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Semi-active control of seismic response of a building using MR fluid-based tuned mass damper

  • Esteki, Kambiz;Bagchi, Ashutosh;Sedaghati, Ramin
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.807-833
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    • 2015
  • While tuned mass dampers are found to be effective in suppressing vibration in a tall building, integrating it with a semi-active control system enables it to perform more efficiently. In this paper a forty-story tall steel-frame building designed according to the Canadian standard, has been studied with and without semi-active and passive tuned mass dampers. The building is assumed to be located in the Vancouver, Canada. A magneto-rheological fluid based semi-active tuned mass damper has been optimally designed to suppress the vibration of the structure against seismic excitation, and an appropriate control procedure has been implemented to optimize the building's semi-active tuned mass system to reduce the seismic response. Furthermore, the control system parameters have been adjusted to yield the maximum reduction in the structural displacements at different floor levels. The response of the structure has been studied with a variety of ground motions with low, medium and high frequency contents to investigate the performance of the semi-active tuned mass damper in comparison to that of a passive tuned mass damper. It has been shown that the semi-active control system modifies structural response more effectively than the classic passive tuned mass damper in both mitigation of maximum displacement and reduction of the settling time of the building.

Structural Vibration Control Using Semiactive Tuned Mass Damper (건물의 내진성능을 향상시키기 위한 반능동 동조질량감쇠 시스템)

  • Moon, Yeong-Jong;Ji, Han-Rok;Jung, Hyung-Jo;Lee, In-Won
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.645-650
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents the results of a study to verify the sufficient control performance of semiactive tuned mass damper and to identify suitable control methods for semiactive tuned mass damper in structural vibration control. In this study, four control algorithms are considered: on-off displacement based groundhook, on-off velocity based groundhook, clipped optimal and maximum energy dissipation algorithm. For semiactive tuned mass damper, MR damper is considered as a controllable damping device and the command voltage is calculated by the control algorithms. Each of the control theory is applied to the three story shear building excited by three earthquakes. The performance of each algorithm is compared with that of conventional tuned mass damper system using evaluation criteria. The simulation results indicate that semiactive tuned mass damper has control efficiency. Among the control algorithms, on-off displacement based control theory shows the best efficacy and robustness.

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Design and Control of Semi-Active Tuned Mass Damper (반능동 진동 흡수 장치의 설계 및 제어)

  • Kwak, Moon K.;Shin, Ji-Hwan;Yang, Dong-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.23-25
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    • 2014
  • This paper is concerned with design and control of semi-active tuned mass damper. The equipment consists of permanent magnet and coil. If current flowing in coil is changed, the natural frequency of the semi-active tuned mass damper is changed. In previous research, a current flowing in coil was changed manually. In this time, we design the feedback control system. The experiment proceed that the excitation frequency is shifted from 4Hz to 9Hz. The result of experiment proves that semi-active tuned mass damper is better than passive tuned mass damper in performance of absorbing vibration.

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Experimental Performance Evaluation of a 2-way TLMD using a TLCD and a Rubber Bearing-type TMD (TLCD와 고무패드형 TMD를 이용한 2방향 TLMD의 성능평가실험)

  • Heo, Jae-Sung;Kim, Hong-Jin;Jo, Bong-Ho;Jo, Ji-Seong;Park, Eun-Churn;Lee, Sang-Hyun;Lee, Sung-Kyung;Kim, Dong-Young;Min, Kyung-Won
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.465-470
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    • 2007
  • In this paper, a two-way tuned liquid mass damper(TLMD) using a tuned liquid column damper(TLCD) and a rubber-bearing-type tuned mass damper(TMD) was manufactured for controlling two-way direction acceleration responses of a high-rise building structure. The proposed controlling device behaves as a tuned liquid column damper in one direction and as a tuned mass damper in the other direction. In this study, Performance evaluation of the downscaled model is conducted. The results show that the two-way controllability is behaved independently each other and realscale TLMD applicable to the high-rise building can be designed.

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A semi-active smart tuned mass damper for drive shaft

  • Cai, Q.C.;Park, J.H.;Lee, C.H.;Park, J.L.;Yoon, D.Y.
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.349-354
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    • 2011
  • Tuned mass damper is widely used in many applications of industry. The main advantage of tuned mass damper is that it can increase the damping ratio of system and reduce the vibration amplitude. Meanwhile, the natural frequency of system will be divided by two peaks, and the peak speeds are closely related to the mass and the stiffness of auxiliary mass system added. In addition, the damping ratio will also affect the peak frequency of the dynamic response. In the present research, the nonlinear mechanical characteristics of rubber is investigated and put into use, since it is usually manufactured as the spring element of tuned mass damper. By the sense of the nonlinear stiffness as well as the damping ratio which can be changed by preload applied on, the shape memory alloy is proposed to control the auxiliary mass system by self-optimizing. Supported by the experiment data of rubber, the 1 DOF theoretical model and finite element model based on computer simulation are implemented to perform the feasibility of the proposed semi-active tuned mass damper working on the drive shaft.

