• Title, Summary, Keyword: vegetable oil

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Research of Accelerated Aging According to Long-term Stability of Vegetable Oil (식물성절연유의 가속열화에 따른 장기적 안정성 분석)

  • Choi, Sun-Ho;Huh, Chang-Su
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.61 no.8
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    • pp.1148-1152
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    • 2012
  • The vegetable-based insulating oils are substitutes for mineral oils in oil-filled transformer. The important properties of vegetable insulating oil is their higher flash/fire point and biodegradability than conventional mineral oils. The large oil-filled transformer eliminate the risk of explosion and fire should the transformer fail and oil ignite owing to high flash/fire point of vegetable insulating oil. In addition, higher biodegradability of vegetable insulating oils can let the oil spill damage reduced. In this experiment, the real oil-filled transformers using mineral oil and vegetable oil have accelerated aging. After working on the 100% accelerated aging experiment were conducted comparing the transformer. The hottest-spot temperature using thermal coefficients were calculated to determin the degree of accelerated aging. As a result, apply mineral oil transformer in accordance with the accelerated aging life come to an end. In contrast, vegetable insulating oils showed the opposite characteristics. Vegetable insulating oil compared to the mineral oil are found to be an long life. As a result, the vegetable oil has a long-term stability.

Analysis on the Chemical and Electrical Characteristic of Vegetable oil by Accelerated Aging (가속열화에 따른 식물성절연유의 화학적.전기적 특성 분석)

  • Choi, Sun-Ho;Jeong, Jung-Il;Huh, Chang-Su
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.60 no.5
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    • pp.984-989
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    • 2011
  • Electrical insulation is one of the most important part in a high voltage apparatus. Recently, researchers are interested in the environmental friendly vegetable oil from environmental viewpoint. Accelerated aging transformer insulating material in vegetable oil was compared to that of mineral oil. Accelerated aging oil samples produced in the oven at $140^{\circ}C$ for 500, 1000, 1500, 2000hours. And Real transformer insulation oils samples of vegetable oil and mineral oil were aged by thermal cycles repeating from $30^{\circ}C$ to $120^{\circ}C$. Samples were analyzed at 42, 63, 93, 143, 190, 240, 300 cycles. The mineral and vegetable insulating oils were investigated for breakdown voltage, water content, total acid number, viscosity, volume resistivity, insulating paper and oil permittivity, and dissolved gas analyses. The breakdown voltage of the vegetable insulating oil is higher than that found for the mineral oil; the accelerated aging progress decreased the breakdown voltage. The vegetable oil had a higher water saturation than the mineral oil; the vegetable oil has the superior water characteristics and breakdown voltage. And high viscosity of vegetable oil, care has to be taken, especially when designing the cooling system for a large transformer.

Prescriptions Utilizing Vegetable Oils in 『Donguibogam』(『東醫寶鑑』) (『동의보감(東醫寶鑑)』중 식물성 기름(油)을 활용한 방제)

  • Lee, Boo-Kyun
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.301-311
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    • 2020
  • Object : To investigate which diseases the utilization of various vegetable oils were used and how they were used for treatment, and to change and develop vegetable oil combined prescriptions so that the Korean medical treatment effect in clinical practice can be enhanced. Methods : All words containing oil(油) were searched and selected oils used for simple prescription and oil combined prescription. Aii of animal oils such as butter(酥油), Suis oil(猪油), Anceris oil(鴈油), and Actonis caro oil(猯油) were excludIt is suggested to develop a new formulation by succeeding the utilization methods of various effects of sesame oil and other vegetable oils.ed. All selected oils were classified as sesame oil(麻油)(inclusive, 脂麻油, 胡麻油, 香油, 淸油) or other vegetable oils. Result : 1. In 『Donguibogam』(『東醫寶鑑』), 14 other vegetable oils were used to 23 prescriptions. 2. Sesame oil was used to 187 prescriptions over 41 disease categories as of 20 effects described in the 『Zhenghebencao』(『政和本草』). 3. In 28 prescriptions, sesame oil was also used for hygiene and prevention, emetic, preparating herbs and so on. Conclusion : The 101 prescriptions used for medicinal auxiliary materials are due to the efficacy of treatments of malignant furuncles, sores, scabies, promoting regeneration of tissue and flesh, reliving pain, dispersing abscess and swelling and supplementing fissured skin. In 『Donguibogam』(『東醫寶鑑』), the unique efficacy of each vegetable oil and sesame oil was used in various ways and preparation forms to treat various diseases. It is suggested to develop a new formulation by succeeding the utilization methods of various effects of sesame oil and other vegetable oils.

