• Title, Summary, Keyword: volatile sulfur compound

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Changes in Volatile Sulfur Compounds of Garlic under Short-term Storage Conditions (단기간 저장조건을 달리한 마늘의 휘발성 함황화합물의 변화)

  • 배현주;전희정
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.17-23
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    • 2003
  • This study was performed to find the changes in volatile sulfur compounds of garlic under various storage conditions. The volatile sulfur compounds of garlic were identified with GC and GC/MS. Analysis on the detected volatile sulfur compound of garlic which is known to have medical effect was performed while storing for two days at room temperature and for 1, 3 and 7 days at 4$^{\circ}C$ and -18$^{\circ}C$, respectively. The results of the study were summarized as follows : Total amount of 7 volatile sulfur compounds was the highest in the sample stored at room temperature for one hour. During the storage of 1, 3 and 7 days at -18$^{\circ}C$, chopped garlic contained more of volatile sulfur compounds than under any other storage conditions and the amounts of 7 volatile sulfur compounds increased gradually during the storage of chopped garlic.

Antimicrobial Activity of Garlic Heated under Different Conditions, Time of Heating, and pH

  • Kim, Eun-Hee;Kang, Seung-Sik;Kang, Dong-Hee;Kyung, Kyu-Hang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.771-775
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    • 2009
  • Antimicrobial activity of garlic (pH 6.0) heated at $120^{\circ}C$ reached its maximum at 45 min of heating and maintained the level for the rest of heating time (300 min) when tested against Candida utilis ATCC42416. The principal antimicrobial compound was allyl alcohol (AA), a highly volatile compound without sulfur in its molecule. The concentration of AA in heated garlic gradually increased to over 2,000 ppm for the first 90 min and stayed at the level without appreciable changes in spite of further heating. Other antimicrobial compounds secondary to AA were lowly volatile sulfur compounds including diallyl polysulfides (diallyl trisulfide, diallyl tetrasulfide, and diallyl pentasulfide) and heterocyclic sulfur compounds (4-methyl-1,2,3-trithiolane, 5-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrathiane, and 6-methyl-1,2,3,4,5-pentathiepane). When the pH of the garlic extract was lowered before heating, considerably more secondary antimicrobial sulfur compounds were formed and the antimicrobial activity was stronger than the pH unadjusted garlic. Lowly volatile sulfur compounds contributed a significant part of antimicrobial activity of heated garlic only during the early period (45-120 min) of heating regardless of pH treatment.

Thermal Generation and Antimicrobial Activity of Unusual Heterocyclic Sulfur Compounds in Garlic

  • Chung, In-Shick;Chae, Kyung-Yun;Kyung, Kyu-Hang
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.1032-1037
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    • 2008
  • Lowly volatile heterocyclic sulfur compounds generated in autoclaved garlic extract were isolated and identified, and their antimicrobial activity was determined. Two kinds of unusual volatile sulfur compounds were separated from heated garlic by preparative recycling high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC), and identified by gas chromatography (GC)-mass spectrometry (MS) and $^1H$-nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). They had heterocyclic structures with 4 to 5 sulfur atoms in the molecules. 4-Methyl-1,2,3-trithiolane (MTTT) is highly volatile and was not able to be concentrated, and was identified by GCMS only. MTTT and 6-methyl-1,2,3,4,5-pentathiepane (MPTP) are lowly volatile and were obtained in pure states to be positively identified for the first time. All 3 heterocyclic sulfur compounds began to appear by the time when the early-formed diallyl sulfides started to disappear. The minimum inhibitory concentration range of MTTT and MPTP was determined to be between 1 and 6 ppm against all yeasts tested. MTTT and MPTP were lowly volatile and sparingly soluble in water.

Reverse osmosis causes change in volatile compounds in onion juice (역삼투압법에 의한 양파착즙액의 휘발성 성분 변화)

  • Shim, Zen;Jeon, Myeong-Hee;Lee, Dae-Hee;Kim, Yong-Seok;Lee, Sang-Mi;Choi, Jung-Min;Jang, Eun-Ji
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.51 no.1
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    • pp.7-11
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    • 2019
  • Reverse osmosis (RO) was applied to onion juice to produce concentrated onion juice with improved flavor. The volatile compound profiles of concentrated onion juice and onion juice were compared using solvent-assisted flavor evaporation followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Onion juice and RO-concentrated onion juice contained 48 and 62 distinct volatile compounds, respectively, and included alcohols, aldehydes, esters, terpenes, furans, ketones, acids, hydrocarbons, and sulfur-containing compounds. The RO-concentrated onion juice contained a greater number of volatile flavor compounds than did onion juice. Notably, sulfur-containing compounds, which are characteristic volatile flavor compounds in raw onions, were more abundant in the RO-concentrated onion juice than in onion juice. The volatile compound composition indicates that RO-concentration produces good quality onion juice.

Development of an Analytical Approach to Measure Volatile Sulfur Compounds Using a Non-Cryogenic Preconcentration Method (비냉각형 선농축 방식에 의한 대기 중 휘발성 황화합물의 분석방법 개발)

  • 김기현;이강웅
    • Journal of Korean Society for Atmospheric Environment
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.355-360
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    • 1997
  • The atmospheric concentration of dimethylsulfide (DMS), known as the predominant volatile organic. sulfur compound, is determined at subnanogram level by a combined application of non-cryogenic preconcentration method and gas chromatography with flame photometric detection (GC/FPD). The volatile DMS in air is preconcentrated using a trapping tube containing adsorbent like Molecular Sieve 5A (or gold-coated sands). The tube is then connected to the GC/FPD system via a six-way rotary valve, thermally desorbed at 40$0^{\circ}C$, separated on OV101 column, and detected by a flame photometric detector. The DMS peak elutes at about 2.5 mins and is integrated electronically. The analytical precision, if expressed in terms of relative standard error, is around 5%. The detection limit of our GC/FPD system is ca 1 ng of DMS. Details of our analytical system are presented.

