• Title, Summary, Keyword: underlying disease

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Mammary Paget's disease without underlying malignancy of the breast

  • Jang, Nuri;Kang, Suhwan;Bae, Young Kyung
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.99-103
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    • 2018
  • Mammary Paget's disease (MPD) is usually accompanied by underlying breast malignancy; however, a few cases have been reported as only skin lesions without any evidence of malignancy of the breast on imaging tests and microscopic examination of surgical specimen. Here, we describe a 47-year-old woman who visited our hospital who had an eczematous lesion on right nipple and areola for over 10 years. The lesion was diagnosed as Paget's disease by punch biopsy; however, imaging studies demonstrated no breast malignancy or lymph node metastasis. The patient underwent surgery of on the nipple and areola including underlying breast tissue. No underlying malignancy was found upon microscopic examination, except for Paget's disease. Immunohistochemical stains revealed that the tumor cells were positive for cytokeratin 7, and negativity for p63, cytokeratin 5/6, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2. We report a case of MPD without underlying malignancy. To the best of our knowledge, this is the third case reported in Korea.

Effectiveness and safety of seasonal influenza vaccination in children with underlying respiratory diseases and allergy

  • Kang, Jin-Han
    • Korean Journal of Pediatrics
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    • v.57 no.4
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    • pp.164-170
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    • 2014
  • Influenza causes acute respiratory infections and various complications. Children in the high-risk group have higher complication and hospitalization rates than high-risk elderly individuals. Influenza prevention in children is important, as they can be a source infection spread in their communities. Influenza vaccination is strongly recommended for high-risk children with chronic underlying circulatory and respiratory disease, immature infants, and children receiving long-term immunosuppressant treatment or aspirin. However, vaccination rates in these children are low because of concerns regarding the exacerbation of underlying diseases and vaccine efficacy. To address these concerns, many clinical studies on children with underlying respiratory diseases have been conducted since the 1970s. Most of these reported no differences in immunogenicity or adverse reactions between healthy children and those with underlying respiratory diseases and no adverse effects of the influenza vaccine on the disease course. Further to these studies, the inactivated split-virus influenza vaccine is recommended for children with underlying respiratory disease, in many countries. However, the live-attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) is not recommended for children younger than 5 years with asthma or recurrent wheezing. Influenza vaccination is contraindicated in patients with severe allergies to egg, chicken, or feathers, because egg-cultivated influenza vaccines may contain ovalbumin. There has been no recent report of serious adverse events after influenza vaccination in children with egg allergy. However, many experts recommend the trivalent influenza vaccine for patients with severe egg allergy, with close observation for 30 minutes after vaccination. LAIV is still not recommended for patients with asthma or egg allergy.

Clinical Approach to Children with Proteinuria

  • Jang, Kyung Mi;Cho, Min Hyun
    • Childhood Kidney Diseases
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.53-60
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    • 2017
  • Proteinuria is common in pediatric and adolescent patients. Proteinuria is defined as urinary protein excretion at levels higher than $100-150mg/m^2/day$ in children. It can be indicative of normal or benign conditions as well as numerous types of severe underlying renal or systemic disease. The school urine screening program has been conducted in Korea since 1998. Since then, numerous patients with normal or benign proteinuria as well as early stage renal diseases have been referred to the hospital. Benign proteinuria includes orthostatic proteinuria and transient proteinuria. Most causes of proteinuria can be categorized into 3 types: 1) overflow, 2) tubular, and 3) glomerular. Although treatment should be directed at the underlying cause of the proteinuria, prompt evaluation, diagnosis, and long-term monitoring of these pediatric patients can prevent potential progression of the underlying disease process. This article provides an overview of proteinuria: its causes, methods of assessment, and algorithmic suggestions to differentiate benign from pathologic renal disease.

