• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile flavor compounds

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Compilation of volatile flavor compounds in Cheonggukjang and Doenjang (청국장과 된장의 휘발성 향기성분 데이터베이스)

  • Baek, Hyung Hee
    • Food Science and Industry
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.24-49
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    • 2017
  • Volatile flavor compounds of cheonggukjang and doenjang, which are the most representative Korean soybean fermented foods, were compiled throughout literature review. Total of 225 and 404 volatile flavor compounds were found in cheonggukjang and doenjang, respectively. The most characteristic volatile flavor compounds in cheonggukjang are thought to be pyrazine compounds. In addition, acids, such as 2-methyl propanoic acid, butanoic acid, 2-methyl butanoic acid, and 3-methyl butanoic acid, contribute to aroma characteristics of cheonggukjang. On the other hand, ester compounds are the most predominant volatile flavor compounds in doenjang. Ninety six ester compounds were detected in doenjang while 22 ester compounds were identified in cheonggukjang. Pyrazine compounds and acids also play an important role in the flavor of doenjang. Compilation of volatile flavor compounds from cheonggukjang and doenjang will provide basic information to food industry to understand and improve aroma characteristics of cheonggukjang and doenjang.

Comparison on Volatile Flavor Compounds in Cultivated and Wild Pimpinella brachycarpa

  • Choi, Nam-Soon
    • Food Quality and Culture
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.67-72
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    • 2008
  • The volatile flavor compounds of wild and cultivated chamnamul (Pimpinella brachycarpa), an aromatic medicinal plant, were isolated via the simultaneous distillation extraction method and analyzed by GC and GC-MSD. From the oils of the wild chamnamul, 56 volatile flavor compounds were identified, and the major constituents were found to be sabinene (58.37 ppm) and germacrene-D (45.73 ppm). From the oils of cultivated chamnamul, 36 volatile flavor compounds were identified--the major constituents were identified as $\beta$-selinene (38.41 ppm) and myrcene (12.76 ppm).

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Volatile Flavor Compounds of Saussurea lappa C.B. Clarke Root Oil by Hydro Distillation-GC and $GC/MS^+$

  • Chang, Kyung-Mi;Kim, Gun-Hee
    • Food Quality and Culture
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.13-17
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    • 2007
  • The volatile flavor compounds of Saussurea lappa C.B. Clarke, a perennial, aromatic and medicinal herbaceous plant of the Asteraceae family, were isolated by the hydro distillation extraction method using a Clevenger-type apparatus, and analyzed by gas chromatography (GC) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The plant yielded a light yellow colored oil (0.02%, v/w). From S. lappa C.B. Clarke root oil, sixty-three volatile flavor compounds were tentatively identified, among which sesquiterpene was predominant (21.70%). The identified compounds of the root oil constituted 87.47% of the total peak area. From the constituents making up more than 5% of the volatile flavor components, a long-chain aldehyde, (7Z, 10Z, 13Z)-7, 10, 13-hexadecatrienal, was the most abundant volatile flavor compound (21.20%), followed by dehydrocostuslactone (10.30%) belonging to sesquiterpene lactone, valerenol (5.30%) and vulgarol B (5.06%).

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Volatile Flavor Compounds from Pear Juice (Pyrus pyrifolia cv. Niitaka) (배주스의 휘발성 향기성분)

  • Kim, Mi Young;Seo, Won Ho;Huang, Ying
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.890-896
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    • 2018
  • The aim of this study was to determine volatile flavor compounds in Shingo pear juice. Volatile flavor compounds were analyzed using solid-phase micro-extraction (SPME) - gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The effect of inorganic salts solution on the extraction ability of the SPME fiber was treated by adding saturated $CaCl_2$ solution at the ratio of 1:20 (v/v) after 0, 60, 120 min of preparing pear juice, respectively. As a result, a total of 22 volatile compounds were identified in Shingo pear juice. Ethyl acetate was found to be the most abundant volatile compound ($13.36{\sim}19.61{\mu}g/kg$), followed in order by hexanal, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl 3-(methylthio)-2-propenoate, ethyl octanoate and 2-hexenal. Total contents of volatile flavor compounds were $31.07{\mu}g/kg$ (control), $40.93{\mu}g/kg$ (0 min), $27.62{\mu}g/kg$ (60 min) and $26.32{\mu}g/kg$ (120 min). This result indicated that the addition of saline solutions could inhibit the enzymatic reaction of volatile flavor compounds effectively when treated as soon as juice preparation.

