• Title, Summary, Keyword: viscous damping

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Wind tunnel experiments of a building model incorporating viscous-damping walls

  • Pan, Austin D.E.;Yeung, Ngai
    • Wind and Structures
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.261-276
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    • 2001
  • This paper presents an experimental study on the effectiveness of viscous-damping walls in controlling the wind-induced vibrations of a building model. A simple four-story building model, square in plan, was constructed for wind tunnel study. In this paper the description of the model, its instrumentation, and the experimental set-up and methodology are reported. The effectiveness of viscous-damping walls in reducing vibrations was investigated for different fluid levels in the walls, and at varying wind speeds and attack angles. The results show that viscous-damping walls are highly effective in most cases.

Experimental Study on Energy Dissipation Capacities of the Viscous Damping Wall (벽식점성감쇠기의 감쇠 성능에 관한 기초적인 연구)

  • 이장석;김남식;조강표
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.246-251
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    • 2003
  • This paper presents an experimental study on the energy dissipation characteristics of viscous damping wall (VDW). VDW is consisted of a plate floating in a thin case made of steel plated filled with highly viscous silicone oil. Because VDW demonstrates both viscous damping and stiffness characteristics, the viscous resisting force can be expressed as the sum of velocity dependant viscous damping force and displacement dependant restoring force. The viscous resisting force and energy absorbing capacity can be easily adjusted by changing three factors, i.e. viscosity of the fluid, gap distance and area of the wall plates. VDW was tested using a series of harmonic (sinusoidal) displacement history having different frequency and amplitude and the force-displacement relationship was recorded. The relationship between dissipated energy with three factors and the influence of exciting frequency on resisting force were Investigated

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An overview of the prediction methods for roll damping of ships

  • Falzarano, Jeffrey;Somayajula, Abhilash;Seah, Robert
    • Ocean Systems Engineering
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.55-76
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    • 2015
  • Of all the six degrees of freedom, the roll motion of a ship is the most poorly understood and displays complicated phenomena. Due to the low potential wave damping at the natural frequency, the effective analysis of ship roll dynamics comes down to the accurate estimation of the viscous roll damping. This paper provides overview of the importance of roll damping and an extensive literature review of the various viscous roll damping prediction methods applied by researchers over the years. The paper also discusses in detail the current state of the art estimation of viscous roll damping for ship shaped structures. A computer code is developed based on this method and its results are compared with experimental data to demonstrate the accuracy of the method. While some of the key references describing this method are not available in English, some others have been found to contain typographic errors. The objective of this paper is to provide a comprehensive summary of the state of the art method in one place for future reference.

Identification of Viscous and Friction Damping Using Free Vibration Response to SDOF System (단자유도계의 자유진동응답을 이용한 점성 및 마찰감쇠의 식별)

  • Lee, Sung-Kyung;Lee, Woong-Gu
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.305-310
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    • 2019
  • This paper proposes the method of exactly identifying both viscous and friction damping from free vibration response to SDOF structure. Both displacement and acceleration free vibration responses to SDOF system, in which both viscous and friction damping are considered as its damping mechanism, are discussed to verify the proposed method. The relationship for identifying both viscous and friction damping is derived from two consecutive amplitudes of displacement or acceleration peak response. The proposed method is verified through the numerical simulation for an assumed SDOF system consisting of mass, both viscous and friction damping and spring components.

A study on performance assessment of WEC rotor in the Jeju western waters

  • Poguluri, Sunny Kumar;Bae, Yoon Hyeok
    • Ocean Systems Engineering
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.361-380
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    • 2018
  • The dynamic performance of the wave energy converter (WEC) rotor with different geometric parameters such as depth of submergence and beak angle has been assessed by considering the linear potential flow theory using WAMIT solver and along with the computational fluid dynamics (CFD). The effect of viscous damping is incorporated by conducting numerical free decay test using CFD. The hydrodynamic coefficients obtained from the WAMIT, viscous damping from the CFD and estimated PTO damping are used to solve the equation of motion to obtain the final pitch response, mean optimal power and capture width. The viscous damping is almost 0.9 to 4.6 times when compared to the actual damping. It is observed that by neglecting the viscous damping the pitch response and power are overestimated when compared to the without viscous damping. The performance of the pitch WEC rotor in the Jeju western coast at the Chagwido is analyzed using Joint North Sea Wave Project (JONSWAP) spectrum and square-root of average extracted power is obtained. The performance of WEC rotor with depth of submergence 2.8 m and beak angle $60^{\circ}$ found to be good compared to the other rotors.

Transient response of vibration systems with viscous-hysteretic mixed damping using Hilbert transform and effective eigenvalues

  • Bae, S.H.;Jeong, W.B.;Cho, J.R.;Lee, J.H.
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.263-272
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents the time response of a mixed vibration system with the viscous damping and the hysteretic damping. There are two ways to derive the time response of such a vibration system. One is an analytical method, using the contour integral of complex functions to compute the inverse Fourier transforms. The other is an approximate method in which the analytic functions derived by Hilbert transform are expressed in the state space representation, and only the effective eigenvalues are used to efficiently compute the transient response. The unit impulse responses of the two methods are compared and the change in the damping properties which depend on the viscous and hysteretic damping values is investigated. The results showed that the damping properties of a mixed damping vibration system do not present themselves as a linear combination of damping properties.