Influencing Factors of Nutritional Status among Liver Cancer Patients Receiving Transcatheter Arterial Chemoembolization(TACE) (간동맥 화학색전술을 받은 간암환자의 영양상태에 미치는 영향요인)

  • Sohn, Young-Sil;Kang, In-Soon
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.159-169
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : The purpose of this descriptive observational study was to identify the factors influencing the nutritional status of patients with liver cancer receiving transarterial chemoembolization(TACE) Methods : A total of 100 participants were enrolled in this study. Data were collected and descriptive statistics and logistic regression were performed. Results : Among participants, 41.0% had a risk of malnutrition and 59.0% had a normal nutritional status. Statistically significant differences between the normal and risk groups were found for the following factors: occupation; economical status; regular exercise; underlying disease; adverse events right after TACE; current adverse events; duration after TACE; depression; and self-care performance. Underlying disease(OR=5.134, p=.005) and self-care performance(OR=0.931, p=.032) had statistically associated with nutritional status. Conclusions : The findings suggest that underlying disease and self-care performance influence the nutritional status among liver cancer patients receiving transcatheter arterial chemoembolization(TACE).

Clinical Evaluation of Pneumonectomy (전폐절제술에 관한 임상적 연구)

  • Gwon, Eun-Su;Jeong, Hwang-Gyu
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.150-155
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    • 1995
  • For study the influencing factors to the complication after pneumonectomy, authors performed retrospective analysis in 33 patients managed surgically from February 1985 to February 1994 in the Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Pusan National University Hospital.Among 33 patients, the underlying diseases were distributed 15 patients[45.5% pulmonary tuberculosis, 14[42.% lung cancer and 4[12.1% bronchiectasis. Numbers of complication according to the underlying disease after pneumonectomy were 8 in pulmonary tuberculosis, 2 in lung cancer and 1 in brochiectasis. Study was analyzed on age, sex distribution, etiology of underlying diseases and operated sides contributing to the complication. The results were characterized that the rate of occurrence of complication after pneumonectomy was not affected by age, sex and operated side differences but affected by the underlying disease.The development of complication after pneumonectomy in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis revealed statistically borderline significance comparing to the others[p=0.07 .

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Acalculous Diffuse Gallbladder Wall Thickening in Children

  • Lee, Ji Haeng;No, Young Eun;Lee, Yeoun Joo;Hwang, Jae Yeon;Lee, Joon Woo;Park, Jae Hong
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.98-103
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: Gallbladder (GB) wall thickening can be found in various conditions unrelated to intrinsic GB disease. We investigated the predisposing etiologies and the outcome of acalculous GB wall thickening in children. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 67 children with acalculous GB wall thickening who had visited our institute from June 2010 to June 2013. GB wall thickening was defined as a GB wall diameter > 3.5 mm on abdominal ultrasound examination or computed tomography. Underlying diseases associated with GB wall thickening, treatment, and outcomes were studied. Results: There were 36 boys and 31 girls (mean age, $8.5{\pm}4.8years$ [range, 7 months-16 years]). Systemic infection in 24 patients (35.8%), acute hepatitis in 18 (26.9%), systemic disease in 11 (16.4%), hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis in 4 (6.0%), acute pancreatitis in 3 (4.5%), and specific liver disease in 3 (4.5%) predisposed patients to GB wall thickening. Systemic infections were caused by bacteria in 10 patients (41.7%), viruses in 5 patients (20.8%), and fungi in 2 patients (8.3%). Systemic diseases observed were systemic lupus erythematosus in 2, drug-induced hypersensitivity in 2, congestive heart failure in 2, renal disorder in 2. Sixty-one patients (91.0%) received symptomatic treatments or treatment for underlying diseases. Five patients (7.5%) died from underlying diseases. Cholecystectomy was performed in 3 patients during treatment of the underlying disease. Conclusion: A wide range of extracholecystic conditions cause diffuse GB wall thickening that resolves spontaneously or with treatment of underlying diseases. Surgical treatments should be avoided if there are no definite clinical manifestations of cholecystitis.

