• Title, Summary, Keyword: under-utilized resources

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Evaluation and classification of selected rice varieties for salinity tolerance at seedling stage

  • Lee, Seung-Yeob;Ahn, Jeong-Ho;Kwon, Tae-Oh
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.339-344
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    • 2003
  • To identify the new source of breeding materials for rice salt tolerance, the salinity tolerance of thirty-four varieties was evaluated under 0.5% saline condition at seedling stage. The salinity score showed highly significant correlations to dry weight and dead leaf ratio. The tested varieties were classified into three groups by visual score, reduction ratio of dry weight, and dead leaf ratio. Eighteen varieties were classified as the highly tolerant group (salinity scores of 1.3-3.7), seven varieties were fallen into the tolerant group (salinity scores of 4.2-5.8), and others were susceptible (salinity scores of 6.7-9.0). In highly tolerant group, most indica varieties including Getu, Dikwee and Kuatic Putic, didn't exsert a panicle under the Korean climate. But six varieties, Xiangcho V, Annapuruna, HP 3319-2wx-6-3-1, Giza 175, and GZ 2447-S-17, GZ 4255-6-3 were suitable to the Korean climate, and their heading date (6-16, August) and culm length (65-78㎝) were similar to the Korean varieties. Accordingly, these varieties can be utilized as crossing materials for the salt tolerance in japonica rice.

Information Retrieval Tools as Predictors for Information Resources Utilization in Academic Libraries in Nigeria

  • David-West, Boma Torukwein
    • International Journal of Knowledge Content Development & Technology
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2020
  • The study examined information retrieval tools as predictors for information resources utilization, four research questions, and four hypotheses were made to guide the study. A descriptive survey was adopted for the study. Random sampling technique was used to select sample of 393 from a population of 557 academic staff registered in the University of Port Harcourt library. The questionnaire was adopted as a data collection instrument titled Information retrieval as predictors for information resources utilization (IRPIRUQ). Data were analyzed using both simple and multiple regression while analysis of variance (ANOVA) associate with regression was used for testing the hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. The study revealed that information resources are under utilized as the OPAC and Online Databases are not easily accessed. Further findings showed that the academic staff made use of internet search engines more often than the OPAC and online databases. It was recommended among others that a new library software be installed in place of KOHA for wider connectivity and adequate distribution of software that will aid usage of the online databases and OPAC.

Dynamic stress, strain and deflection analysis of pipes conveying nanofluid buried in the soil medium considering damping effects subjected to earthquake load

  • Abadi, M. Heydari Nosrat;Darvishi, H. Hassanpour;Nouri, A.R. Zamani
    • Computers and Concrete
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    • v.24 no.5
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    • pp.445-452
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    • 2019
  • In this paper, dynamic stress, strain and deflection analysis of concrete pipes conveying nanoparticles-water under the seismic load are studied. The pipe is buried in the soil which is modeled by spring and damper elements. The Navier-Stokes equation is used for obtaining the force induced by the fluid and the mixture rule is utilized for considering the effect of nanoparticles. Based on refined two variables shear deformation theory of shells, the pipe is simulated and the equations of motion are derived based on energy method. The Galerkin and Newmark methods are utilized for calculating the dynamic stress, strain and deflection of the concrete pipe. The influences of internal fluid, nanoparticles volume percent, soil medium and damping of it as well as length to diameter ratio of the pipe are shown on the dynamic stress, strain and displacement of the pipe. The results show that with enhancing the nanoparticles volume percent, the dynamic stress, strain and deflection decrease.

Analytical Solution of Multi-species Transport Equations Coupled with a First-order Reaction Network Under Various Boundary Conditions (다양한 경계조건을 가진 일차 반응 네트워크로 결합된 다종 오염물 거동 해석해)

  • Suk, Hee-Jun;Chae, Byung-Gon
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.46-57
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    • 2011
  • In this study, analytical solution of multip-species transport equations coupled with a first-order reaction network under constant concentration boundary condition or total flux boundary condition is obtained using similarity transformation approach of Clement et al. (2000). The study shows the schematic process about how multi-species transport equations with first-order sequential reaction network is transformed through the similarity transformation approach into independent and uncoupled single species transport equations with first-order reaction. The analytical solution was verified through the comparison with popular commercial programs such as 2DFATMIC and RT3D. The analytical solution can be utilized in nuclear waste sites where radioactive contaminants and their daughter products occur and in industrial complex cities where chlorinated solvent such as PCE, TCE, and its biodegradation products produces. In addition, it can help the verification of the developed numerical code.

