• Title, Summary, Keyword: warren truss

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An Experimental Study on the Behavior of Scaffolding System without a Part of Column (부분 무기둥 비계구조 골조 거동에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Son, Ki-Sang;Jong, Jung Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.66-71
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    • 2013
  • There is a critically structural problem of scaffolding system when one of scaffold columns is remove to be used as a gangway for their temporary office in the structure before finishing all such as an apartment or office building. This is not used to checking to structurally checking at a construction site. This study is to find out which system at a site will be more effective and low-cost-high effectiveness of aluminum ladder, timber ladder, ${\phi}$1/2 inch steel pipe truss with a type of concave, convex warren truss ladders. Theses are structurally tested with horizontal set as a truss type with 1.8 meter long. Concentrated load has been loaded at the upper center of the system and checked its strain at the bottom center, using aluminum-use strain gage and steel-use gauge have been attached concave warren truss with diameter 1/2 inch has 14% stronger than convex truss. Convex truss has almost same strength as an aluminum ladder truss, it is found out.

A Study on Adaptation of Neural Network to Warren Truss Design (와렌 트러스 설계에의 신경망 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Dong Cheol;Lee, Seung Chang;Cho, Young Sang
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.413-422
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    • 2003
  • Most engineers tend to rely on their intuition or existing data in formulating structural design or preliminary estimate of various conditions. Because of these variations, the artificial neural network is used as an alternative design model of the warren truss since it can handle uncertainty through the probability method. This research validated the approximate structural design model of the warren truss, with its proper parameter values of the neural network and design process falling within 10 percent torrence of the different designs that resulted between this model and the MIDAS program. The suggested model for the process was adapted for the truss design using the member section table, while time saving and efficiency are based on the allowed range of torrence.

A Study on the Structural Behaviour of Staggered Truss System by the Shape of Truss (트러스 형태에 따른 스태거드트러스 골조시스템의 구조특성에 관한 연구)

  • Rha, Chang-Soon;Hong, Yoon-Soo;Yu, Eun-Jong
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.199-206
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    • 2017
  • This paper analyzed structural behaviors of the staggered truss system, typically used in low seismicity regions, resisting the lateral loads such as wind and seismic load. A comparative study of cost and efficiency was carried out by analysing and designing the 10- and 20-story buildings with various types of truss, including pratt, howe, warren, K-, and vierendeel, which may typically be used in staggered truss system. In design, column and truss members are selected in group, and the efficiency of the member design was judged by average demand capacity ratio of the all members in same group. And economic analysis of the system was investigated by the quantity of the structural members. As a result, staggered truss system with the pratt truss and warren truss showed the most economical and efficient performance for 10-story building, and 20-story building, respectively.

A Study on the Dynamic Load Model of Truss Bridge subjected to Moving Train Loads (열차하중을 받는 트러스교의 동적하중모형 연구)

  • 안주옥;박상준
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.111-118
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    • 1996
  • Dynamic load models which show the practical behavior of truss bridge subjected to moving train load are presented. Three basically approaches are available for evaluating structural response to dynamic effects : moving force, moving mass, and influence moving force and mass. Simple warren truss bridge model is selected in this research, and idealized lumped mass system, modelled as a planar structure. In the process of dynamic analysis, the uncoupled equation of motion is derived from simultaneous equation of the motion of truss bridge and moving train load. The solution of the uncoupled equations of motion is solved by Newmark-$\beta$ method. The results show that dynamic response of moving mass and static analysis considering the impact factor specified in the present railway bridge code was nearly the same. Generally, the dynamic response of moving force is somewhat greater than that of moving mass. The dynamic load models which are presented by this study are obtained relatively adequate load model when apply to a truss bridge.

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Health monitoring of pedestrian truss bridges using cone-shaped kernel distribution

  • Ahmadi, Hamid Reza;Anvari, Diana
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.699-709
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    • 2018
  • With increasing traffic volumes and rising vehicle traffic, especially in cities, the number of pedestrian bridges has also increased significantly. Like all other structures, pedestrian bridges also suffer damage. In order to increase the safety of pedestrians, it is necessary to identify existing damage and to repair them to ensure the safety of the bridge structures. Owing to the shortcomings of local methods in identifying damage and in order to enhance the reliability of detection and identification of structural faults, signal methods have seen significant development in recent years. In this research, a new methodology, based on cone-shaped kernel distribution with a new damage index, has been used for damage detection in pedestrian truss bridges. To evaluate the proposed method, the numerical models of the Warren Type steel truss and the Arregar steel footbridge were used. Based on the results, the proposed method and damage index identified the damage and determined its location with a high degree of precision. Given the ease of use, the proposed method can be used to identify faults in pedestrian bridges.

