• Title, Summary, Keyword: vitamin C

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Vitamin C Intake and Serum Leverls in Smoking College Students (흡연대학생의 비타민 C 섭취량과 혈청수준)

  • 박정아
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.122-133
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    • 1996
  • As ciarette smoking adversely affects vitamin C metabolism in humans, smokers need substantially more vitamin C intake than do non-smokers to achieve similar serum vitamin C concentration. To provide the basic information currently available for the determination of vitamin C requirement for Korean smokers, we investigated the differences the serum vitamin C values between smokers(n=53) and non-smokers(n=62) in relation to their intake of the vitamin through diet in 115 male college students, who had not been using vitamin C supplements. Dietary intakes of vitamin C were determined by a 24-hour recall, and serum vitamin C was determined using the 2, 4-dinitrophenylhydrazine method. The mean vitamin C intakes of smokers and non-smokers were consuming less than 75% of the Koeran RDA for vitamin c in their diet. Smokers consumed yellow and green leafy vegetables more often (P=0.02) and fresh fruits less often(P=0.006) than non-smokers. The mean serum vitamin C concentration of smokers consuming the same amounts of vitamine C as non-smokers, 64.3 umol/1, were 20% lower than for non-smokers, 80.1 umol/l(P<0.05). The risk of low serum vitamin C concentration (LoC) among smokers were 3.8% compared with 1.6% in non-smokers, and the odd ratio for LoC risk was 2.43. There were no correlations between dietary and serum vitamin C for smokers and non-smokers. It was concluded that smokers might require at least 20% more vitamin C to reach the same concentration comparable to non-smokers.

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The Role of Vitamin C and Vitamin E Supplementation on Iron Contents and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress in Blood, Liver and Brain of Aging Rats (나이에 따른 흰쥐의 혈액, 간, 뇌조직의 철분함량, 산화 스트레스 지표에 대한 비타민 C 와 비타민 E공급의 역할)

  • 황은희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.507-516
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation on the iron contents and oxidative stress of the rats. Rats were fed 18g ascorbic acid and 300IU $\alpha$-tocopherol/kg diet, respectively. Rats were sacrificed at 1, 3, 5 and 7 month of age. The blood, liver and brain were selected for the quantitation of iron and malondialdehyde(MDA) contents, glutathione peroxidase(GSHPx), superoxided dismutase(SOD) and catalase(CAT) activity. Iron and MDA contents and GSHPx activities were increased with aging. Vitamin C and Vitamin E supplementation increased iron contents of the plasma. Vitamin C raised iron contents, but vitamin E decreased iron contents of the liver. In the brain vitamin C and vitamin E did not affect the iron level. MDA levels were decreased with vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation in the erythrocyte and liver, and vitamin C supplementation elevated MDA levels in the brain. GSHPx activity was increased with vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation. SOD activities of erythroucyte and brain were not affected with age, but in the liver, SOD activity was raised with age and vitamin C supplementation. Vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation promoted CAT activity of erythroucyte and liver, and CAT activity of brain was eleveated with vitamin addition but was decreaed with vitamin E addition. Vitamin C and vitamin E decreased iron contents of blood plasma, MDA contents of plasma and liver, and CAT activity of erythrocyte. Above results indicated that iron contents and biomarkers of oxidative stress were more affected by age than antioxidant action of vitamin C and vitamin E.

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Effects of Dietary Vitamin C and E on Carcass Grade and Fatty Acid Composition of Hanwoo Steers (비타민 C 및 E 급여가 한우 거세우의 도체등급과 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chu, G.M.;Ahn, B.H.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.387-396
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    • 2004
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of dietary vitamin C and E on carcass characteristics of Hanwoo steers. Thirty seven Hanwoo steers were randomly assigned to one of four treatments. The four treatments were control(vitamin E 20 IU/kg feed), vitamin C(vitamin C 0.1%/kg feed and vitamin E 20 IU/kg feed), vitamin E(vitamin E 220 IU/kg feed) and vitamin C plus E(vitamin C 0.1%/kg feed and vitamin E 220 IU/kg feed). Hanwoo steers were fed experimental diets for 3 months of the last finishing period. Animals fed the diet containing vitamin C plus E had higher(P<0.05) yield grade than those fed the other diets but quality grade was not different between animals fed the control diet and vitamin-supplemented diets. Proximate analysis in longissimus dorsi was not different between animals fed the control diet and vitamin-supplemented diets. Vitamin C concentration in longissimus dorsi was higher (P<0.05) in the animals fed the vitamin C diet and the vitamin C plus E diet than in those fed the control diet and the vitamin E diet. Vitamin E concentration in longissimus dorsi was higher(P<0.05) in the animals fed the diet supplemented with vitamin E and the diet supplemented with vitamin C plus E than in those fed the control diet and the vitamin C diet. Animals fed the diet supplemented with vitamin C was higher(P<0.05) in myristic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid and oleic acid in the longissimus dorsi than those fed the other diets, but linoleic acid in longissimus dorsi was higher(P<0.05) in the animals fed the vitamin E diet than those fed the other diets. However, saturated fatty acid and unsaturated fatty acid were not different between animals fed the control diet and vitamin-supplemented diets.

