• Title, Summary, Keyword: up-conversion

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Co-doping Effects on the Blue Up-conversion Characteristics of Fluoride Glasses (희토류 원소의 복합첨가에 의한 fluride 유리에서의 청색 상향전이현상)

  • 류선윤
    • Journal of the Korean Ceramic Society
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    • v.37 no.1
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    • pp.33-43
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    • 2000
  • Up-conversion of rare-earth element added glass is promising area for short wavelength laser source by utilizing high power semiconductor infra-red laser if the efficiency can be increased by proper method. In this study, relatively low phonon energy fluoride glasses were prepared by co-doping rare-earth elements to realize the high efficiency up-convertor. The physical, chemical, andoptical properties of co-doped fluoride glasses were measured. 10 combinations of 5 different rare-earth fluoride elements doped samples were prepared and their transition temperatures, chemical durability, density, hardness, refractive index, absorption, fluorescence, and fluorescence lifetime were measured. 480nm wavelengths blue up-conversion was found in the Yb3+/Tm3+ co-doped glass sample with 800nm laser source and the optimum composition for the most efficient blue up-conversion was found from the glass sample with 0.3 mol% TmF3 and 1 mol% YbF3.

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Monolithic SiGe Up-/Down-Conversion Mixers with Active Baluns

  • Lee, Sang-Heung;Lee, Seung-Yun;Bae, Hyun-Cheol;Lee, Ja-Yol;Kim, Sang-Hoon;Kim, Bo-Woo;Kang, Jin-Yeong
    • ETRI Journal
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    • v.27 no.5
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    • pp.569-578
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this paper is to describe the implementation of monolithically matching circuits, interface circuits, and RF core circuits to the same substrate. We designed and fabricated on-chip 1 to 6 GHz up-conversion and 1 to 8 GHz down-conversion mixers using a 0.8 mm SiGe hetero-junction bipolar transistor (HBT) process technology. To fabricate a SiGe HBT, we used a reduced pressure chemical vapor deposition (RPCVD) system to grow a base epitaxial layer, and we adopted local oxidation of silicon (LOCOS) isolation to separate the device terminals. An up-conversion mixer was implemented on-chip using an intermediate frequency (IF) matching circuit, local oscillator (LO)/radio frequency (RF) wideband matching circuits, LO/IF input balun circuits, and an RF output balun circuit. The measured results of the fabricated up-conversion mixer show a positive power conversion gain from 1 to 6 GHz and a bandwidth of about 4.5 GHz. Also, the down-conversion mixer was implemented on-chip using LO/RF wideband matching circuits, LO/RF input balun circuits, and an IF output balun circuit. The measured results of the fabricated down-conversion mixer show a positive power conversion gain from 1 to 8 GHz and a bandwidth of about 4.5 GHz.

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Region based Scan Rate Up-Conversion Technique (영역 기반 Scan Rate Up-Conversion 기법)

  • Kim, Young-Ro;Hong, Byoung-Ki
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Broadcast Engineers Conference
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    • pp.173-176
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    • 2005
  • 본 논문에서 영역 분할을 기반으로 하는 새로운 scan rate of-conversion 기법을 제안한다. 제안하는 공간적 보간 방법과 기존의 시간적 보간 방법을 이용하여 시공간 보간을 한다. 제안된 방법에서는 먼저 분수령 알고리즘을 이용한 영역 분할하고, 분할된 영역을 기반으로 하여 영역간의 에지 방향성을 결정한다. 기존 알고리즘과 같이 화소간 값 차이를 이용하여 에지의 방향을 구하지 않고 분할된 영역에서 영역구분에 따른 방향에 따라 보간을 함으로써 에지를 유지하면서 scan rate up-conversion을 할 수 있다.

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Design of 1.9GHz CMOS RF Up-conversion Mixer (1.9GHz CMOS RF Up-conversion 믹서 설계)

  • Choi, Jin-Young
    • Journal of IKEEE
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.202-211
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    • 2000
  • Utilizing the circuit simulator SPICE, we designed a 1.9GHz CMOS up-conversion mixer and explained in detail the simulation procedures including device modeling for the circuit design. Since the measured characteristics of the chip fabricated using the $0.5{\mu}m$ standard CMOS process had shown a big deviation from the characteristics expected by the original simulations, we tried to figure out the proper reasons for the discrepancies. Simulations considering the discovered problems in the original simulations have shown the validity of the simulation method tried for the design. We have shown that the utilized standard CMOS process can be used for the implementation of the chip characteristics similar to those of the equivalent chip fabricated using the GaAs MESFET process.