Problem considerations and expectations in applying vegetable oil to power transformer (식물성 절연유의 전력용 변압기 적용에 따른 문제점 고찰 및 전망)

  • Park, Hyun-Soo;Kim, Ji-Ho;Lee, Hyang-Beom
    • 한국정보통신설비학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.184-186
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    • 2009
  • In past, transformer connection study was concentrated on efficiency improvement and life time broadening. But environmental side began to become important recently. In existing, quick transaction of mineral oil used to insulation oil of transformer is possibility to be difficult and causes environmental pollution in case of was outpoured and there is worry of fire occurrence. Accordingly, nonflammable performance becomes many interest in excellent vegetable oil because ignition point is high than mineral oil and environment friendly material. But, vegetable oil is cooling of transformer and insulation problem of insulating paper for cause of insulation oil special quality. Therefore, in this paper, special quality of vegetable oil that there are being a lot of mineral oil and the latest interest examined about problem and consideration item to be solved to analyzed comparison and applies vegetable oil to transformer for electric power.

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A study on the usability of used vegetable oil as a diesel substitute in diesel engine (디젤기관의 대체연료로서 폐식용유의 유용성에 관한 연구)

  • O, Yeong-Taek
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.481-488
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    • 1998
  • In recently, lots of researcher have been attached to develope various alternative fuels and to use renewable fuels for solution of the exhaust emission problems. In this study, the usability of used vegetable oil as alternative fuel for diesel engines has been investigated. This paper was compared with the exhaust emissions and performance in diesel engine with used vegetable oil and conventional diesel fuel. Since the vegetable oil includes oxygen of about 10%, it influenced the combustion process strongly. So, the smoke emissions of used vegetable oil were exhausted to be lower than those of diesel fuel. Also, the used vegetable oil was much the same cycle to cycle variation with diesel fuel except $P_{(dP}$d.theta.)max/, but the cycle to cycle variation of used vegetable oil was reduced significantly by preheating of the fuel and swirling of the intake air. It was concluded that used vegetable oil could be utilized effectively as renewable fuel for diesel engine.e.

Dissolved Gas Analysis of Environment-Friendly Vegetable Insulating Oils (친환경 식물성 절연유의 유중가스 분석)

  • Choi, Sun-Ho;Kim, Kwan-Sik;Huh, Chang-Su
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Electrical and Electronic Material Engineers
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.238-243
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    • 2015
  • The vegetable insulating oils are substitute for the mineral oil in power transformer. Vegetable insulating oils has higher flash/fire point and biodegradability than conventional mineral oils. In this paper, we investigated the dissolved gas analysis of vegetable oils. In the experiment, I had to accelerated aging under the same conditions mineral oil and vegetable oils. Accelerated aging proceeded to about 100% of the life of oil-filled transformer. In addition, we performed gas analysis of insulating oil of accelerated aging progress. The experiment results of the five gases was measured with the exception of Hydrogen and Acetylene. The mineral oil and vegetable oils gas is generated in a similar tendency depending on the accelerated aging. As a result, vegetable oils, can be dissolved gas analysis by method such as mineral oil.