Association between Vitamin C Nutritional Status and Blood Lead Level in Korean Male Lead Workers

  • Kim, Hee-Seon
    • Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2004
  • A cross-sectional epidemiologic study was conducted to evaluate vitamin C nutritional status by assessing dietary intake and blood vitamin C level and to identify the relationships between dietary vitamin C intake, serum vitamin C level and blood lead level in Korean lead workers. The study population was 118 lead workers from two battery manufacturing factories and 63 non-lead-exposed controls. A food consumption survey was conducted by the 24-hr recall method to determine the dietary vitamin C intake level. The anthropometric measurements, blood collection, and survey were performed between September and November, 2000. Blood lead levels and serum vitamin C levels were measured using an atomic absorption spectrometer and high performance liquid chromatography, respectively. Vitamin C nutritional status of Korean lead workers was lower than that of the control group, in terms of both dietary intake and the biochemical index: the mean daily dietary intake level of vitamin C of lead workers was 65.9mg (94% RDA), while that of controls was 132.6mg(189% RDA) ; and the serum vitamin C status of lead workers (0.10mg/dl) was significantly lower than that of controls (1.08mg/dl ; p<0.001). Both dietary vitamin C intake and serum vitamin C levels showed a significant negative correlation with blood lead level (p<0.001), which indicates that strategies of dietary management to promote the health of Korean lead workers should focus on promoting the vitamin C intakes of individuals.

Effects of Vitamin E and Vitamin C Supplementation on the Decrease in Cognitive Function Induced by Scopolamin (비타민 E와 비타민 C 첨가가 Scopolamine에 의한 인지능력 감퇴에 미치는 영향)

  • 안향숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.239-247
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    • 1999
  • With the increasing elderly population in Korea, dementia has become a mojor health problem in Korea. Several studies have been conducted on the association between dementia and dietary intake, especially vitamin E and vitamin C. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamin E and vitamin C supplementation on the decrease in cognitive function induced by scopolamine(300mg/kg) in rats. Rats were divided into three groups : control, vitamin C, and vitamin E supplementation(2.4g Vit C or Vit E /100g diet) and fed the diets for 6 weeks. There were significant decreases in active avoidance response and brain acetylcholinesterase activity in the control group, but no significant differences were observed in the vitamin E and C groups after scopolamine treatment. Brain dopamine concentration of vitamin E and C groups was significantly higher than those of control group after scopolamine injection. The concentrations of brain norepinephrine also showed similar tendence, even though it was not statistically significant. These results indicate that vitamin E and vitamin C may protect against the cognitive function decrease induced by scopolamine. However, it is still unclear how vitamin E and C influence brain neurotransmitters and improve cognitive function. Further study is need to elucidate the role of vitamin E and C supplementation in the prevention of dementia.

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The Analysis of Vitamin C Concentration in Organs of $Gulo^{-/-}$ Mice Upon Vitamin C Withdrawal