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Frame rate up conversion method using bilateral motion estimation based on texture activity and neighboring motion information (질감 활성도 기반 양방향 움직임 추정과 인접 움직임 정보를 이용한 프레임률 증가 기법)

  • Jung, Youn-Ho;Kim, Jin-Hyung;Ko, Yun-Ho
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.797-805
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    • 2014
  • In this paper we propose a new frame rate up conversion scheme which is used to overcome the motion blur problem of liquid crystal display caused by its slow response. The conventional bilateral motion estimation method which is mainly used in the frame rate up conversion scheme has a drawback that it cannot find true motion vector if there are blocks with simple texture in the search range. To solve this problem, a texture adaptive bilateral motion estimation method that increases cost value of block with simple texture is proposed. Also a motion estimation scheme that utilizes neighboring motion vector effectively is proposed to reduce computation time required to estimate motion. Since the proposed scheme does not apply all available motion vectors within the search range, the execution time of frame rate up conversion can be reduced dramatically. Experimental results show that the interpolated frame image quality of the proposed method is improved in subjective as well as objective view point compared with that of the conventional method.

Motion Estimation using new blocks based on the Frame Difference for Frame Rate-up Conversion

  • Kwak, Tong-Ill;Yun, Jong-Ho;Cho, Hwa-Hyun;Choi, Myung-Ryul
    • 한국정보디스플레이학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.1043-1046
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, we propose a Motion Estimation (ME) using new blocks based on the Frame Difference (FD) between two adjacent frames for Frame Rate-up Conversion (FRC). The proposed algorithm decides the shape of blocks by the FD. The experimental results show that the proposed method has better performance than conventional methods.

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Adaptive Frame Rate Up-Conversion Algorithms using Block Complexity Information

  • Lee, Kangjun
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.813-820
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    • 2018
  • This paper proposes new frame rate up-conversion algorithms. Adaptive motion estimation based on block complexity information are used to obtain more accurate motion vectors. Because the information on block complexity is extracted from the motion estimation prediction size from the original frame, additional computational complexity is not imparted. In experimental results, the proposed algorithms provide robust frame interpolation performance for whole test sequences. Also, the computational complexity of the proposed algorithm is reduced to a benchmark algorithm.

Numerical Study on Frequency Up-conversion in USPR using MATLAB

  • Roh, Young-Su
    • Journal of Electrical Engineering and Technology
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.497-502
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    • 2010
  • In this paper, the O-mode ultrashort-pulse reflectometry (USPR) millimeter-wave signals that propagate into the plasma and cover a frequency bandwidth of 33-158 GHz are examined numerically using MATLAB. Two important processes are involved in the computation: the propagation of the USPR impulse signal through a waveguide and the frequency up-conversion using millimeter-wave mixers. These mixers are limited to intermediate frequency signals that are less than 500 mV; thus, it is necessary to disperse the impulse signal into a chirped waveform using the waveguide. The stationary phase method is utilized to derive a closed-form formula for a chirped waveform under the assumption that the USPR impulse is Gaussian. In the process of frequency up-conversion, the chirped waveform is mixed with the mixer LO signal, and the lower frequency components of the RF signal are removed using high pass filters.

Effects of ortho-para hydrogen conversion on hydrogen liquefaction performance (Ortho-para 수소변환이 수소액화성능에 미치는 영향)

  • 최항집;강병하;최영돈
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.131-139
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    • 2000
  • A direct hydrogen liquefaction equipment has been developed and tested, which consists of a GM refrigerator, a liquefaction vessel, a radiation shield, a cryostat, and an ortho-para converter with catalyst. The effect of ortho-para hydrogen conversion on the performance of hydrogen liquefaction has been investigated. The time needed for the hydrogen liquefaction process with hydrogen pressure charge of 4 atm was delayed to around 75 minutes, and the liquefied mass flow rate of the hydrogen was about 0.0150∼ 0.0205 g/s when the hydrogen was liquefied with the direct hydrogen liquefaction system considering ortho-para conversion. With ortho-para conversion, the liquefied mass flow rate decreased up to 20%. Considering ortho-para conversion, there were up to 30% increase in the work input per unit liquefied mass flow rate. When the ortho-para conversion was considered, FOM decreased to be about 0.031∼0.045.

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