• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile compounds

Search Result 2,060, Processing Time 0.048 seconds

Effects of ${\gamma}$-Irradiation on the Volatile Organic Compounds from Cuscutae Semen (Cuscuta chinensis Lam) (감마선 조사가 기능성 식품 소재인 토사자의 휘발성 유기성분에 미치는 영향)

  • Yang, Su-Hyeong;Kim, Kyong-Su
    • Journal of the Chosun Natural Science
    • /
    • v.1 no.2
    • /
    • pp.115-121
    • /
    • 2008
  • This study was performed to examine the effect of ${\gamma}$-irradiation on the volatile organic compounds of Cuscutae Semen (Cuscuta chinensis L.). The volatile organic compounds of non-irradiated and 10 kGy ${\gamma}$-irradiated Cuscutae Semen were isolated using SDE apparatus and analyzed by GC/MS. Limonene, ethanol, (E)-2-decenal, hexadecanol, nonanoic acid and nonanal were detected as dominant compounds. Before irradiation, the total concentration of volatile organic compounds of Cuscutae Semen was approximately 189.90 mg/kg. After irradiation at 10 kGy, total concentrations increased to 299.46 mg/kg, but, the profile of volatile compounds including the essential oils of Cuscutae Semen was not differ from non- and irradiated sample. Therefore it was improved the extraction yield of useful compounds such as limonene, menthol, piperitone and isomenthone by irradiation.

  • PDF

Comparison on Volatile Flavor Compounds in Cultivated and Wild Pimpinella brachycarpa

  • Choi, Nam-Soon
    • Food Quality and Culture
    • /
    • v.2 no.2
    • /
    • pp.67-72
    • /
    • 2008
  • The volatile flavor compounds of wild and cultivated chamnamul (Pimpinella brachycarpa), an aromatic medicinal plant, were isolated via the simultaneous distillation extraction method and analyzed by GC and GC-MSD. From the oils of the wild chamnamul, 56 volatile flavor compounds were identified, and the major constituents were found to be sabinene (58.37 ppm) and germacrene-D (45.73 ppm). From the oils of cultivated chamnamul, 36 volatile flavor compounds were identified--the major constituents were identified as $\beta$-selinene (38.41 ppm) and myrcene (12.76 ppm).

  • PDF

Volatile Flavor Compounds from Pear Juice (Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Niitaka) (배주스의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Kim, Mi Young;Seo, Won Ho;Huang, Ying
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
    • /
    • v.31 no.6
    • /
    • pp.890-896
    • /
    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to determine volatile flavor compounds in Shingo pear juice. Volatile flavor compounds were analyzed using solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) - gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The effect of inorganic salts solution on the extraction ability of the SPME fiber was treated by adding saturated $CaCl_2$ solution at the ratio of 1:20 (v/v) after 0, 60, 120 min of preparing pear juice, respectively. As a result, a total of 22 volatile compounds were identified in Shingo pear juice. Ethyl acetate was found to be the most abundant volatile compound ($13.36{\sim}19.61{\mu}g/kg$), followed in order by hexanal, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl 3-(methylthio)-2-propenoate, ethyl octanoate and 2-hexenal. Total contents of volatile flavor compounds were $31.07{\mu}g/kg$ (control), $40.93{\mu}g/kg$ (0 min), $27.62{\mu}g/kg$ (60 min) and $26.32{\mu}g/kg$ (120 min). This result indicated that the addition of saline solutions could inhibit the enzymatic reaction of volatile flavor compounds effectively when treated as soon as juice preparation.

Comparisons of Volatile Compounds of Pinus densiflora on Kinds of Extraction Solvent and Parts of Pinus (솔 부위 및 추출 용매를 달리한 솔향의 분석)

  • 이양봉;조지은;이미정;윤정로
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
    • /
    • v.28 no.5
    • /
    • pp.973-979
    • /
    • 1999
  • Volatile compounds from twigs, needles and sprouts in Pinus densiflora were extracted with n hexane, diethyl ether or ethanol for 24 hours, and the extracted compounds were separated and identified by gas chromatography and mass selective detector. The kinds and amount of volatile compounds extracted from three parts of Pinus densiflora were different in solvent extraction and the extraction by the modified Liken Nickerson apparatus. The contents of volatile compounds of twigs contained more than those of needles and sprouts, and the volatile compounds were extracted more in n hexane than the others. In the extraction with hexane, the main volatile compounds of twigs were 18.5% pinene, 14.5% limonene, 12.7% pinene and 3.2% myrcene. Sprouts were 16.8% limonene, 4.4% pinene, 4.3% pinene and 1.7% myrcene. Needles contained 14.7% pinene, 5.4% pinene, 2.2% limonene and 0.8% myrcene. The highest yield for pine aroma was shown in the extraction from pine twigs with n hexane, and in this extraction the amounts of pinene, pinene and limonene were 742 g, 1108 g and 922 g per gram sample, respectively.

