• Title, Summary, Keyword: vitamin E

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Effects of Dietary Vitamin C and E on Carcass Grade and Fatty Acid Composition of Hanwoo Steers (비타민 C 및 E 급여가 한우 거세우의 도체등급과 지방산 조성에 미치는 영향)

  • Chu, G.M.;Ahn, B.H.
    • Journal of Animal Science and Technology
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.387-396
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    • 2004
  • This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of dietary vitamin C and E on carcass characteristics of Hanwoo steers. Thirty seven Hanwoo steers were randomly assigned to one of four treatments. The four treatments were control(vitamin E 20 IU/kg feed), vitamin C(vitamin C 0.1%/kg feed and vitamin E 20 IU/kg feed), vitamin E(vitamin E 220 IU/kg feed) and vitamin C plus E(vitamin C 0.1%/kg feed and vitamin E 220 IU/kg feed). Hanwoo steers were fed experimental diets for 3 months of the last finishing period. Animals fed the diet containing vitamin C plus E had higher(P<0.05) yield grade than those fed the other diets but quality grade was not different between animals fed the control diet and vitamin-supplemented diets. Proximate analysis in longissimus dorsi was not different between animals fed the control diet and vitamin-supplemented diets. Vitamin C concentration in longissimus dorsi was higher (P<0.05) in the animals fed the vitamin C diet and the vitamin C plus E diet than in those fed the control diet and the vitamin E diet. Vitamin E concentration in longissimus dorsi was higher(P<0.05) in the animals fed the diet supplemented with vitamin E and the diet supplemented with vitamin C plus E than in those fed the control diet and the vitamin C diet. Animals fed the diet supplemented with vitamin C was higher(P<0.05) in myristic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid and oleic acid in the longissimus dorsi than those fed the other diets, but linoleic acid in longissimus dorsi was higher(P<0.05) in the animals fed the vitamin E diet than those fed the other diets. However, saturated fatty acid and unsaturated fatty acid were not different between animals fed the control diet and vitamin-supplemented diets.

The Role of Vitamin C and Vitamin E Supplementation on Iron Contents and Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress in Blood, Liver and Brain of Aging Rats (나이에 따른 흰쥐의 혈액, 간, 뇌조직의 철분함량, 산화 스트레스 지표에 대한 비타민 C 와 비타민 E공급의 역할)

  • 황은희
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.507-516
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    • 2000
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation on the iron contents and oxidative stress of the rats. Rats were fed 18g ascorbic acid and 300IU $\alpha$-tocopherol/kg diet, respectively. Rats were sacrificed at 1, 3, 5 and 7 month of age. The blood, liver and brain were selected for the quantitation of iron and malondialdehyde(MDA) contents, glutathione peroxidase(GSHPx), superoxided dismutase(SOD) and catalase(CAT) activity. Iron and MDA contents and GSHPx activities were increased with aging. Vitamin C and Vitamin E supplementation increased iron contents of the plasma. Vitamin C raised iron contents, but vitamin E decreased iron contents of the liver. In the brain vitamin C and vitamin E did not affect the iron level. MDA levels were decreased with vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation in the erythrocyte and liver, and vitamin C supplementation elevated MDA levels in the brain. GSHPx activity was increased with vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation. SOD activities of erythroucyte and brain were not affected with age, but in the liver, SOD activity was raised with age and vitamin C supplementation. Vitamin C and vitamin E supplementation promoted CAT activity of erythroucyte and liver, and CAT activity of brain was eleveated with vitamin addition but was decreaed with vitamin E addition. Vitamin C and vitamin E decreased iron contents of blood plasma, MDA contents of plasma and liver, and CAT activity of erythrocyte. Above results indicated that iron contents and biomarkers of oxidative stress were more affected by age than antioxidant action of vitamin C and vitamin E.