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Volatile Flavor Compounds of Freeze Dried Garlic and Garlic Roasted with Oils (건조마늘과 기름에 볶은 마늘의 향기성분)

  • Seo, Hye-Min;Joo, Kwang-Jee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.332-341
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the change of flavor compounds of freeze-dried garlic and garlic roasted with soybean oil and sesame oil. Freeze-dried garlic and ground raw garlic roasted with oils was prepared at $180^{\circ}C$ for 5 minutes. Volatile compounds of garlic samples were obtained by Likens-Nickerson distillation/solvent extraction and identified by GC and GC/MS. Sulfur compounds, methyl allyl sulfide, diallyl sulfide, methyl allyl disulfide, dimethyl trisulfide, diallyl disulfide, methyl allyl trisulfide and diallyl trisulfide were the major volatile in garlic flavor which was more than 98% of the total volatile compounds. The total amount of sulfur compounds in freeze-dried garlic roasted with soybean oil was decreased to 20% compare to that of garlic flavor; however, 10 pyrazines such as 2-methyl pyrazine, 2,6-dimethyl pyrazine, 2-ethyl-5-methyl pyrazin and 3-ethyl-2,5-dimethyl pyrazine which were not originated from both freeze-dried garlic and soybean oil were identified. They might be generated from thermal interactions of sugars and nonvolatile flavor precursors of garlic. In freeze-dried garlic roasted with sesame oil, the amount of diallyl sulfide, methyl allyl disulfide, dimethyl trisulfide increased whereas diallyl disulfide completely disappeared. The amount of two cyclic compounds 3,4-dihydro-3-vinyl-1,2-dithiin and 2-vinyl-4H-1,3-dithiin, which were artifacts from allicin, increased in roasted garlic with sesame oil.

Evaluation on Tongue Coating, Volatile Sulfur Compounds, Salivary Flow Rate and Secretory Immunoglobulin A in Saliva in Patients with Oral Malodor (구취환자의 설태, 휘발성 황화합물, 타액분비율 및 타액내 secretory Immunoglobulin A에 대한 평가)

  • Kim, Jin-Sung;Eom, Guk-Hyeon
    • The Journal of Internal Korean Medicine
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.258-264
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    • 2008
  • Objectives : The aim of this study was to confirm the characteristics of oral malodor patients by evaluating the differences of salivary flow rate, secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) level in saliva between the patient and control groups, and the correlation with the tongue coating, volatile sulfur compound (VSC), salivary flow rate and sIgA level in saliva in the patients group. Methods : Forty-seven patients with oral malodor and twenty healthy volunteers were included in this study. Their tongue coating was assessed with the Winkel tongue coating index, and salivary flow rate, sIgA concentrations in saliva and the level of VSC in oral cavity were measured. Results : There were no significant differences of the salivary flow rate and the sIgA level in saliva between the patient and control groups, but there was a significant relationship between the accumulation of tongue coating and the level of VSC in oral cavity. Conclusions : Our results suggest that tongue coating is closely related to oral malodor, but further studies are needed to confirm the relationship between tongue coating and sIgA level in saliva.

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Treatment Efficacy on Oral Malodor according to Pre-treatment Volatile Sulfur Compound Level (구취의 심도에 따른 치료 효과에 대한 비교 연구)

  • 이상구;고홍섭;이승우
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.263-270
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    • 1998
  • Considering various factors contributing oral malodor, the accurate prediction of prognosis is very important to both clinician and patients. The present study has been performed to invetigate the relationship between treatment effeicacy and pre-treatment volatile sulfur compounds (VSC) level. Ninety patients were divided into three groups, A(<150ppb), B(150< <200ppb), and C(>200ppb) groups, according to pre-treatment VSC level detected by Halimeter, and each group included 30 patients. Routine therapeutic measures for oral were provided to each patient which consisted of oral prophylaxis, tooth brushing and flossing instruction, tongue scraping by proper device, and gargling of 0.25% ZnCl2 Solution. The group with high pre-treatment VSC level (>150ppb) showed significant reduction of VSC level at 1 and 3 weeks after. However, the group with low pre-treatment VSC level (<150ppb) did not show any significant reduction during the experimental periods. Collectively, the results suggested that patients with high pre-treatment VSC level show better prognosis.

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Analysis of Volatile Compounds in Bulgogi Prepared by Different Heating Procedure

  • Cho, In-Hee;Lee, Hyong-Joo;Kim, Young-Suk
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.428-432
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    • 2005
  • To compare volatile compounds in bulgogi cooked by different heating procedures, bulgogi was prepared by convection oven, electric pan and charcoal grill. A total of 61 volatile compounds, consisting of 4 pyrazines, 10 sulfur-containing compounds, 7 carbonyls, 7 alcohols, 7 aliphatic hydrocarbons, 25 terpene hydrocarbons, and 1 miscellaneous compound, were tentatively identified in bulgogi cooked by the three heating methods. Comparatively, the difference in volatile compounds identified in bulgogi using the three different heating methods was not significant, except for sulfur-containing compounds and carbonyls which were detected at higher levels in the bulgogi cooked by convection oven than in that cooked by the other two heating methods. On the other hand, some compounds, such as furfural, benzaldehyde, and (E,E)-2,4-decadienal, were detected only in the bulgogi cooked by charcoal.