  • Kim, Hye-Min;Bae, Se-Yeon;Yu, Yeon-Sil;Kim, Ye-Jin;Kim, Hang-Rae;Hwang, Young-Il;Kang, Jae-Seung;Lee, Wang-Jae
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.18-26
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    • 2012
  • Background: Vitamin C is an essential nutrient for maintaining human life. Vitamin C insufficiency in the plasma is closely related with the development of scurvy. However, in vivo kinetics of vitamin C regarding its storage and consumption is still largely unknown. Methods: We used $Gulo^{-/-}$ mice, which cannot synthesize vitamin C like human. Vitamin C level in plasma and organs from $Gulo^{-/-}$ mice was examined, and it compared with the level of wild-type mice during 5 weeks. Results: The significant weight loss of $Gulo^{-/-}$ mice was shown at 3 weeks after vitamin C withdrawal. However, there was no differences between wild-type and vitamin C-supplemented $Gulo^{-/-}$ mice (3.3 g/L in drinking water). The concentration of vitamin C in plasma and organs was significantly decreased at 1 week after vitamin C withdrawal. Vitamin C is preferentially deposited in adrenal gland, lymph node, lung, and brain. There were no significant changes in the numbers and CD4/CD8 ratio of splenocytes in $Gulo^{-/-}$ mice with vitamin C withdrawal for 4 weeks. And the architecture of spleen in $Gulo^{-/-}$ mice was disrupted at 5 weeks after vitamin C withdrawal. Conclusion: The vitamin C level of $Gulo^{-/-}$ mice was considerably decreased from 1 week after vitamin C withdrawal. Vitamin C is preferentially stored in some organs such as brain, adrenal gland and lung.

Vitamin C Is an Essential Factor on the Anti-viral Immune Responses through the Production of Interferon-${\alpha}/{\beta}$ at the Initial Stage of Influenza A Virus (H3N2) Infection

  • Kim, Yejin;Kim, Hyemin;Bae, Seyeon;Choi, Jiwon;Lim, Sun Young;Lee, Naeun;Kong, Joo Myung;Hwang, Young-Il;Kang, Jae Seung;Lee, Wang Jae
    • IMMUNE NETWORK
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.70-74
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    • 2013
  • L-ascorbic acid (vitamin C) is one of the well-known antiviral agents, especially to influenza virus. Since the in vivo antiviral effect is still controversial, we investigated whether vitamin C could regulate influenza virus infection in vivo by using Gulo (-/-) mice, which cannot synthesize vitamin C like humans. First, we found that vitamin C-insufficient Gulo (-/-) mice expired within 1 week after intranasal inoculation of influenza virus (H3N2/Hongkong). Viral titers in the lung of vitamin C-insufficient Gulo (-/-) mice were definitely increased but production of anti-viral cytokine, interferon (IFN)-${\alpha}/{\beta}$, was decreased. On the contrary, the infiltration of inflammatory cells into the lung and production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-${\alpha}$ and interleukin (IL)-${\alpha}/{\beta}$, were increased in the lung. Taken together, vitamin C shows in vivo antiviral immune responses at the early time of infection, especially against influenza virus, through increased production of IFN-${\alpha}/{\beta}$.

Effects of Vitamin C Supplementation on Immune Status in Smoking and Nonsmoking Male College Students (흡연자에 있어 비타민 C 보충이 면역능력에 미치는 영향)

  • 김우경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.8
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    • pp.1244-1253
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    • 1998
  • This study investigated the effects of vitamin C supplementation on immune status in smoking and nonsmoking male college students. Blood samples were obtained from 15 healthy smoking and from 15 healthy nonsmoking volunteers before and 4 weeks after vitamin C supplementation (1000mg/day). Daily nutrient intakes was also calculated. Plasma vitamin C, E, and A concentrations, white blood cells and subpopulations, lymphocytes and subpopulations, NK cell percentage,plasma immunoglobulin A, G, M and complement C3, plasma interleukin-2 , and prostagladin E2 were measured . Daily vitamin C consumption was lower in smokers than in nonsmokers. Vitamin C supplementation significantly increased plasma vitamin C in smokers, and increased NK cell percentage in smokers and nonsmokers. Plasma IL-2 concentrations were significantly increased by vitamin C supplementation in nonsmokers, and decreased helpe $r^pressor T cell ratio were decreased by vitamin C supplementatiion , but the differences were not significant. White blood cells and subpopulation percentage and plasma prostaglandin E2 concentration were not affected by smoking and vitamin C supplementation. These findings as nonsmokers.rs.