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Effect of Dietary Vitamin E supplement and Kinds of Lipid on the Serum vitamin E Concentration and Lipid Composition (지질의 종류를 달리하였을 때 식이내 Vitamin E 첨가가 흰쥐의 혈청 Vitamin E 농도 및 지질성분에 미치는 영향)

  • 박귀선
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.38-45
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    • 1987
  • This study was performed to investigate the effect of dietary vitamin E supplement and kinds of lipid on the vitamin E concentration and lipid composition in serum of the rats fed fro seven weeks. Supplemented vitamin E was 300mg/kg diet as DL-α-tocopherol acetate, and 15% of corn oil or beef tallow was added to standard diet. The results were as follows ; 1) Body weight and feed efficiency ratio were significantly increased by supplement with vitamin E, corn oil and beef tallow. 2) Serum vitamin E concentration increased significantly by supplement of vitamin E and beef tallow on the diets, while one of corn oil fed group decreased significantly . 3) The contents of triglyceride, total cholesterol, phospholipid in serum were significantly increased in the beef tallow group, and the vitamin E only -supplemented group showed significantly lower serum cholesterol in serum increased significantly in the vitamin E only -fed group and vitamin E plus corn oil-fed group. 4) The content of HDL-cholesterol in serum increased significantly in the vitamin E only -fed group and vitmain e plus corn oil -fed group. 5) The ratio of VLDL, LDL-cholesterol content to HDL-cholesterol one in serum was significantly low in the vitamin E only-supplemented group and corn oil group, and was significantly higher in the beef tallow group than in the corn oil group.

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Evaluation of Vitamin E Adequacy of Group of Rural(Amish) People in U.S.A (미국농촌에 살고 있는 Amish 집단의 비타민 E 영양상태에 대한 평가)

  • 노희경
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.207-214
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    • 1990
  • Amish 집단(미국 오하이오주 홈스카운터 거주)의 vitamin E 영양상태를 24시간 회상법, 영양보충제의 사용량 조사 colorimetric법에 의한 혈장 vitamin E의 분석으로 평가하였다 평균식이 섭취 vitamin E는 7.4mg a-tocopherol equivalent였으며 평균 181.4 IU는 영양보충제로 섭취했다 전체 vitamin E의 67.7% 는 식이를 통해 섭취했으며 32.4%는 영양보충제를 복용함으로 섭취했다 평균 혈장 vitamin E 농도는 13.4mg/ml였다 혈장 vitamin E와 영양제로 복용한 vitamin E 사이에는 유의적인 상관과계가(r=0.489 p=0.0001)를 보여주었고 혈장 vitamin E와 연령과도 상관관계(r-0.216, p=0.0017)가 있었다 Amish 집단의 vitamin E 영양상태는 충분했으며 이집단 중의 어떤 자들은 고단위의 다량의 vitamin E 영양제를 복용하고 있어 vitamin E에 대한 올바른 정보를 알려주고 효율적인 영양교육을 시킬 필요성이 요청되었다.

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Vitamin E: α-Tocopherol and the Other Forms of Vitamin E (비타민 E: α-토코페롤 대 그외 비타민 E)

  • Cho, Sung-Hee
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.304-314
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    • 2010
  • Vitamin E has been a generic term for all tocopherol and tocotrienol derivatives. The most active form of vitamin E isoforms in vivo is regarded to be $\alpha$-tocopherol which is the only form defined as vitamin E in the US Food and Nutrition Board, causing controversy over setting dietary reference intake (DRI) of vitamin E. However, most of the countries other than the US maintain the original concept that all isoforms are accepted as vitamin E but with different biopotency. The roles of the isoforms of vitamin E other than $\alpha$-tocopherol have received continuous attention. Among them those of $\gamma$-tocopherol and $\alpha$-tocotrienol have been most studied in comparison with $\alpha$-tocopherol, since $\gamma$-tocopherol comprises major form of vitamin E in many plant seeds and those of the both vitamin E have been implicated in unique physiological functions. This review summarizes findings that have led a better understanding of vitamin E absorption, transport, tissue storage and various functions common and specific to vitamin E isoforms focusing $\alpha$- and $\gamma$-tocopherol as well as tocotrienols. It is expected to help redefining vitamin E and setting its DRI for Koreans.