Groundwater Resources of Gum-Ho River Basin (금호강유역(琴湖江流域) 지하수대(地下水帶)에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Han, Jeong Sang
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.99-108
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    • 1978
  • The Gum-Ho river basin is one of the densely populated area having more than 35% of the total population and it was also well irrigated since earlier days in the Nackdong river basin. Most of the easily developed source of surface water are fully utilized, and at this moment the basin is at the stage that no more :surface water can be made available under the present rapid development of economic condition. Since surface water supplies from the basin have become more difficult to obtain, the ground water resources must be thoroughly investigated and utilized greatly hereafter. In economic ground of the basin what part could ground water play? In what quantities and, for what uses could it be put? The answer to these questions can be relatively simple;the ground water resources in the basin can be put at almost any desired use and almost anywhere in the basin The area of the basin is at about $2088km^2$ in the middle part of Nackdong river basin and it is located along the Seoul-Pusan express highway. The mean annual rainfall is about 974.7mm, most of which falls from June to September during the monsoon. Accumulated is appeared approximately after every 8 year's accumlated dry period with the duration of 5 years. The water bearing formation in the basin include unconsolidated alluvial deposits in Age of Quaternary, saprolite derived from weathered crystalline rocks, Gyongsang sedimentary formations of the period from late Jurassic to Cretaceouse, and igneouse rocks ranging of the Age from Mesozoic to Cenozoic. The most productive ground water reservoir in the basin is calcareous shale and sandstones of Gyongsang system, which occupies about 66% of the total area. The results of aquifer test on Gyongsang sedimentary formation show that average pumping capacity of a well drilled into the formation with drilling diameter and average depth of $8{\frac{1}{2}}$ inch and 136m is $738m^3/day$ and also average specific capacity of those well is estimated $77.8m^3/D/M$. Total amount of the ground water reserved in the basin is approximately estimated at 37 billion metric tons, being equivalent 18 years total precipitations, among which 7 billion metric tons of portable ground water can be easily utilized in depth of 200 meters.

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A Technology for Water Pollution Diffusion Prevention based on Web Map

  • Shin, Jin Seob
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.22 no.11
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    • pp.65-71
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    • 2017
  • An integrated water environment management system is necessary in improving water quality, properly allocating water resources, and supporting socio-economic development. Specifically, water quality management system using web map can be an efficient approach to accomplish this system. This paper aims to construct a dynamic water quality management system to reflect a water environment management system which includes three sub-models with consideration of their interrelationships (a socio-economic model based on dynamic Input-Output model, a water resources cycle model, and a water pollutants flow model). Based on simulation, the model can precisely estimate trends of water utilization, water quality, and economic development under certain management targets, and propose an optimal plan. This study utilized the model to analyze the potential of using reclaimed water to accomplish local water environment management and sustainable development plan while exploring the applicable approaches. This study indicates that the constructed water environment management system can be effective and easily adopted to assess water resources and environment while improving the trade-off between economic and environment development, as well as formulate regional development plan.

A CAC Scheme for Voice/Data DS-CDMA Systems with Prioritized Services

  • Insoo Koo;Kim, Eunchan;Kim, Kiseon
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
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    • pp.92-96
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, we propose a call admission control(CAC) scheme fer the mixed voice/data DS-CDMA systems and analyze the Er-lang capacity under the proposed CAC scheme. Voice and data traffics require different system resources based oil their Quality of Service(QoS) requirements. In the proposed CAC scheme, some system resources are reserved exclusively for handoff calls to have high priority Over new calls. Additionally the queueing of both new and handoff data traffics that are not sensitive to delay is allowed. Ar a performance measure for the suggested CAC scheme. Erlang capacity is utilized. For the performance analysis, a four-dimensional Markov chain model is developed. Erlang capacity of a practical IS-95B type system depicts, and optimum values of system parameters such as the number of reservation channels and queue lengths are found with respect to Erlang capacity. Finally, it is observed that Erlang capacity is improved more than two times by properly selecting the system parameters with the proposed CAC scheme.

