rice Bran and Organic Acid to Substitute Synthetic Caramel Colorant

  • Kim, Tae-Kyung;Hong, Seung-Hee;Ku, Su-Kyung;Kim, Young-Boong;Jeon, Ki-Hong;Choi, Hee-Don;Park, Jong-Dae;Park, Kwoan-Sik;Choi, Yun-Sang
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.552-560
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to evaluate the quality characteristics of Tteokgalbi with 1% (w/w) black rice bran only (T1), or with black rice bran and one of the following four types of organic acid: ascorbic acid (T2), citric acid (T3), tartaric acid (T4), or maleic acid (T5) as a substitute for caramel colorant. Tteokgalbi with only black rice bran showed the highest (p<0.05) values of moisture content and water holding capacity (WHC), while there were no significant differences in protein content, fat content, ash content, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS) values in treatments and controls (p>0.05). All the treated samples with any one of the four organic acids showed lower pH than controls (p<0.05). The lightness and redness of Tteokgalbi treated with any one of the four organic acids and black rice bran were higher than those of T1. The volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) values of T4 and T5 were higher than those of the other treatments (p<0.05). With regards to sensory characteristics, T1 and T2 showed overall acceptability similar to that of the controls (p>0.05). The results reported in this study show that Tteokgalbi with black rice bran and any one of the four organic acids listed above not only improved quality characteristics in cooking loss, WHC, lipid oxidation but also could successfully replace the synthetic caramel colorant. Overall, the most satisfactory results were obtained by adding black rice bran and ascorbic acid.

Development of Tteokgalbi Added with Pig Skin Gelatine Powder (돈피 젤라틴 분말을 첨가한 떡갈비 개발)

  • Jeong, Han-Gyul;Kim, Hack-Youn
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.8
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    • pp.1147-1152
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    • 2016
  • This study evaluated the effect of the addition of pig skin gelatine powder with different levels on the chemical compositions, cooking characteristics, and sensory properties of tteokgalbi. Tteokgalbi was produced from products containing 0% (control), 1%, 2%, 3%, and 4% pig skin gelatine powder. The protein and moisture contents of samples increased with an increase of pig skin gelatin powder levels. In addition, the pH value and CIE $b^*$ values of uncooked and cooked samples increased with increasing amount of pig skin gelatin powder. However, cooking loss, diameter reduction, and thickness reduction of samples decreased with an increase of gelatin powder contents. The hardness, gumminess, and chewiness of samples increased with an increase of gelatin powder contents, and sensory evaluation of tteokgalbi containing 2~3% pig skin gelatin powder was the highest. Therefore, usages of pig skin gelatin powder can improve quality characteristics of tteokgalbi.

Development of Tteokgalbi Added with Red Pepper Seed Powder (고추씨 분말을 첨가한 떡갈비 개발)

  • Kim, Hack-Youn;Kim, Gye-Woong;Jeong, Han-Gyul
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.255-260
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to investigate the effect of red pepper seed powder addition on the chemical compositions, cooking characteristics, and sensory properties of tteokgalbi. Tteokgalbi was prepared by addition of 0% (control), 1%, 2%, 3%, and 4% red pepper seed powder. The moisture and ash contents of samples increased with increased content of red pepper seed powder. In addition, the pH value, CIE $a^*$ value, and CIE $b^*$ value of uncooked and cooked samples increased with higher content of red pepper seed powder. However, cooking loss, diameter reduction, and thickness reduction of samples decreased with increasing content of red pepper seed powder. The hardness, gumminess, and chewiness of samples increased with higher content of red pepper seed powder, and the sensory evaluation of tteokgalbi containing 3% red pepper seed powder was the highest. Therefore, usages of red pepper seed powder can improve quality characteristics of tteokgalbi.

Application of Predictive Microbiology for Shelf-life Estimation of Tteokgalbi Containing Dietary Fiber from Rice Bran (예측미생물학을 활용한 미강 식이섬유 함유 떡갈비의 유통기한 설정)

  • Heo, Chan;Kim, Hyoun-Wook;Choi, Yun-Sang;Kim, Cheon-Jei;Paik, Hyun-Dong
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.232-239
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study is to estimate the shelf-life of Tteokgalbi containing dietary fiber extracted from rice bran by using the predictive microbiology. This Tteokgalbi was made with 0%, 1%, 2%, and 3% dietary fiber. The number of total viable cells, anaerobic, psychrotrophic, and heat-stable bacteria and coliforms was calculated during 15 days of storage under $4{\pm}1^{\circ}C$ and the obtained data was applied to Baranyi function. The evaluation of fitness between predicted and observed data showed that these were matched in a satisfactory way. Heat-stable bacteria was detected lower than <1 log CFU/g and coliforms were not detected during the storage. The changes of total viable cells and psychrotrophic bacteria in Tteokgalbi were increased gradually, but dramatically increased after 3 days of storage. The models of total viable cells and anaerobic bacteria showed very similar growth trends and values of growth parameters each other. The estimated shelf-life of each Tteokgalbi was calculated from the predictive model of total viable cells and the estimated shelf-life was 1.7, 2.3, 2.3, and 2.4 days, respectively. The results suggested that the prediction of bacteria growth could be used to evaluate the microbiological safety and determine the shelf-life of Tteokgalbi as ready-to-eat food in the local market.

Antioxidant Activity of Sansa (Crataegi fructus) and Its Application to the Pork Tteokgalbi (산사의 항산화 활성과 돈육 떡갈비로의 적용)

  • Lee, Jae-Joon;Lee, Jung-Sun;Choi, Yang-Il;Lee, Hyun-Joo
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.33 no.4
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    • pp.531-541
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to investigate the antioxidant effect of Sansa (Crataegi fructus) extract in vitro, and to evaluate the functional effects of Sansa powder addition on the quality properties and storage characteristics of Tteokgalbi. Total polyphenol and flavonoid contents of Sansa extract were found to be 127.00 mg/g and 54.05 mg/g, respectively. The DPPH radical scavenging activity of Sansa extract was high and it was similar to the BHA and BHT. The Tteokgalbi was prepared by 0% (N), 0.1% (S1), 1% (S2), and 2% (S3) of the Sansa Powder. Addition of Sansa powder decreased the protein and lipid contents, but the ash content was significantly increased (p<0.05). Increasing the amount of Sansa powder in the pork Tteokgalbi tended to increase the water holding capacity (WHC) values and the cooking loss (p<0.05). The addition of Sansa powder increased the hardness and chewiness values, but did not affect the cohesiveness and springiness values. In the sensory evaluation, the S3 Tteokgalbi had the best score in color. Values of pH, total microbial counts, thiobarbituric acid (TBA) and volatile basic nitrogen (VBN) values decreased significantly added Sansa powder relative to the normal (p<0.05). The S3 Tteokgalbi was significantly (p<0.05) more effective for delaying lipid peroxidation than the other groups. Sansa powder addition increased the L (lightness) and a (redness) values. Therefore, the results demonstrate that adding the Sansa powder to the pork Tteokgalbi tended to improve antioxidative and antimicrobial effects during the chilled storage period.