The Entrapment of Vitamin E Acetate in Porous Spheres (다공성 미소구체 중 초산토코페롤의 봉입에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Yoon-Jeong;Bae, Bong-Jin;Lee, Kyu-Sik;Chun, In-Koo
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.51-55
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    • 1991
  • Porous spheres composed of natural waxes and inorganic materials containing vitamin E acetate as a drug were prepared by impregnation method. Furthermore, the amount of vitamin E acetate entrapped in the spheres and the release rate of vitamin E acetate from the spheres were studied. The impregnation of vitamin E acetate was carried out by dipping the spheres in vitamin E acetate solutions. Entrapment mechanism of vitamin E acetate could be expressed in terms of Langmuir's adsorption isotherm. The amount of vitamin E acetate entrapped in porous spheres was influenced by the structure and concentration of the polymer used in vitamin E acetate solutions, and the concentration of vitamin E acetate. Release characteristics of vitamin E acetate from the spheres were investigated by withdrawing samples periodically and analyzing them by spectrophotomer.

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Effects of Vitamin E and Vitamin C Supplementation on the Decrease in Cognitive Function Induced by Scopolamin (비타민 E와 비타민 C 첨가가 Scopolamine에 의한 인지능력 감퇴에 미치는 영향)

  • 안향숙
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.239-247
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    • 1999
  • With the increasing elderly population in Korea, dementia has become a mojor health problem in Korea. Several studies have been conducted on the association between dementia and dietary intake, especially vitamin E and vitamin C. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of vitamin E and vitamin C supplementation on the decrease in cognitive function induced by scopolamine(300mg/kg) in rats. Rats were divided into three groups : control, vitamin C, and vitamin E supplementation(2.4g Vit C or Vit E /100g diet) and fed the diets for 6 weeks. There were significant decreases in active avoidance response and brain acetylcholinesterase activity in the control group, but no significant differences were observed in the vitamin E and C groups after scopolamine treatment. Brain dopamine concentration of vitamin E and C groups was significantly higher than those of control group after scopolamine injection. The concentrations of brain norepinephrine also showed similar tendence, even though it was not statistically significant. These results indicate that vitamin E and vitamin C may protect against the cognitive function decrease induced by scopolamine. However, it is still unclear how vitamin E and C influence brain neurotransmitters and improve cognitive function. Further study is need to elucidate the role of vitamin E and C supplementation in the prevention of dementia.

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Lipid Peroxidation and Vitamins E and A Levels in Tissues of Rats Fed Fish Oil or Soybean Oil Supplemented with Vitamin E (비타민 E 수준을 달리한 어유 또는 대두유를 먹인 흰쥐 조직의 지질과산화와 비타임 E 및 A 상태)

  • Choi Yong-Sun
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.28 no.10
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    • pp.967-975
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    • 1995
  • To investigate effects of dietary fish oil and vitamin E level on the tissue levels of vitamin E and vitamin A and to see which tissue is sensitive to lipid peroxidizability, male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed experimental diets composed of either menhaden oil or soybean oil nad either low(equivalent to 17 mg $\alpha$-tocopherol) or high (equivalent to 140mg $\alpha$-tocopherol) vitamin E level for 4 weeks. Palsma TBARS per mg lipid was significantly elevated in rats fed fish oil with low vitamin E level compared to soybean oil-fed rats. TBARS levels of liver, heart, kidney and liver microsomes were also increased by feeding fish oil with low vitamin E level. Plasma TBARS level was significantly correlated with TBARS levels of liver, heart, kidney and liver microsome. Plasma vitamin E level of groups with vitamin E supplementation was elevated significantly as compared to the those without vitamin E supplementation, whereas vitamin E levels of liver, heart and kidney were not changed significantly. Plasma TBARS was negatively correlated with plasma vitamin E(r=0.5763, P<0.001) and A(r=-0.4523, P<0.01) and seems to be a good indicator of in vivo lipid peroxidative stress.