Spray Characteristics in CI Engines Fuelled with Vegetable Oils and Its Derivatives

  • No, Soo-Young
    • Journal of ILASS-Korea
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.15-26
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    • 2011
  • In this article, spray characteristics in CI engines fuelled with vegetable oils and its derivatives will be reviewed. Of edible vegetable oils, soybean oil and rapeseed oil were mainly investigated. Of inedible vegetable oils, jatropha oil and used frying oil were main concern on the research on the spray characteristics in CI engine. Spray angle and spray penetration were mainly examined among the macroscopic spray characteristics and Sauter mean diameter was only investigated among the microscopic spray characteristics. There exist six different definitions of spray angle which should be examined. Neat vegetable oil and biodiesel fuels show smaller spray angle than diesel fuel. Biodiesel fuel and vegetable oils and its blend have a longer spray penetration than diesel fuel. However, biodiesel blends with diesel shows the similar spray penetration with diesel fuel. SMDs in the biodiesel spray, vegetable oils and its blends spray are higher than that in the diesel spray.

Effect of Different Levels of Vegetable Oil for the Manufacture of Dahi from Skim Milk

  • Munzur, M.M.;Islam, M.N.;Akhter, S.;Islam, M.R.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.1019-1025
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    • 2004
  • The experiment was conducted to investigate the feasibility of using vegetable oil and non-fat dry milk (powdered milk) with skim milk for the preparation of dahi. In this experiment, six different types of dahi were prepared from whole milk, skim milk and admixture of non-fat dry milk with different levels of vegetable oil. The prepared dahi samples were subjected to physical, chemical and microbiological analysis to evaluate their quality. It was observed that the addition of non-fat dry milk and vegetable oil with skim milk improve the physical qualities (smell and taste, body and consistency, color and texture) of prepared dahi samples. Addition of non-fat dry milk and vegetable oil also improve the total solids, fat and protein content of dahi samples. It is concluded that the addition of vegetable oil at a rate of 4 to 6% together with 5% non-fat dry milk gave the best result.

A Study on Corona Inception Voltage and Dielectric Characteristics of Thermally Aged Mineral and Vegetable Insulation Oil in Medium Voltage Power Transformer (식물유 및 광유를 사용한 배전변압기의 열열화에 따른 절연유의 코로나 개시전압 및 전기적 특성에 대한 연구)

  • Jeong, Jung-Il;Huh, Chang-Su
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.66 no.12
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    • pp.1745-1750
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    • 2017
  • Starting from the distribution transformer, the insulation oil for the oil immersed power transformer is being used to convert the vegetable oil from the existing mineral oil. Vegetable oil is better in temperature characteristics and insulation performance, is not toxic, and has better biodegradable characteristic than that of mineral oil. In order to investigate the corona inception voltage and dieclectic charateristics of the two insulating oils, three oil immersed transformers using mineral oil and vegetable oil were made and thermal cyclic aged. In this paper, the changes in the corona discharge inception voltage, chemical and electrical properties of the two sampled insulating oils from the transformers had been studied.

Influence of Temperature and Benzotriazole on the Flow Electrification by aging Mineral, Vegetable Oil (열화된 광유와 식물성절연유에서 온도, 벤조트리아졸의 유동대전 영향)

  • Choi, Sun-Ho;Jeong, Jung-Il;Huh, Chang-Su
    • The Transactions of The Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers
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    • v.60 no.2
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    • pp.338-343
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    • 2011
  • In this paper, the FT-IR, conductivity and flow electrification phenomena of Vegetable oils were discussed. Vegetable oil has high flash point and eco-friendly properties compared to conventional mineral oil. Accelerated aging transformer oil samples produced in the oven at 140[$^{\circ}C$] for 500 hours, 1000 hours, 1500 hours, 2000 hours. Serial device to measure the flow electrification phenomena was designed and fabricated. Pico ammeter and the Labview data measurements were utilized. The effects of Temperature and antistatic agent on fluid flow electrification were investigated. Both Mineral and vegetable oil showed similar trends for temperature change. The polarity reversal occurred in mineral oil with antistatic agent above 10 ~ 30[ppm] and in vegetable oil with antistatic agent above 5[ppm].