• Title, Summary, Keyword: vinegar

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Preparation and Physicochemical Characterization of Sea Tangle Vinegar for Utilization as Vinegar-Based Salad Dressing (식초기반 샐러드 드레싱용 다시마 식초 제조 및 이화학적 특성)

  • Han, Areum;Surh, Jeonghee
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.300-306
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study aimed to prepare sea tangle vinegar and test its applicability as a vinegar-based functional salad dressing in terms of physicochemical properties. Methods: Sea tangle vinegar was prepared by mixing sea tangle with sugar and vinegar and fermenting the mixture at room temperature for 3 months. The resulting sea tangle vinegar was examined for its physicochemical properties and antioxidant activity with brewed vinegar and persimmon vinegar as controls. Results: The sea tangle vinegar showed significantly higher viscosity than control vinegars, and shear thinning behavior that is typical for salad dressing containing polymers. In addition, storage modulus (G′) of sea tangle vinegar was relatively high in dynamic viscosity measurement while that of control vinegars remained negligible. Together with the high soluble solids content of sea tangle vinegar, rheological behavior indicates that sea tangle vinegar had soluble polysaccharides extracted from sea tangle, consequently leading to an increase in viscosity. Titratable acidity (TA) and pH were 2.52% and 3.58, respectively, which satisfies the TA and pH requirements for microbiological safety of a salad dressing. Absorbance at 285 nm and Folin Ciocalteu's reagent method revealed that sea tangle vinegar contained antioxidative phenolic compounds. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that sea tangle vinegar could be potentially developed as a vinegar-based functional salad dressing when combined with sensory evaluation in the future.

A Study on the Manufacture of Vinegar as Described in 'Jeungbosallimgyeongjae' ("증보산림경제"의 식초(食醴) 조리 가공에 관한 연구)

  • Kwon, Soon-Hyung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.731-739
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    • 2006
  • The text of 'Jeungbosallimgyeongjae' was reviewed to study the manufacture of vinegar and to investigate the changes made to the manufacturing process over time, other works such as 'Eumsigdimibang(1670s)', 'Sallimgyeongjae(1715)', 'Gyuhapchongseo(1815)', 'Juchan(1800년대경)' and 'Chosun-mussangsinsikyorijaebeop(1930)', 'Chosun-eumsikmandeneubeop(1946)' were compared. In both 'Eumsigdimibang', and 'Sallimgyeongjae' there are only three statements on vinegar manufacturing theory. For 'Sallimgyeongjae' these statesments are recorded specifically in the 'Chison' section. This book contains the following topics: the proper number of days for vinegar fermentation vinegar storage theory, how to maintain the vinegar in the pot, and nine vinegar manufacturing theories. 'Gyuhapchongseo' discusses the proper or improper number of days to ferment vinegar, and offers four general theories on vinegar manufacture. 'Ju-Chan' is a book of recipes from the latter era of the Chosun Dynasty. There are three statesments on 'yangchobang' recorded in this book. 'Chosun-mussangsinsikyorijaebeop' contains a general summary on vinegar that includes the theory of vinegar production, the right number of days for fermenting vinegar, clues for maintaining the vinegar in the pot, the method for making vinegar from spoiled alcohol, and finally, how to keep vinegar from molding The book also includes 11 statesments on the theory of vinegar manufacture. In 'Chosun-eumsikmandeneubeop', there are two statesments on vinegar manufacturing theory recorded. To study the use of vinegar in cooking as well as the change in manufacturing theories over time, we selected 'Eumsigdimibang', 'Sallimgyeongjae', 'Gyuhapchongseo', 'Chosun-mussangsinsikyorijaebeop' for a comparative analysis with the book 'Jeungbosallimgyeongje'. From this comparison of the texts we were able to learn the scientific nature of traditional foods. In addition, current vinegar manufacturing practices are changing the originally enjoyed flavors ghat are found with traditional vinegars. By the investigation of historic recipe book 'Ju-Chan,' and given the regular use of vinegar on cooking, we have found the means to reproduce the relished tastes of the past.