Capacity spectrum method based on inelastic spectra for high viscous damped buildings

  • Bantilas, Kosmas E.;Kavvadias, Ioannis E.;Vasiliadis, Lazaros K.
    • Earthquakes and Structures
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.337-351
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    • 2017
  • In the present study a capacity spectrum method based on constant ductility inelastic spectra to estimate the seismic performance of structures equipped with elastic viscous dampers is presented. As the definition of the structures' effective damping, due to the damping system, is necessary, an alternative method to specify the effective damping ratio ${\xi}eff$ is presented. Moreover, damping reduction factors (B) are introduced to generate high damping elastic demand spectra. Given the elastic spectra for damping ratio ${\xi}eff$, the performance point of the structure can be obtained by relationships that relate the strength demand reduction factor (R) with the ductility demand factor (${\mu}$). As such expressions that link the above quantities, known as R - ${\mu}$ - Τ relationships, for different damping levels are presented. Moreover, corrective factors (Bv) for the pseudo-velocity spectra calculation are reported for different levels of damping and ductility in order to calculate with accuracy the values of the viscous dampers velocities. Finally, to evaluate the results of the proposed method, the whole process is applied to a four-storey reinforced concrete frame structure and to a six-storey steel structure, both equipped with elastic viscous dampers.

Potational Viscous Damping of On-substrate Micromirrors (기판에 인접한 미소거울의 회전 점성감쇠)

  • Kim, Eung-Sam;Han, Ki-Ho;Cho, Young-Ho;Kim, Moon-Uhn
    • The Transactions of the Korean Institute of Electrical Engineers C
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    • v.50 no.5
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    • pp.243-248
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    • 2001
  • In this paper, we present theoretical and experimental study on the viscous damping of the on-substrate torsional micromirrors, oscillating near the silicon substrates. In this theoretical study, we develop theoretical models and test structures for the viscous damping of the on-substrate torsional micromirrors. From a finite element analysis, we estimate the theoretical damping coefficients of the torsional micromirrors. From a finite element analysis, we estimate the theoretical damping coefficients of the torsional micromirrors, fabricated by the surface-micromaching process. From the electrostatic test of the fabricated devices, frequency-dependent rotationalvelocity of the micromirrors has been measured at the atmospheric pressure using devices, frequency-dependent rotational velocity of the micromirrors has been measured at the atmospheric pressure using the Mach-Zehnder interferometer system. Experimental damping coefficients have been extracted from the least square fit of the measured rotational velocity within the filter bandwidth of 150 kHz. We have compared the theoretical values and the experimental results on the dynamic performance of the micromirrors. The theoretical analysis overstimates the resonant frequency in the amount of 15%, while underestimating the viscous damping in the factors of 10%.

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Performance evaluation of inerter-based damping devices for structural vibration control of stay cables

  • Huang, Zhiwen;Hua, Xugang;Chen, Zhengqing;Niu, Huawei
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.615-626
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    • 2019
  • Inerter-based damping devices (IBBDs), which consist of inerter, spring and viscous damper, have been extensively investigated in vehicle suspension systems and demonstrated to be more effective than the traditional control devices with spring and viscous damper only. In the present study, the control performance on cable vibration reduction was studied for four different inerter-based damping devices, namely the parallel-connected viscous mass damper (PVMD), series-connected viscous mass damper (SVMD), tuned inerter dampers (TID) and tuned viscous mass damper (TVMD). Firstly the mechanism of the ball screw inerter is introduced. Then the state-space formulation of the cable-TID system is derived as an example for the cable-IBBDs system. Based on the complex modal analysis, single-mode cable vibration control analysis is conducted for PVMD, SVMD, TID and TVMD, and their optimal parameters and the maximum attainable damping ratios of the cable/damper system are obtained for several specified damper locations and modes in combination by the Nelder-Mead simplex algorithm. Lastly, optimal design of PVMD is developed for multi-mode vibration control of cable, and the results of damping ratio analysis are validated through the forced vibration analysis in a case study by numerical simulation. The results show that all the four inerter-based damping devices significantly outperform the viscous damper for single-mode vibration control. In the case of multi-mode vibration control, PVMD can provide more damping to the first four modes of cable than the viscous damper does, and their maximum control forces under resonant frequency of harmonic forced vibration are nearly the same. The results of this study clearly demonstrate the effectiveness and advantages of PVMD in cable vibration control.

Multi-Objective Optimal Distributions of Viscous Dampers for Vibration Control of Adjacent Twin Structures (인접한 쌍둥이 구조물의 진동제어를 위한 점성 감쇠기의 다목적 최적 분포)

  • Ryu, Seonho;Ok, Seung-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2018
  • This study proposes a new vibration control approach for adjacent twin structures, which is termed as viscous damper asymmetric coupling system in this paper. The proposed system takes a concept that the diagonal bracing viscous dampers are asymmetrically distributed in two buildings to break the behavior symmetry of the twin buildings and then the coupling viscous damper is additionally installed at the top floor of the two buildings to couple both buildings and interactively transfer the asymmetric behavior-caused damping forces into both buildings. These asymmetric damping distributions and interacting damping forces of the connection damper efficiently suppress the overall vibration of the damper-coupled adjacent twin buildings efficiently. Genetic algorithm (GA) based multi-objective optimization technique is adopted for optimal design of the proposed system. In the numerical example of adjacent twin 10-story building structures, the conventional control approach, that is, uniform damping distribution system (UDS) is also taken into account for comparison purpose. The optimization results verify that the proposed system either can improve the control performance over the UDS with the same damping capacity, or can save the damping capacity significantly while maintaining the similar level of control performance to the UDS.