Identification of Phenylethyl Alcohol and Other Volatile Flavor Compounds from Yeasts, Pichia farinosa SKM-l, Pichia anomala SKM-T, and Galactomyces geotrichum SJM-59

  • Mo, Eun-Kyoung;Kang, Hyo-Jin;Lee, Chang-Tian;Xu, Bao-Jun;Kim, Jae-Hoon;Wang, Qi-Jun;Kim, Jae-Cheon;Sung, Chang-Keun
    • Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.800-808
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    • 2003
  • Three strains of yeasts, Pichia farinosa SKM-1, Pichia anomala SKM-T, and Galactomyces geotrichum SJM-59, produced volatile flavor compounds during fermentation. To investigate these volatile flavor compounds, the liquid culture broth of the three yeast strains were extracted with methylene chloride, and then GC and GC-MS analyses were conducted. Flavor analyses revealed that 5, 12, and 15 kinds of volatile compounds were isolated, and 4, 8, and 11 volatile flavor compounds were identified, respectively. Phenylethyl alcohol was identified with the common volatile flavor compound of Pichia farinosa SKM-1, Pichia anomala SKM-T, and Galactomyces geotrichum SJM-59. 1H-indole-3-ethanol, a precursor of plant growth hormone, was identified from Pichia anomala SKM-T.

Comparison of the volatile flavor compounds in different tobacco types by different extraction methods (추출방법에 따른 잎담배 종류별 휘발성 향기성분 특성비교)

  • Lee, Jang-Mi;Lee, Jeong-Min;Lee, Chang-Gook;Bock, Jin-Young;Hwang, Keon-Joong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.77-87
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    • 2010
  • Traditional simultaneous distillation extraction(SDE) and solid-phase micro extraction(SPME) methods using GC/MS were compared for their effectiveness in the extraction of volatile flavor compounds from different tobacco leaves types(flue-cured, burley, oriental). The major volatile flavor compounds of flue-cured and burley tobacco were similar such as neophytadiene, solanone, megastigmatrienone isomers, ${\beta}$-damascenone and ${\beta}$-ionone. On the other hand, volatile flavor compounds such as norambreinolide, sclareolide were specifically identified in oriental tobacco. Each method was used to evaluate the responses of some analytes from real samples and standards in order to provide sensitivity comparisons between two techniques. Among three types of SPME fibers such as PDMS(Polydimethylsiloxane), PA(Polyacrylate) and PDMS/DVB (Polydimethylsiloxane/Divinylbenzene) which were investigated to determine the selectivity and adsorption efficiency, PDMS/DVB fiber was selected for the extractions of the volatile flavor compounds due to its effectiveness. The qualitative analysis showed that the total amount of volatile flavor compounds in SDE method(130 species) was much more than that in SPME method(85 species). SPME method was more efficient for all the highly volatile compounds than SDE method, but on the other hand, low-volatile compounds such as fatty acids or high-molecular hydrocabons were detected in SDE method. SPME method based on a short-time sampling can be adjusted to favor a selected group compounds in tobacco. Furthermore this results could be used to estimate the aroma characteristics of cigarette blending by using a different type of tobacco with more effectiveness and convenience.

The Analysis of Neutral Volatile Flavor Compounds in Tobacco (잎담배 중 neutral volatile flavor 화합물 분석)

  • Lee, Jeong-Min;Lee, Jang-Mi;Jang, Gi-Chul;Kim, Hyo-Keun;Hwang, Keon-Joong
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Tobacco Science
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.85-94
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    • 2009
  • This work has been conducted to develop a method for the analysis of neutral volatile flavors and their precursors in tobacco. The neutral volatile compounds and precursors in tobaccos have been investigated by Neutral Volatile scan method(NV scan) using Soxhlet extractor. The method has been used to analyze a range of different tobaccos and tobacco products. Neutral flavor compounds were classified as three sections(1st Volatile Fraction, Breakdown Flavor Products and Cembranoid Precursors). The major components of the First Volatile Fraction were 2-cyclohexene-1-one, 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one, limonene and phenyl ethanol. The major components of Breakdown Flavor Products were isophorone, solanone, damascenone, 3-hydroxy-$\beta$-damascone, geranyl acetone, $\beta$-ionone, dihydroactinidiolide, norsolanadione, neophytadiene, hexahydrofarnesylacetone, farnesyl acetone and megastigmatrienone. The major cembranoid precursor compounds were dibutyl phthalate, duvatrenediols, 8,12-epoxy-14-labden-13-ol, 11-hydroperoxy-2,7,12(20)-cembratriene-4,6-diol, 12,15-epoxy-12,14-labadien-8-ol, 2,7,11-cembratrien-4,6-diol and 8,13-epoxy-14-labdien-12-ol. The NV scna results of tobacco types(flue-cured, burley and oriental) showed that each tobacco type has a characteristic flavor component profile.