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Optimization of a Multi-Step Procedure for Isolation of Chicken Bone Collagen

  • Cansu, Ümran;Boran, Gökhan
    • Food Science of Animal Resources
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.431-440
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    • 2015
  • Chicken bone is not adequately utilized despite its high nutritional value and protein content. Although not a common raw material, chicken bone can be used in many different ways besides manufacturing of collagen products. In this study, a multi-step procedure was optimized to isolate chicken bone collagen for higher yield and quality for manufacture of collagen products. The chemical composition of chicken bone was 2.9% nitrogen corresponding to about 15.6% protein, 9.5% fat, 14.7% mineral and 57.5% moisture. The lowest amount of protein loss was aimed along with the separation of the highest amount of visible impurities, non-collagen proteins, minerals and fats. Treatments under optimum conditions removed 57.1% of fats and 87.5% of minerals with respect to their initial concentrations. Meanwhile, 18.6% of protein and 14.9% of hydroxyproline were lost, suggesting that a selective separation of non-collagen components and isolation of collagen were achieved. A significant part of impurities were selectively removed and over 80% of the original collagen was preserved during the treatments.

A Proposal of Institutional Prerequisites to the Participation of Virtual Power Plant in Electricity Market under the Smart Grid Paradigm (스마트그리드 하에서 가상발전소의 전력시장 참여를 위한 제도적 선결요건에 관한 제언)

  • Chung, Koo-Hyung;Park, Man-Geun;Hur, Don
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.64 no.3
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    • pp.375-383
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    • 2015
  • The virtual power plant (VPP) is a new technology to achieve flexibility as well as controllability, like traditional centralized power plants, by integrating and operating different types of distributed energy resources (DER) with the information communication technology (ICT). Though small-sized DERs may not be controlled in a centralized manner, these are more likely to be utilized as power plants for centralized dispatch and participate in the energy trade given that these are integrated into a unified generation profile and certain technical properties such as dispatch schedules, ramp rates, voltage control, and reserves are explicitly implemented. Unfortunately, the VPP has been in a conceptual stage thus far and its common definition has not yet been established. Such a lack of obvious guidelines for VPP may lead to a further challenge of coming up with the business model and reinforcing the investment and technical support for VPP. In this context, this paper would aim to identify the definition of VPP as a critical factor in smart grid and, at the same time, discuss the details required for VPP to actively take part in the electricity market under the smart grid paradigm.

Ground Water Resources of Kum-Ho River Basin (금호강유역 지하수자원)

  • 한정상
    • Journal of the Korean Professional Engineers Association
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.13-26
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    • 1977
  • The Kum-Ho river basin is one of the densely populated area having more than 35% of the total population and it was also well irrigated since ealier days in the Nackdong River Basin Most of the easily developed source of surface water are fully utilized, and at this moment the basin is at the stage that no more surface water can be made available under the present rapid development of economic condition. Since surface water supplies from the basin have become more difficult to obtain, the ground water resources must be thoroughly investigated and utilized greatly hereafter. In economic ground of the basin what part could ground water play\ulcorner In what quantities and, for what uses could it be put\ulcorner The answer to these questions can be relatively simple; the ground water resources in the basin can be put at almost any desired use and almost anywhere in the basin. The area of the basin is at about 2088km$^2$ in the middle part of Nackdong River Basin and it is located along the Seoul-Pusan Express Highway. The mean annual rainfall is about 974.7m/m, most of which falls from June to September during the monsoon. Accumulated wet period is appeared approximately after every 8 year's accumulated dry-period with the duration of 5 years. The water bearing formations in the basin include unconsolidated alluvial deposits in Age of Quatenary, saprolite derived from weathered crystalline rocks, Kyongsang sedimentary formations of the period from late Jurassic to Cretaceouse, and igneouse rocks ranging of the Age from Mesozoic to Cenozoic. The most productive ground water reservoir in the basin is calcareouse shale and sandstones of Kyongsan system, which occupies about 66% of the total area.

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