  • PDF

Comparison of the volatile flavor compounds in different tobacco types by different extraction methods (추출방법에 따른 잎담배 종류별 휘발성 향기성분 특성비교)

  • Lee, Jang-Mi;Lee, Jeong-Min;Lee, Chang-Gook;Bock, Jin-Young;Hwang, Keon-Joong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
    • /
    • v.32 no.2
    • /
    • pp.77-87
    • /
    • 2010
  • Traditional simultaneous distillation extraction(SDE) and solid-phase micro extraction(SPME) methods using GC/MS were compared for their effectiveness in the extraction of volatile flavor compounds from different tobacco leaves types(flue-cured, burley, oriental). The major volatile flavor compounds of flue-cured and burley tobacco were similar such as neophytadiene, solanone, megastigmatrienone isomers, ${\beta}$-damascenone and ${\beta}$-ionone. On the other hand, volatile flavor compounds such as norambreinolide, sclareolide were specifically identified in oriental tobacco. Each method was used to evaluate the responses of some analytes from real samples and standards in order to provide sensitivity comparisons between two techniques. Among three types of SPME fibers such as PDMS(Polydimethylsiloxane), PA(Polyacrylate) and PDMS/DVB (Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene) which were investigated to determine the selectivity and adsorption efficiency, PDMS/DVB fiber was selected for the extractions of the volatile flavor compounds due to its effectiveness. The qualitative analysis showed that the total amount of volatile flavor compounds in SDE method(130 species) was much more than that in SPME method(85 species). SPME method was more efficient for all the highly volatile compounds than SDE method, but on the other hand, low-volatile compounds such as fatty acids or high-molecular hydrocabons were detected in SDE method. SPME method based on a short-time sampling can be adjusted to favor a selected group compounds in tobacco. Furthermore this results could be used to estimate the aroma characteristics of cigarette blending by using a different type of tobacco with more effectiveness and convenience.

Analysis of Volatile Compounds in Bulgogi Prepared by Different Heating Procedure

  • Cho, In-Hee;Lee, Hyong-Joo;Kim, Young-Suk
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.428-432
    • /
    • 2005
  • To compare volatile compounds in bulgogi cooked by different heating procedures, bulgogi was prepared by convection oven, electric pan and charcoal grill. A total of 61 volatile compounds, consisting of 4 pyrazines, 10 sulfur-containing compounds, 7 carbonyls, 7 alcohols, 7 aliphatic hydrocarbons, 25 terpene hydrocarbons, and 1 miscellaneous compound, were tentatively identified in bulgogi cooked by the three heating methods. Comparatively, the difference in volatile compounds identified in bulgogi using the three different heating methods was not significant, except for sulfur-containing compounds and carbonyls which were detected at higher levels in the bulgogi cooked by convection oven than in that cooked by the other two heating methods. On the other hand, some compounds, such as furfural, benzaldehyde, and (E,E)-2,4-decadienal, were detected only in the bulgogi cooked by charcoal.

Volatile compounds and some physico-chemical properties of pastırma produced with different nitrate levels

  • Akkose, Ahmet;Unal, Nazen;Yalinkilic, Baris;Kaban, Guzin;Kaya, Mukerrem
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.30 no.8
    • /
    • pp.1168-1174
    • /
    • 2017
  • Objective: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of different nitrate levels (150, 300, 450, and 600 ppm $KNO_3$) on the volatile compounds and some other properties of pastırma. Methods: Pastırma samples were produced under the controlled condition and analyses of volatile compounds, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) as an indicator of lipid oxidation, non-protein nitrogenous matter content as an indicator of proteolysis, color and residual nitrite were carried out on the final product. The profile of volatile compounds of pastırma samples was analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry using a solid phase microextraction. Results: Nitrate level had a significant effect on pH value (p<0.05) and a very significant effect on TBARS value (p<0.01). No significant differences were determined in terms of $a_w$ value, non-protein nitrogenous substance content, color and residual nitrite between pastırma groups produced by using different nitrate levels. Nitrate level had a significant (p<0.05) or a very significant (p<0.01) effect on some volatile compounds. It was determined that the amounts and counts of volatile compounds were lower in the 450 and especially 600 ppm nitrate levels than 150 and 300 ppm nitrate levels (p<0.05). While the use of 600 ppm nitrate did not cause an increase in residual nitrite levels, the use of 150 ppm nitrate did not negatively affect the color of pastırma. However, the levels of volatile compounds decreased with an increasing level of nitrate. Conclusion: The use of 600 ppm nitrate is not a risk in terms of residual nitrite in pastırma produced under controlled condition, however, this level is not suitable due to decrease in the amount of volatile compounds.