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Studies on Garlic and Pumpkin Vineger (마늘 식초 및 호박 식초에 관한 연구)

  • 금종화
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.518-522
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    • 1999
  • The garlic vinegar brewed with 5% ethanol solution added 10% crushed garlic was fermented by Acetobactor aceti 3281 at 3$0^{\circ}C$ for 26days. Pumpkin wine vinegar was made from acetic acid fermentation of pumpkin wine at 35$^{\circ}C$ for 26 days. Pumpkin wine vinegar was made from acetic acid fermentation of pumpkin wine at 35$^{\circ}C$ for 26days. The garlic vineger and pumkin wine vinegar contained 0.04mg/ml and 1.53mg/ml of total sugar 0.122/mg/ml and 0.406mg/ml of reducing sugar and 0.06 and 0.02% of ethanol. Specific gravity of garlic vinegar and pumkin wine vinegar was 8.53 and 8.48CFU/ml respectively. pH of garlic vinegar an pumkin vinegar was 3.06 and 3.20 respectively. Acidity of garlic vinegar and pumkin wine vinegar was 4.98 and 5.02 respectively. Sensory evaluation garlic of vinegar and pumkin wine vinegar was 2.7 and 3.9 respectively.

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Development of Chaff-vinegar Distiller (왕겨초액 제조장치 개발)

  • 박규식;이기명;명병수;최중섭;김태욱
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.389-394
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    • 2003
  • The concerns of wood vinegar increase with its various applications to food additive, functional drink, and in the sustainable farming. Chaff vinegar, a by-product of chaff charcoal which is produced by distilling smoke and having similar ingredients and efficacy with wood vinegar, contains harmful tar in the acceptable range and can be mass-produced. A chaff vinegar distiller, commercially mass-productive, was developed using a water cooling system. Initially distilled vinegar by the developed system contained little harmful tar in the acceptable range for the agricultural use and its acidity was about pH 3.2. Treatment of the chaff vinegar in the enhancing emergence test showed greater number of emerged seedlings, and vise-versa. Treatment of diluted in 100-holds showed 44.0% of emerged and 8.6% of not-emerged seedlings.

Effects of Wood Vinegar Mixted with Insecticides on the Mortalities of Nilaparvata lugens and Laodelphax striatellus(Homoptera: Delphacidae)

  • Kim, Dong-Hun;Seo, Han-Eul;Lee, Sang-Chul;Lee, Kyeong-Yeoll
    • Animal cells and systems
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.47-52
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    • 2008
  • Effects of wood vinegar on the activity of various insecticides were determined by measuring the mortality of two species of rice planthoppers, Nilaparvata lugens and Laodelphax striatellus. Wood vinegar itself did not show insecticidal activity on planthoppers. When the planthoppers were treated with wood vinegar mixed with one of insecticides such as BPMC, dinotefuran, imidacloprid, carbosulfan or insect growth regulators, the planthopper mortality induced by carbosulfan was greatly increased by the wood vinegar in comparison with a single carbosulfan treatment. Wood vinegar showed no effect on other insecticides. In addition, the wood vinegar-carbosulfan mixture significantly reduced AChE activity of planthoppers, which is a target molecule of carbosulfan. This result suggests that wood vinegar has a synergistic effect on the insecticidal activity of carbosulfan. Our study provides information on a potential role of wood vinegar in facilitation of activity of specific insecticides.

The Effect of Oak Wood Vinegar Extract on Blood Alcohol Concentration and Hangover Syndrome

  • Choi, Young-In;Kwon, Jin-Soo;Song, Yoon-Seok;Wang, Sung-Ho
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.41-47
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    • 2005
  • The study was conducted to determine whether oak wood vinegar extract influences blood alcohol concentration and hangover syndrome in healthy volunteers. 2% wood vinegar extract was effective to inhibit increase of blood alcohol concentration after alcohol intake and showed significantly different (P<0.1) compared to placebo. By result of questionnaire of volunteers, wood vinegar extract showed effects improving hangover syndrome. In comparative study about blood alcohol concentration and hangover syndrome of wood vinegar extract and other extract that hangover improvement effect was reported, average maximum blood alcohol concentration was lowered in those taking wood vinegar extract than those taking other extract. At drinking completion 210minutes (T210), blood alcohol concentration of those taking wood vinegar extract was the lowest by 0.063% compared with other extract but was not significantly different between in those taking wood vinegar extract and in those taking other extract. However, wood vinegar extract's experimental group was the highest by 0.462 in decrement rate of blood alcohol concentration and, when did P<0.1 by significance level, indicated difference that mean statistically compared to placebo group uniquely. At those taking wood vinegar extract, the improvement rate and the aggravation rate of hangover syndrome was each 87%, 2%. Thus it was concluded that wood vinegar extract showed excellent alcohol oxidation and was effective in hangover improvement.