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Effect of Antioxidant Vitamin Supplementation on Plasma Lipid Pattern in Smoking College Men (항산화성 비타민 보충 급여가 흡연자의 혈중 지질 양상에 미치는 영향)

  • 이성숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.297-304
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    • 1998
  • Cigarette smoking is a well known risk factor for cardiovascular disease and has negative effects on blood lipid and lipoprotein . Some of the associations between smoking and chronic disease can be attributed to the less healthful lifestyles of smokers. A large body of epidemiologic evidence suggests inverse relationships between ischemic heart disease and plasma vitamin C and E concentrations . Smokers have lower plasma concentrations of these vitamins than do nonsmokers. Smokers therefore need antioxidant vitamin supplementation. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect vitamin supplementation on plasma lipid patterns in smoking college men. 24subjects were divided into 3 groups of which were the vitamin C supplementation group (n=8), the vitamin E supplementation group(n=8) and the vitamin C+E supplementation group(n=8). The vitamin C supplementation group consumed 500mg of ascorbic acid, the vitamin E supplementation group consumed 200IU of D-$\alpha$-tocopherol, and the vitamin C+E supplementation group consumed 500mg of ascorbic acid+ 200IU of D-$\alpha$-tocopherol for 4 weeks. We examined the plasma lipid patterns before and after the vitamins were supplemented. The results obtained were as follows ; In the vitamin C supplementation group, the concentration of total cholesterol decreased significantly and HDL-cholesterol increased significantly with the supplementation of vitamin. In the vitamin E and vitamin C+E supplementation groups, however, there were no significant differences observed with the supplementation of vitamin. Concentration of plasma LDL, triglyceride, free fatty acid were not significantly affected by the supplementation of vitamin in all groups. In terms of plasma fatty acid composition, the concentrations of saturated fatty acid were not significantly affected by the supplementation of vitamin in all groups. The concentrations of palmitoleic acid, arachidonic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid, however, significantly increased in the vitamin E supplementation group(p<0.05). The concentration of plasma linoleic acid significantly increased in the vitamin C+ E supplementation group)(p<0.05). The results of this study show that antioxidant vitamin supplementation in smokers has a tendency to decrease coronary heart disease risk in view of the plasma total cholestrol and HDL-cholesterol concentrations of the vitamin C supplementation group and fatty acid concentration of the vitamin E supplementation group.

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Effect of Vitamin C and E on Hepatic Biliary and Microsomal Function in Hepatic Ischemia/reperfusion

  • Kim, Soon-Ae;Seo, Min-Young;Cho, Tai-Soon;Lee, Sun-Mee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Applied Pharmacology
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    • pp.205-205
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    • 1996
  • 본 실험은 간장허혈 및 재관류시 야기되는 간장 손상에 대해 vitamin C와 E 각각의 효과와 이들의 병용효과를 알아보고자 하였다. 실험군은 흰쥐에 vitamin E(25mg/kg)를 실험전 3일간 투여한 군, vitamin C(100mg/kg)를 실험 5분전 경정맥주사한 군 및 vitamin C와 E의 병용 투여군등의 3군으로 하여 각각에 허혈을 유발시킨 후 (60분) 재관류 1시간, 5시간에 간세포 손상정도(AI.T, AST, liver wet-weight to dry-weight ratio), 지질과산화(MDA), 담즙분비변동(bile flow, bilirubin, cholate output) 및 약물대사효소계의 변동(cytochrome P$_{450}$, aminopyrine-N-demethylase, aniline p-hydroxylase activity) 등을 관찰하였다. 실험결과로는 허혈 및 재관류로 인한 ALT, AST MDA는 재관류 5시간에 최고치를 이루었으며 이는 vitamin C와 vitamin E의 각각 투여로 억제되었고, 특히 vitamin C와 E의 병용투여로 더욱 현저하게 억제되었다. 간세포 부종의 지표인 liver wet-weight to dry-weight ratio도 vitamin C와 E의 병용투어로 유의성있게 억제되었다. 담즙분비량 및 담즙산량은 vitamin C 투여와 vitamin C와 E 병용투여로 허혈 및 재관류로 감소된 양을 증가시켰고, 특히 vitamin C와 E의 병용투여는 담즙분비량에 있어 현저한 상승을 나타내었다. 허혈 및 재관류로 인한 cytochrome P$_{450}$양의 감소와 aminopyrine N-demethylase 활성의 억제는 vitamin C 투여와 vitamin C와 E의 병용투여에 의해 유의성 있게 증가하였다. 이상의 결과로 보아 vitamin C와 vitamin E는 각각 허혈 및 재관류로 인한 간장손상을 완화시켰으며 특히 vitamin C와 E의 병용투여는 상승적으로 적용하여 간세포손상을 더욱 억제시킴을 알 수 있었다.

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