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Control of a building complex with Magneto-Rheological Dampers and Tuned Mass Damper

  • Amini, F.;Doroudi, R.
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.36 no.2
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    • pp.181-195
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    • 2010
  • Coupled building control is a viable method to protect tall buildings from seismic excitation. In this study, the semi-active control of a building complex is investigated for mitigating seismic responses. The building complex is formed of one main building and one podium structure connected through Magneto-Rheological (MR) Dampers and Tuned Mass Damper. The conventional semi-active control techniques require a primary controller as a reference to determine the desired control force, and modulate the input voltage of the MR damper by comparing the desired control force. The fuzzy logic directly determines the input voltage of an MR damper from the response of the MR damper. The control performance of the proposed fuzzy control technique for the MR damper is evaluated for the control problem of a seismically-excited building complex. In this paper, a building complex that include a 14-story main building and an 8-story podium structure is applied as a numerical example to demonstrate the effectiveness of semi-active control with Magneto-Rheological dampers and its comparison with the passive control with the Tuned Mass Damper and two uncoupled buildings and hybrid semi-active control including the Tuned Mass Damper and Magneto-Rheological dampers while they are subject to the earthquake excitation. The numerical results show that semi-active control and hybrid semi-active control can significantly mitigate the seismic responses of both buildings, such as displacement and shear force responses, and fuzzy control technique can effectively mitigate the seismic response of the building complex.

Use of semi-active tuned mass dampers for vibration control of force-excited structures

  • Setareh, Mehdi
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.341-356
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    • 2001
  • A new class of semi-active tuned mass dampers, named as "Ground Hook Tuned Mass Damper" (GHTMD) is introduced. This TMD uses a continuously variable semi-active damper (so called 'Ground-Hook') in order to achieve more reduction in the vibration level. The ground-hook dampers have been used in the auto-industry as a means of reducing the vibration of primary suspension systems in vehicles. This paper investigates the application of this damper as an element of a tuned damper for the vibration reduction of force-excited single degree of freedom (SDOF) models that can be representative of many structural systems. The optimum design parameters of GHTMDs are obtained based on the minimization of the steady-state displacement response of the main mass. The optimum design parameters which are evaluated in terms of non-dimensional values of the GHTMD are obtained for different mass ratios and main mass damping ratios. Using the frequency responses of the resulting systems, performance of the GHTMD is compared to that of equivalent passive TMD, and it is found that GHTMDs are more efficient. A design methodology to obtain the tuning parameters of GHTMD using the relationships developed in this paper is presented.

A Study of the Structural Vibration Control Using a Biaxial Tuned Mass Damper (2축 동조 질량 감쇠기를 이용한 구조물의 진동 제어 연구)

  • 정태영
    • Proceedings of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.473-481
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    • 2000
  • Civil structures are becoming more flexible and lightly damped. When subjected to dynamic loads such as wind, earthquake and wave, vibration may be easily induced and lasted for lond duration. To suppress the wind-induced and earthquake-induced vibration of high-rise buildings, study on the development of a tuned mass damper has been carried out. Based on optimal design on passive tuned mass damper which is considered for a building subject to random excitations, a biaxial tuned mass damper was designed and developed. It is confirmed that the vibration levels of the test structure are reduced using the developed tuned mass damper.

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Performance Test of a Tuned Liquid Mass Damper installed in a Real-Scaled Structure (실물크기 구조물에 설치된 동조액체질량감쇠기의 성능실험)

  • Heo, Jae-Sung;Park, Eun-Churn;Lee, Sung-Kyung;Lee, Sang-Hyun;Kim, Hong-Jin;Jo, Ji-Seong;Cho, Bong-Ho;Joo, Seok-Jun;Min, Kyung-Won
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, a tuned liquid mass damper(TLMD) was proposed and experimentally investigated on its control performance, which can control bi-axial responses of building structures by using only one device. The proposed TLMD controls the structural response in a specific one direction by using a liquid sloshing of TLCD. Also, the TLMD reduces the response of structures in the other orthogonal direction by behaving as a TMD that uses mass of the container itself and liquid within container of TLCD installed on linear motion guides. Force-vibration tests on a real-sized structure installed with the TLMD were performed to verify its independent behavior in two orthogonal directions. Test results showed that the responses of a structure were considerably reduced by using the proposed TLMD and its usefulness for structural control in two orthogonal directions.

Use of Semi-active Tuned Mass Dampers for Vibration Control under Various Excitations (다양한 하중의 진동제어를 위한 준능동 TMD의 이용)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su;Kim, Seung-Jun;Lee, Dong-Guen
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.51-62
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    • 2006
  • To dale, lots of types of tuned mass dampers are developed and investigated to reduce dynamic responses of a structure due to various causes. In this study, control performance of semi-active tuned mass damper(STMD), that can change the damping of tuned mass damper in real time based on structural responses, was investigated with respect to various types of excitation employing numerical simulation. Skyhook control algorithm was used to appropriately modulate the damping ratio of semi-active damper that composes STMD. The control effectiveness of a STMD under harmonic and random excitation were evaluated using a single-degree-of-freedom (SDOF) structure in comparison with a conventional passive tuned mass damper (TMD). The robustness of a STMD and a passive TMD were compared along with the variation of the mass of a SDOF structure. The control performance of STMD using magnetorheological (MR) damper was also investigated in this study. Based on the numerical studios, it was shown that the control effectiveness of the STMD was significantly superior to that of a passive TMD with respect to harmonic and random excitation.