Differential Diagnosis of Chronic Coughing (만성 기침의 감별진단)

  • Do, Nam Yong;Park, Jun-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.87-90
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    • 2016
  • Cough, the most common symptom, encountered in the outpatient clinic can be caused by various underlying diseases. It defines as chronic cough that the duration of cough is more than 8 weeks with a normal chest X-ray findings. The cause of cough can be found out for more than 90% through the appropriate diagnostic approach and Upper airway cough syndrome, Asthma and Gastroesophageal reflex disease are the most common causes of disease to non-smokers. Chronic cough can be due to not one reason but various reasons and achieve good results by a systematic approach to diagnosis and a concrete treatment on the basis of the sufficient understanding of the underlying disease.

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Gelatinous Transformation of Bone Marrow Mimicking Malignant Marrow-Replacing Lesion on Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a Patient without Underlying Devastating Disease

  • Lee, Joohee;Yoo, Yeon Hwa;Lee, Sarah;Kim, Hak Sun;Kim, Sungjun
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.50-55
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    • 2018
  • Gelatinous transformation of bone marrow is characterized by hypoplasia of fat cells with focal loss of hematopoietic cells and deposition of extracellular gelatinous substances. It is known to be associated with devastating underlying diseases that starve bone marrow. Here, we present a case of a patient whose magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings of vertebral column were interpreted as metastasis or hematologic malignancy, however, the final diagnosis revealed a gelatinous transformation of bone marrow. This is the first report of gelatinous transformation of bone marrow without evidence of underlying devastating disease.

Importance of immediate surgical intervention and antifungal treatment for rhinocerebral mucormycosis: a case report

  • Kim, Jin-Geun;Park, Hye Jeong;Park, Jung Hyun;Baek, Jiwoong;Kim, Hyung Jun;Cha, In-Ho;Nam, Woong
    • Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
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    • v.39 no.5
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    • pp.246-250
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    • 2013
  • Rhinocerebral mucormycosis (RCM) is an opportunistic, potentially life-threatening fungal disease. This infective disease invades not only the facial sinuses, but also the maxilla, zygoma, and rhino-cerebral structures with a massive destruction of the facial skeletons and soft tissue. This disease progresses within various underlying diseases, such as diabetes mellitus, hematologic malignancy, renal failure, and systemic immunodepression. The relationship between mucormycosis and these underlying conditions have been discussed extensively in the literature. The authors studied 6 cases of RCM diagnosed by a tissue biopsy and treated at the department of oral and maxillofacial surgery, from 1997 to 2012. Patients were treated with several kinds of surgical interventions and antifungal agents, and their clinical & radiological signs, underlying conditions, surgical methods, and outcomes were analyzed.

Treatment of Chronic Wound in a Patient with Systemic Vasculitis (전신성 혈관염 환자의 족부 만성 창상의 치험례)

  • Lim, Jin Soo;Kim, Hyung Jun;Joo, Hong Sil;Choi, Yun Seok
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.116-119
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    • 2006
  • Management of chronic wound has been a great problem to many surgeons because the wound is usually associated with an underlying disease of the patient. Without accurate diagnosis and treatment of the disease, the wound can not be healed. Systemic vasculitis is a rare systemic disease which causes inflammation and obstruction of the vessels. This autoimmune disease involves multiple organs and may inflict skin wound spontaneously without traumas. It would improve or aggravate the wound in proportion to the activities of the disease. Our experience is a case of 28-year-old female who has had chronic ulcers on her right foot, especially on the great toe for 1 year. Although she had several operations of sympathectomy, debridement and artificial dermal graft, her wound was not improved. She has been diagnosed as systemic vasculitis during the evaluation for histopathology and cause of fever and pancytopenia. After medical treatments, she had the operation of adipofascial turnover flap coverage and skin graft, and the wound was improved without any complication or relapse. The diagnosis and treatment of the underlying disease should be ahead of the management of chronic wound.