• Title/Summary/Keyword: university students

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Factors Influencing University Students' Perception on Vegetarian Restaurants

  • Kim, Hyojin;Lee, Sang-Hyeop;Goh, Pei-En
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2017
  • The number of vegetarian restaurants in Malaysia has been increasing as people are motivated by various reasons to consume vegetarian foods. In addition, university students contribute to the economy, hence it is important for investors or owners of vegetarian restaurants to understand university students' perceptions on vegetarian restaurants based on their own experiences. This research provided an insight of factors influencing university students, such as family members, religion, trend and health. The objective of this research was to identify the perceptions of university students on vegetarian restaurants. This research used a qualitative approach by conducting a focus group interview with university students as a source of data collection. The six respondents were selected based on the criteria of university students in Malaysia who are consuming vegetarian food. Findings enabled investors and owners of vegetarian restaurants to have an in-depth understanding on the factors influencing university students' perceptions on vegetarian restaurants and take necessary action to accommodate them.

A Study on the Materialism of Korean and Japan Undergraduates (한 . 일 여자대학생들의 물질주의성향)

  • 김정숙;권정원
    • Journal of Families and Better Life
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.27-41
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    • 2003
  • The objective of this study was to find variables related to materialism of university students in Korea and Japan. A questionnaire research method was conducted and 477 samples were selected. Korean university students have higher materialism than Japanese university students. Korean undergraduates are influenced by reference group, but Japanese university students are influenced by group identity. Materialism of Korean university students are influenced by nonmaterialism, reference group, perception of living level, self concept, pocket money, mother's job. Materialism of Japan university students is influenced by nonmaterialism, group identity, perception of living level, grade. The strongest predictor of materialism of Korean university students is nonmaterialism, followed by reference group. The strongest predictor of materialism of Japanese university students is nonmaterialism, followed by group identity.

The Causal Structure to the Scientific Motivation and the Scientific Literacy Competency in Pre-service Elementary Teachers (초등예비교사의 과학 동기유발과 과학적 소양의 역량에 대한 인과구조)

  • Kim, Dong-Uk
    • Journal of Korean Elementary Science Education
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.208-218
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    • 2017
  • This study was to investigate factors and disclose causal model of the scientific literacy competency about the motivation for science and the scientific literacy competency. The 3 grade university students and the 1 grade university students as pre-service elementary teachers were participated to questionnaire investigation. The data were analyzed by the factor analysis method and the structural equation model method, and the following results were obtained. First, the 3 grade university students and the 1 grade university students perceived the science interest factors and science usefulness factors as the motivation for science, and also revealed the scientific problem recognition factor and the scientific evidence use factor as the scientific literacy competency. Second, the science interest factor had a greater effect on the scientific problem recognition factor than the scientific evidence use factor in both the 3 grade and 1 grade university students. In the path from the science usefulness factor to the scientific problem recognition factor, the science usefulness factor of the 3 grade university students had a greater influence on the direct route to the scientific problem recognition factor than that of the 1 grade university students. In the path from the science usefulness factor to the scientific evidence use factor, the science usefulness factor of the 1 grade university students influenced more on the direct route to the scientific evidence use factor than that of the 3 grade university students.

A Study on Self-Expression and Facilitative Communication by Enneatype Among University Students (대학생의 에니어그램 성격유형별 자기표현과 촉진적 의사소통에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Hee-Jung
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.163-173
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze self-expression and facilitative communication in university students according the their enneagram personality type. The subjects included 241 university students selected from universities in Seoul and Cheonan. The research tools of this study were the enneagram personality type scale, the assertiveness rating scale(self-expression) and facilitative communication rating scale. The statistics used from this data were one-way ANOVA(Post-hoc Duncan). The results were as follows; first, the self-expression was meaningfully different in content, paralinguistic and nonverbal assertive behavior characteristics by enneagram personality type university students. Second, immediacy, the sub factor of the facilitative communication rating scale varied depending upon the enneagram personality type(enneatype) of university students, Several suggestions were made concerning a study on self-expression and facilitative communication according to the enneagram personality type of university students.

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A Study on Materialism of University Students (대학생의 물질주의 가치관에 대한 연구)

  • Song, Soon;Shin, Hyoun-Shill
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.223-235
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of the materialism of university students. The data were collected for 331 university students. The data were analyzed by the package of SPSS program. The methods of analyses included basic descriptive categorical analysis (frequencies, means, percentages) as well as t-test, one way ANOVA, and multiple regressions. To summarize major findings from the analysis: (1) A significant difference was found in the materialism of university students by the socio-economic variables such as the amount of pocket money. (2) A significant difference was found in the materialism of university students by more self-esteem than life satisfaction. (3) A significant difference was found in the materialism of university students by parent's materialism and competitive achievement pressure. (4) According to the multiple regression analysis, it was found that the materialism of university students was influenced by the order of self-esteem, parent's materialism and competitive achievement pressure.

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The Relationship Between Life-Learning Competency and Self-Directed Learning Ability, Problem-Solving Ability, and Academic Achievement of University Students in the Context of Higher Education

  • SUNG, Eunmo
    • Educational Technology International
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.249-263
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine whether respondents showed gender differences in life- learning competency, self-directed learning ability, problem-solving ability, and academic achievement and to identify relationships among variables of university students in the context of higher education. To address those goal, the data set was analyzed that nationally collected from Korea Youth Competency Measurement and International Comparative Research III by National Youth Policy Institute in South Korea. 680 samples were used in the study that were 343 males and 337 females of university students. As results, statistically significant difference was showed in the participants' gender. Male university students were higher score than female university students in All variables. Also, learning agility in life-learning competency was strongly related to self-directed learning ability and problem-solving. Thinking skills in life-learning competency was strongly related to academic achievement in university students in higher education. In terms of learning strategy in the context of higher education, some suggestions have been made for university students.