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Protective Effects of Vitamin E on Chronic Paraquat Toxicosis (Vitamin E의 Paraquat에 대한 저항성)

  • 조종후;남궁석;신광순
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.143-149
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    • 1986
  • Paraquat의 만성독성에 대한 vitamin E 급여의 효과를 조사하기 위하여 랫드에 paraquat를 50 ppm의 농도로 희석한 물을 음수 대신 투여하면서 vitamin E 함유 사료를 급여하여 paraquat에 대한 vitamin E의 방어 효과를 측정하였는 바 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1.혈장 vitamin E 농도는 사료 kg 당 10 mg까지의 vitamin E 함유 사료의 급여로 약 150$\mu\textrm{g}$/100ml까지 급격히 상승하였으며 그 후 급여량의 증가에도 비교적 안정된 혈중 농도를 유지하였고, 또한 paraquat 투여는 vitamin E 급여량에 관계없이 혈중 vitamin E 농도의 감소를 가져왔다. 2. 간저장 vitamin E 농도는 혈장 vitamin E 농도와 달리 급여량의 증가에 따라 비례하여 증가하는 경향을 보였으며 paraquat 투여에 의한 영향이 적었다. 3. Paraquat 투여는 적혈구 용혈율을 크게 증가시켰음 (95%), 100$\mu\textrm{g}$/100ml 이상의 vitamin E 혈장 농도에서는 안정된 적혈구 용혈율 (10% 이하)을 나타내었다. 4. Paraquat 투여는 혈장 trypsin inhibitor capacity를 크게 증가시켰으며, vitamin E 급여에 의하여 다소 회복되는 경향을 보였으나 정상에 이르지 못하였다. 5. 혈장 및 적혈구 glutathione peroxidase 활성은 paraquat 투여에 의하여 영향을 받지 않았다. 6. paraquat 투여 후의 lipid peroxide는 vitamin E의 급여로 감소되었다.

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Effects of Excess Vitamin E and Cholesterol Supplements on Levels of Vitamin E and Cholesterol in Rat Serum and Liver (과량의 비타민 E 및 Cholesterol 첨가식이가 흰쥐의 혈청과 간의 비타민 E 및 Cholesterol 농도에 미치는 영향)

  • Hwang, K.D.;Kim, H.M.;Kim, J.M.;Lee, Y.C.
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 1985
  • The present study was undertaken to investigate the effects of excess vitamin E supple-mentation (0.5%) and cholesterol (0.5%) on levels of serum and liver vitamin E and cholesterol in two categories of rats, group A and group B. Rats in group A(45-65g) were fed experimental diets for 3 weeks ( I-C, II-E, III-Ch, IV-ECh). On the other hand rats in group B(45g-65g) were first fed control diet for 3 weeks and then fed experimental diets when they were 100-l20g for the subsequent 3 weeks ( I'-C, II'-E, III'-Ch, & IV'-ECh). The levels of serum vitamin E were higher in vitamin supplemented groups as expected. Dietary cholesterol showed a tendency to lower serum vitamin E levels of vitamin E supplemented groups. Serum cholesterol levels tended to stay in a narrow range showing resistancy to dietary cholesterol and were not affected by vitamin E status. Whereas vitamin E supplementation seemed to lower the levels of hepatic cholesterol in both groups A & B( I-C, I'-C vs II-E, II'-E ), simultaneous supplementation of vitamin E with 0.5% cholesterol appeared to increase further the hepatic cholesterol levels which were already increased by cholesterol feeding ( IV-ECh, IV'-ECh, vs III- Ch, III'-Ch). Hepatic vitamin A levels decreased as rats grew older during the experimental period. Even though vitamin A levels did not differ from each other significantly, excess amount of vitamin E supplementation in group B seemed to show a tendency to decrease the vitamin A storage in liver.

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