• Title, Summary, Keyword: tuned liquid column damper

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Bi-directional response control of a building using one TLD (1 개의 TLD 를 이용한 건물의 양방향 진동제어)

  • Min, Kyung-Won;Lee, Sung-Kyung;Park, Eun-Churn
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2009
  • This paper proposes a tuned liquid column sloshing damper(TLCSD) and presents experimental results to evaluate its control performance. The proposed damper acts as a tuned liquid column damper(TLCD) and a tuned liquid damper(TLD), respectively, in both principal axes of building structures. Shaking table test was performed to grasp its dynamic characteristics. Testing results showed that under inclined incident excitations, a TLCSD used in this study have dynamic characteristics coupled by both TLCD and TLD.

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Design Parameter of a New Type Bi-directional Damper Using a Tuned Liquid Column Damper and a Tuned Sloshing Damper (TLCD와 TSD를 이용한 새로운 형태의 양방향 감쇠기 설계변수)

  • Min, Kyung-Won
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.19 no.8
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    • pp.850-856
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    • 2009
  • A new type bi-directional damper using a tuned liquid column damper(TLCD) and a tuned sloshing damper(TSD) is introduced in this study. Two dampers are usually needed to reduce wind-induced responses of tall buildings since they are along and across wind ones. The proposed damper has the advantage of controlling both responses with one damper. One of objectives of this study is to derive analytical dynamics to investigate coupled effects due to TLCD and TSD. Another objective is to address the effect of coupled control force due to TLCD and TSD on the dynamic characteristic of the damper based on analytical dynamics. Shaking table test is undertaken to experimentally grasp dynamic characteristics of the damper under white noise excitation. Its dynamic characteristic is expressed by the transfer function from the shaking table acceleration to the control force generated from the damper. Finally, its design parameters are identified based on the coupled dynamics, which include the mass ratio of horizontal liquid column to total liquid for a TLCD, the participation factor of the fundamental liquid sloshing for a TSD and damping ratio for both cases.

The Vibration Performance Experiment of Tuned Liquid Damper and Tuned Liquid Column Damper

  • Kim Young-Moon;You Ki-Pyo;Cho Ji-Eun;Hong Dong-Pyo
    • Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.795-805
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    • 2006
  • Tuned Liquid damper and Tuned Liquid Column are kind of passive mechanical damper which relies on the sloshing of liquid in a rigid tank for suppressing structural vibrations. TLD and TLCD are attributable to several potential advantages - low costs ; easy to install in existing structures : effective even for small-amplitude vibrations. In this paper, the shaking table experiments were conducted to investigate the characteristics of water sloshing motion in TLD (rectangular, circular) and TLCD. The parameter obtained from the experiments were wave height, base shear force and energy dissipation. The shaking table experiments show that the liquid sloshing relies on amplitude of shaking table and frequency of tank. The TLCD was more effective control vibration than TLD.

Experimental Performance Evaluation of a 2-way TLMD using a TLCD and a Rubber Bearing-type TMD (TLCD와 고무패드형 TMD를 이용한 2방향 TLMD의 성능평가실험)

  • Heo, Jae-Sung;Kim, Hong-Jin;Jo, Bong-Ho;Jo, Ji-Seong;Park, Eun-Churn;Lee, Sang-Hyun;Lee, Sung-Kyung;Kim, Dong-Young;Min, Kyung-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.465-470
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, a two-way tuned liquid mass damper(TLMD) using a tuned liquid column damper(TLCD) and a rubber-bearing-type tuned mass damper(TMD) was manufactured for controlling two-way direction acceleration responses of a high-rise building structure. The proposed controlling device behaves as a tuned liquid column damper in one direction and as a tuned mass damper in the other direction. In this study, Performance evaluation of the downscaled model is conducted. The results show that the two-way controllability is behaved independently each other and realscale TLMD applicable to the high-rise building can be designed.

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Experiment of a Liquid Damper Controlling Bi-directional Wind Responses of a Tall Building (초고층 건물의 양방향 풍응답 제어를 위한 액체댐퍼 실험)

  • Lee, Hye-Ri;Min, Kyung-Won
    • Transactions of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.287-295
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    • 2010
  • This study deals with the design of a bi-directional damper using a tuned liquid damper(TLD) and a tuned liquid column damper(TLCD) for a SDOF building. Two dampers are usually needed to reduce wind-induced responses of tall buildings since they are along and across wind ones. The proposed damper has the advantage of controlling both responses with a single damper. The damper used in this study behaves as both a TLCD in a specific translational direction and a TLD in the other orthogonal direction. This paper presents experimental verification to confirm its control performance. First, shaking table test is carried out to investigate reducing responses by the damper. Control performance of the damper is expressed by the transfer function from shaking table accelerations to SDOF building ones. Testing results show that the damper reduced bi-directional responses of a SDOF building. Also, it reduced torsion responses.