Quality Characteristics and Antioxidant Activity of Brown Rice Pear Vinegar (현미배식초의 품질 특성 및 항산화 활성)

  • Park, Eun-Mi;Lee, Hyun-Joo;Chung, Yoon-Kyung
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.1041-1048
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    • 2015
  • This study was performed to produce quality vinegar using different types of nuruk, which is the most effective in making traditional brown rice vinegar. The vinegar was produced with 20% vinegar starter, and pears were added to reduce the nuruk aroma. Three different types of Nuruk that were prepared were rice, wheat, and a rice+wheat (1:1) combination. The total acidities of brown rice pear vinegar made from rice-nuruk, wheat-nunuk, and rice+wheat-nuruk were 8.1%, 7.5%, and 6.4%, respectively. Free sugars, including glucose, galactose, and fructose, were highly detected from all three vinegar samples. Acetic acid and lactic acid were the major organic acids in all three vinegar samples. For free amino acids, alanine, glutamic acid, and arginine were mainly detected in all three vinegar samples. Total phenolic compounds were higher in brown rice pear vinegar made of rice-nuruk than in that made of wheat-nuruk, whereas total flavonoids showed the opposite pattern. DPPH-radical scavenging activity was higher in brown rice pear vinegar made of wheat-nuruk than in that made of rice-nuruk.

Volatile Flavor Components in Pumpking Vinegar

  • Hur, Sung-Ho;Lee, Wonkoo
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.119-122
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    • 1998
  • Pumpkin venegar was produced using autoclaved pumpkin juice by fermenting with cetobacter starter and ethanol at the ratio of 4 % and 10% to the volume of pumpkin juice, respectivley. Fermentation was carried out at 2$0^{\circ}C$ for 14 days followed by aging at 1$0^{\circ}C$ for 14 days. Flavor components of pumpkin vinegar was determined using GC/MS. Identified components, were 2 aldehydes (4.74%), 5 acohols (30.06%), 4 ketones (8.99%), 4 acids (16.39%), 5 alkanes (11.10%), 11 miscellaneous compounds (27.01%) and 9 unknown compounds (1.71%). Pumpkin vinegar showed very similar flavor characteristics to those of conventional wien vinegar and sherry wine vinegar in particular , acetioin, methyl acetate, and butanoic acid were typical volatile components of these three kinds of vinegar. Pumpkin vinegar showed possiblity to compete with European wine vinegar.

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Improvement of Haemostasis Mediated by Anti-Platelet Activities by Plant Vinegar (목초액의 혈소판 응집억제를 통한 혈행개선 작용에 관한 연구)

  • 김영대;배옥남;정승민;정진호
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.137-142
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    • 2004
  • We investigated the effects of plant vinegar on platelets and blood coagulation system. Plant vinegar inhibited in vitro platelet aggregation in a concentration dependent manner, when platelets were activated by thrombin and collagen. In addition, plant vinegar showed inhibitory effects on the serotonin secretion induced by thrombin in a concentration dependent manner. However, treatment with plant vinegar to platelets did not induce any cytotoxicity, as determined by the release of lactate dehydrogenase. Plant vinegar did not change the coagulation parameters such as activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and prothrombin time (PT) using rat citrated plasma. In vivo study revealed that, treatment with plant vinegar prolonged the bleeding time from mouse tail. All these results suggest that plant vinegar might improve blood hemostasis mediated via anti platelet activities.

Anti-obesity Effect of Black Vinegar Fermented with Herbal Extracts

  • Lee, Dongsub;Park, Sangwook
    • Biomedical Science Letters
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.402-405
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    • 2017
  • Vinegar has been widely produced for a variety of industrial and domestic use as well as medicinal use. For sale of the commercial vinegar with herbal extracts, we produced an experimental black vinegar through sequential fermentation of alcohol, followed by acetic acid according to the manufacturer's procedure. To investigate the effect of anti-obesity of black vinegar on biochemical values, we evaluated enzyme activities via acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC), which plays a critical role in the lipid metabolism. We found that increased phosphorylated adenosine monophosphate (AMP) activated protein kinase (AMPK) and ACC in L6 mouse muscle cells treated with the manufactured vinegar. Based on the results, supplementation of experimental herbal black vinegar inactivates ACC, enhancing the phosphorylation of AMPK. Thus, the lipid oxidation and inhibitory effect of fatty acid synthesis by the black vinegar expects to facilitate the anti-obesity activity.