Analysis of Volatile Flavor Compounds in Raw Oyster and Oyster Cooking Drips by Gamma Irradiation Using Headspace Method (Headspace 법을 이용한 생굴 및 굴 자숙액의 감마선 조사에 의한 휘발성 냄새 성분 변화 분석)

  • Choi, Jong-Il;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.26 no.2
    • /
    • pp.177-181
    • /
    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of gamma irradiation on the change of volatile flavor compounds of raw oyster and its cooking drips using headspace methods. Major volatile flavor compounds of the raw oyster were identified as methylthiomethane and 1,5-hexadiene. When the raw oyster was irradiated at the dose of 5 kGy, 1-pentane was newly detected. On the other hand, 9 compounds including N-methoxyformaldehyde were identified as the major volatile compounds of cooking drips from oyster. Among them, N-methoxyformaldehyde contents in cooking drip was decreased by the gamma irradiation. By the gamma irradiation above 30 kGy, new heterocyclic compounds was found in oyster cooking drips. Therefore, the amount of volatile flavor compounds in the raw oyster and cooking drips were changed by gamma irradiation, and these results could be potentially used in the seasoning industry.

Effects of Storage Conditions on Essential Oil of Artemisia princeps Pampan. cv. ssajuari (ssajuarissuk) (저장조건에 따른 싸주아리쑥 정유의 휘발성 성분 변화)

  • Chung, Mi-Sook
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
    • /
    • v.26 no.6
    • /
    • pp.840-847
    • /
    • 2010
  • In this study, we identified the volatile compounds of Artemisia princeps Pampan. cv. ssajuari (ssajuarissuk) essential oils and analyzed changes in the contents of volatile compounds under four different storage conditions, such as exposure to air at $20^{\circ}C$ and $40^{\circ}C$. Sixty-five volatile compounds consisting of 6 monoterpene hydrocarbons, 23 oxygenated monoterpenes, 16 sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, 6 oxygenated sesquiterpenes, 1 diterpene, 6 benzene derivatives, and 7 non-isoprenoid compounds were identified on the basis of their mass spectra characteristics and retention indices from original ssajuarissuk essential oils. Identified compounds constituted 90.56% of the total peak area. Borneol (10.29%) was the most abundant compound in the original ssajuarissuk essential oils, followed by 1,8-cineole (9.06%), viridiflorol (8.99%), spathulenol (8.73%), $\alpha$-thujone (5.28%), and camphor (4.39%). After six months storage at $40^{\circ}C$ with the cap opened for 3 min everyday, the total amount of volatile compounds in essential oil as determined by the percentage peak area decreased by 84.93%. The total levels of cis-sabinene hydrate, camphor, 4-terpineol, humulene oxide, $\beta$-caryophyllene oxide, and caryophyllene alcohol increased significantly. For ssajuarissuk essential oils stored under experimental conditions, changes in the contents of volatile compounds in essential oils were accelerated by temperature and contact with the atmosphere.

Evaluation of Curing and Flavor Ingredients, and Different Cooking Methods on the Product Quality and Flavor Compounds of Low-fat Sausages

  • Yoo, Seung-Seok;Kook, Sung-Ho;Park, Sung-Yong;Shim, Jae-Han;Chin, Koo-Bok
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
    • /
    • v.14 no.5
    • /
    • pp.634-638
    • /
    • 2005
  • The effects of ingredients added (first cutting ingredients vs. both first and second cutting ingredients), and cooking method (smoking vs. boiling) on product quality and volatile compounds were examined for low-fat and regular-fat sausages. Regular-fat sausages had slightly higher pH values (6.2-6.3) than those (6.1-6.2) of low-fat counterparts. However, the pH values of the sausages were not significantly affected by the different ingredients and cooking methods (p>0.05). Approximately 30 volatile compounds were identified from these comminuted sausages. The headspace concentrations of 4-methyl-1-[1-methylethyl]-3-cyclohexen-1-ol, ${\alpha}$- terpenyl acetate, eugenol, trans-caryophyllene and myristicine were lower in low-fat and regular-fat sausages containing the first cutting ingredients alone, than in those with both cutting ingredients. The volatile compounds of the smoked comminuted sausages were mostly phenols and hetero-compounds, and a lot of volatile compounds were shown before the retention time (RT) of 30 min. However, not many volatile compounds were detected in the boiled sausages prior to the RT of 30 min.