Analysis of Volatile Flavor Compounds in Raw Oyster and Oyster Cooking Drips by Gamma Irradiation Using Headspace Method (Headspace 법을 이용한 생굴 및 굴 자숙액의 감마선 조사에 의한 휘발성 냄새 성분 변화 분석)

  • Choi, Jong-Il;Kim, Hyun-Joo;Lee, Ju-Woon
    • KSBB Journal
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.177-181
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    • 2011
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of gamma irradiation on the change of volatile flavor compounds of raw oyster and its cooking drips using headspace methods. Major volatile flavor compounds of the raw oyster were identified as methylthiomethane and 1,5-hexadiene. When the raw oyster was irradiated at the dose of 5 kGy, 1-pentane was newly detected. On the other hand, 9 compounds including N-methoxyformaldehyde were identified as the major volatile compounds of cooking drips from oyster. Among them, N-methoxyformaldehyde contents in cooking drip was decreased by the gamma irradiation. By the gamma irradiation above 30 kGy, new heterocyclic compounds was found in oyster cooking drips. Therefore, the amount of volatile flavor compounds in the raw oyster and cooking drips were changed by gamma irradiation, and these results could be potentially used in the seasoning industry.

Quality Properties of Seasoned-Dried Pacific Saury Treated with Liquid Smoke -1. Volatile Flavor Compounds in Commercial Liquid Smokes-

  • Park Sung-Young;Kim Hun;Cho Woo-Jin;Lee Young-Mi;Lee Jung-Suck;Cha Yong-Jun
    • Fisheries and aquatic sciences
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.229-237
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    • 2001
  • In order to identify of volatile flavor compounds and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in commercial liquid smokes, this study was conducted to analyze volatile flavor compounds by solvent extraction and/or Purge & Trap method/GC/MSD. A total of 156 volatile flavor compounds were detected in 6 commercial liquid smokes, and these compounds were composed mainly of 12 aldehydes, 60 ketones, 7 alcohols, 14 acids, 20 esters, 24 aromatic compounds, 7 furans and 12 miscellaneous compounds. Ketones $(806.6-7,573.9\mu g/mL)$ and aromatic compounds $(282.6-7,896.3 \mu g/mL)$ were more abundant than others. The PAHs known as carcinogen have not been detected in this study. The acids $(422.9-4,903.1\mu g/mL)$ was identified in relatively high concentration compared to other groups. Phenol and its derivatives among aromatic compounds were in relatively high concentration. Especially, the phenol and its derivatives including o-cresol, guaiacol, 4-ethylguaiacol and syringol were in higher concentration.

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Comparative Study on Volatile Flavor Compounds of Traditional Chinese-type Soy Sauces Prepared with Soybean and Defatted Soy Meal

  • Gao, Xian-Li;Zhao, Hai-Feng;Zhao, Mou-Ming;Cui, Chun;Ren, Jiao-Yan
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.1447-1458
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    • 2009
  • Volatile extracts obtained from traditional Chinese-type soy sauces prepared with soybean (SSSB) and defatted soy meal (SSDSM) by solid phase microextraction (SPME) and direct solvent extraction (DSE) were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The volatile flavor compounds and relative contents of different chemical classes detected in SSSB and SSDSM were compared for their differences. Results showed that significant differences in both constituents of volatile flavor compounds and relative contents of different chemical classes were observed for both kinds of soy sauces. A total of 152 and 131 compounds were identified in SSSB and SSDSM, respectively, and 102 volatile flavor compounds were common in both kinds of soy sauces. Moreover, relative contents of acids, aldehydes, esters, furan(one)s, miscellaneous compounds, phenols, pyrazines, pyrrol(idinon)es, and sulfur-containing compounds in both kinds of soy sauces were all significantly different.