Performance Test of a Tuned Liquid Mass Damper installed in a Real-Scaled Structure (실물크기 구조물에 설치된 동조액체질량감쇠기의 성능실험)

  • Heo, Jae-Sung;Park, Eun-Churn;Lee, Sung-Kyung;Lee, Sang-Hyun;Kim, Hong-Jin;Jo, Ji-Seong;Cho, Bong-Ho;Joo, Seok-Jun;Min, Kyung-Won
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, a tuned liquid mass damper(TLMD) was proposed and experimentally investigated on its control performance, which can control bi-axial responses of building structures by using only one device. The proposed TLMD controls the structural response in a specific one direction by using a liquid sloshing of TLCD. Also, the TLMD reduces the response of structures in the other orthogonal direction by behaving as a TMD that uses mass of the container itself and liquid within container of TLCD installed on linear motion guides. Force-vibration tests on a real-sized structure installed with the TLMD were performed to verify its independent behavior in two orthogonal directions. Test results showed that the responses of a structure were considerably reduced by using the proposed TLMD and its usefulness for structural control in two orthogonal directions.

Buffeting response control of a long span cable-stayed bridge during construction using semi-active tuned liquid column dampers

  • Shum, K.M.;Xu, Y.L.;Guo, W.H.
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.271-296
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    • 2006
  • The frequency of a traditional tuned liquid column damper (TLCD) depends solely on the length of liquid column, which imposes certain restrictions on its application to long span cable-stayed bridges during construction. The configuration of a cable-stayed bridge varies from different construction stages and so do its natural frequencies. It is thus difficult to apply TLCD with a fixed configuration to the bridge during construction or it is not economical to design a series of TLCD with different liquid lengths to suit for various construction stages. Semi-active tuned liquid column damper (SATLCD) with adaptive frequency tuning capacity is studied in this paper for buffeting response control of a long span cable-stayed bridge during construction. The frequency of SATLCD can be adjusted by active control of air pressures inside the air chamber at the two ends of the container. The performance of SATLCD for suppressing combined lateral and torsional vibration of a real long span cable-stayed bridge during construction stage is numerically investigated using a finite element-based approach. The finite element model of SATLCD is also developed and incorporated into the finite element model of the bridge for predicting buffeting response of the coupled SATLCD-bridge system in the time domain. The investigations show that with a fixed container configuration, the SATLCD with adaptive frequency tuning can effectively reduce buffeting response of the bridge during various construction stages.

Dynamic Characteristic of A Bi-dirctional Damper Using A Tuned Mass Damper and A Tuned Liquid Column Damper (TMD와 TLCD를 이용한 2방향 감쇠기의 동적특성)

  • Lee, Sung-Kyung;Min, Kyung-Won;Park, Eun-Churn
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.589-596
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    • 2008
  • This study introduces the design of a bi-directional damper using a tuned mass damper(TMD) and a tuned liquid column damper(TLCD) and presents experimental verifications to confirm its control performance. The damper used in this study behaves as a TMD in a specific translational direction and acts as a TLCD in the other orthogonal direction. First, shaking table test is performed to investigate the coupled effect of control forces produced by TMD and TLCD. Then, the parameters that affect to dynamic characteristics of the proposed damper are quantitatively evaluated based on the experimental results. Testing results shows that the damper used in this study produces control forces coupled by TLCD and TMD, as it is excited by waves with an incident angle. Also, it is observed that the damper can be used to reduce bi-directional responses of building structures.

Innovative modeling of tuned liquid column damper controlled structures

  • Di Matteo, Alberto;Di Paola, Mario;Pirrotta, Antonina
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.117-138
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    • 2016
  • In this paper a different formulation for the response of structural systems controlled by Tuned Liquid Column Damper (TLCD) devices is developed, based on the mathematical tool of fractional calculus. Although the increasing use of these devices for structural vibration control, it has been demonstrated that existing model may lead to inaccurate prediction of liquid motion, thus reflecting in a possible imprecise description of the structural response. For this reason the recently proposed fractional formulation introduced to model liquid displacements in TLCD devices, is here extended to deal with TLCD controlled structures under base excitations. As demonstrated through an extensive experimental analysis, the proposed model can accurately capture structural responses both in time and in frequency domain. Further, the proposed fractional formulation is linear, hence making identification of the involved parameters extremely easier.

Optimal damping ratio of TLCDs

  • Chen, Yung-Hsiang;Chao, Chen-Chi
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.227-240
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    • 2000
  • The study of the optimal damping ratio of a tuned liquid-column damper (or TLCD) attached to a single-degree-of-freedom system is presented. The tuned liquid-column damper is composed of two vertical columns connected by a horizontal section in the bottom and partially filled with water. The ratio of the length of the horizontal section to the effective wetted length of a TLCD considered as another important parameter is also presented for investigation. A simple pendulum-like model test is conducted to simulate a long-period motion in order to prove the effectiveness of TLCD for vibrational control. Comparisons of the experimental and analytic results of the TLCD, TLD (tuned-liquid damper), and TMD (tuned-mass damper) are included for discussion.