A Study into Pattern of Smoking Behavior of University Students (대학생의 흡연행위 유형에 대한 연구)

  • 김문실;김애경
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.27 no.4
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    • pp.843-856
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    • 1997
  • The purpose of this study was to explore the subjective opinions related to of smoking behavior of university students with a history of smoking. The research period was from Feb, 1. 1996 to Sep. 10. 1997. The research method used was Q-methodology. The process of the research was as follows : 1. Collection of concourse : The statement of self-reference was derived from face to face interviews with 50 university students. Statement were categorized by researcher according to semantics. 2. Extraction of Q-sample : 38 of the self-reference statements from the 32 categories of the Q-population were selected. 3. Selection of P-sample : 30 of university students were selected by consideration of diversity in sociodemographic background. 4. Based on a 1 to 9 point scale, the selected university students were made to participate in Q-sorting. 5. Analysis of Q-type was obtained by use of the QUANAL program. The results of this study revealed as follows : There are three types of smoking behavior of Korean university students. 1. The first type focused on the right of the individual to smoke and the lack of recognition of smoking behavior as a health hazard. 2. The second type cared about smoking behavior as a hazard to health. 3. The third type was habitual smoker. They are bored and smoke habitually. It is suggested that the results of this study may contribute to the development of strategies for the purpose of decreasing the incidence of smoking of university students.

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A Study on the Types and Interior Space Planning of Small House for University Students (대학생을 위한 소형주거 유형 및 실내공간계획에 관한 연구)

  • Ha, Mi-Kyoung;Yang, Sung-Ah;Lee, Seung-Joo;Lee, Hyo-Chang
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.163-173
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    • 2011
  • Now, 1 person or 2 people households have increased in Korea. But the quality of living environment of small houses and small houses supply for university students are insufficient. The purpose of this study is to propose the types and spaces of small houses, and the elements and types of interior space planning of small houses for university students. This study surveyed 293 university students lived in metropolitan area. And the methods of this study are literature review and survey. Through this study, the conclusions of this study are as follows. First, the types of small houses are 9 types, and the types of interior space planning of small houses are 10 types. Seconds, the introduction of natural elements and spatial separation based on openness in small houses for university students are necessary. Thirds, the spatial planning for security and safety in small houses for university students are necessary. Fourth, the planning of various storage space and space maintenance of small houses are necessary. Fifths, generally, the consideration of functional elements as 'safety', 'storage', and natural elements as 'ventilation', 'view' and 'daylighting' in small houses are necessary for university students.

A Study on Relationships among University Students' Self-differentiation, Self-esteem and Mental Health : Focused on Depression and Anxiety (대학생의 자아분화, 자아존중감과 정신건강간의 관계 - 우울, 불안을 중심으로)

  • Kim, Sang Ok;Jeon, Young Ja
    • Korean Journal of Human Ecology
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.539-558
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to examine relationships among university students' self-differentiation, self-esteem and mental health. The subjects were 400 students of four universities in Busan and Gyungnam area. A questionnaire survey was done. The results of this study are as follows : First, the levels of university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem were high. Second, university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem were correlated positively. Third, the levels of university students' depression and anxiety were relatively low. It showed that the subjects' mental health of this study were not bad. Fourth, depression had no significant difference by gender. However, female students had higher anxiety than male students had. Fifth, university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem had negative correlation with depression and anxiety, and self-esteem played a role of mediating variable between self-differentiation and mental health. Sixth, family projection, family regression and self integration of self-differentiation had indirect influence upon the students' mental health through self-esteem, while cognitive-emotional function had direct influence upon mental health and had indirect influence upon mental health through self-esteem as well. In this study, university students' self-differentiation and self-esteem were found to be important variables having influence upon mental health, and self-differentiation had indirect influence upon mental health through self-esteem. Counselling intervention strategies should be established considering self-differentiation and self-esteem of the students who complained about their maladjusted emotion and human relation problems at schools. Also, programs enhancing self-differentiation and self-esteem of university students should be developed and the execution of these programs will be needed to help the university students who experienced mental health problems such as depression, anxiety and so on.

Promote of Healthy Clinical Expert for Analysis of Sleep Type and Stress Level on University students on Health Series (건강한 임상전문가 육성을 위한 보건계열 대학생들의 수면 유형과 스트레스 수준 분석)

  • Roh, Hyo-lyun
    • Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.803-807
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    • 2017
  • Purpose . The purpose of this study was to investigate the stress level and sleep type on university students at health series. Method . This research conducts a survey of 250 university students on health series. The research tools were structured questionnaires. The questionnaire about stress was measured using psychological stress questionnaire in life stress and sleep type was measured using the Korean Translation of Composite Scale of Measuring Morningness-Evening. Result . In this study, university students 16.4% of the students were at warning. The morning sleep types were 55.2% in all health series university students but slee type was not in the most of sleep type. There were not correlation between the sleep type and stress level. Conclusion . It is seems to need to management of stress on university students at health series.