Erection Method for Marine Section of Double Deck Warren Truss in Young Jong Grand Bridge (영종대교 복층 Warren Truss 해상구간 가설공법)

  • Kim Jeong-Woong;Seo Jea-Hwa;Yang Mu-Seok;Yuk Il -Dong
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute Of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • pp.232-239
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    • 2001
  • Young Jong Grand Bridge is approach traffic road of New Inchon International Airport which covers hub airport function in northeast asia. The total span length of this bridge is $4,420{\cal}m$ and this main bridge type is, the first in the world, Double Deck Self Anchored Suspension Bridge, designed as double deck systems to be arranged by road and railroad. Approach bridges to be connected with main span also are composed double deck steel truss and steel box girder to consider a continuity with this span. Our company erected $1,375{\cal}m$(about 60,000tons) of double deck steel truss bridge type which is composed by 6 traffic lane on upper deck and 4 traffic lane and Double track railroad on lower deck. The original installation method of this bridge was planed to install about 75 meters bridge blocks to use floating crane, after temporary bent was constructed between permanent piers. But this method which had to construct many temporary bents in the sea had the matter that construction periods can become lengthen and construction cost can be risen. To overcome the uncertainty to ensure high qualify of bridge and economic project execution, our company developed new bridge erection method to assure both quality control and economic construction work. The new erection method which was developed by us was one that could transport and install long bridge block, $120{\cal}m$ unit at a time and that temporary bent was not required. We hope that this paper is used as technical data which will erect bridge in the western sea and others marine region.

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The automated optimum design of steel truss structures (철골 트러스 구조의 자동화 최적설계)

  • Pyeon, Hae-Wan;Kim, Yong-Joo;Kim, Soo-Won;Kang, Moon-Myung
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.143-155
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    • 2001
  • Generally, truss design has been determined by the designer's experience and intuition. But if we perform the most economical structural design we must consider not only cross-sections of members but also configurations(howe, warren and pratt types etc.) of single truss as the number of panel and truss height. The purpose of this study is to develope automated optimum design techniques for steel truss structures considering cross-sections of members and shape of trusses simultaneously. As the results, it could be possible to find easily the optimum solutions subject to design conditions at the preliminary structural design stage of the steel truss structures. In this study, the objective function is expressed as the whole member weight of trusses, and the applied constraints are as stresses, slenderness ratio, local buckling, deflection, member cross-sectional dimensions and truss height etc. The automated optimum design algorithm of this study is divided into three-level procedures. The first level on member cross-sectional optimization is performed by the sequential unconstrained minimization technique(SUMT) using dynamic programming method. And the second level about truss height optimization is applied for obtaining the optimum truss height by three-equal interval search method. The last level of optimization is applied for obtaining the optimum panel number of truss by integer programming method. The algorithm of multi-level optimization programming technique proposed in this study is more helpful for the economical design of plane trusses as well as space trusses.

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Effects of local structural damage in a steel truss bridge on internal dynamic coupling and modal damping

  • Yamaguchi, Hiroki;Matsumoto, Yasunao;Yoshioka, Tsutomu
    • Smart Structures and Systems
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.523-541
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    • 2015
  • Structural health monitoring of steel truss bridge based on changes in modal properties was investigated in this study. Vibration measurements with five sensors were conducted at an existing Warren truss bridge with partial fractures in diagonal members before and after an emergency repair work. Modal properties identified by the Eigensystem Realization Algorithm showed evidences of increases in modal damping due to the damage in diagonal member. In order to understand the dynamic behavior of the bridge and possible mechanism of those increases in modal damping, theoretical modal analysis was conducted with three dimensional frame models. It was found that vibrations of the main truss could be coupled internally with local vibrations of diagonal members and the degree of coupling could change with structural changes in diagonal members. Additional vibration measurements with fifteen sensors were then conducted so as to understand the consistency of those theoretical findings with the actual dynamic behavior. Modal properties experimentally identified showed that the damping change caused by the damage in diagonal member described above could have occurred in a diagonal-coupled mode. The results in this study imply that damages in diagonal members could be detected from changes in modal damping of diagonal-coupled modes.

Seismic Performance Evaluation of Staggered Truss System by the Shape of Truss (트러스 형태에 따른 스태거드트러스 골조시스템의 내진성능 평가)

  • Hong, Yoon-Soo;Yu, Eun-Jong;Rha, Chang-Soon
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.397-404
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to evaluate the seismic performance of Staggered Truss Frame(STF) system while changing a shape of truss. The model of this project is a office building of ten floors with Pratt, Howe, Warren, K and Vierendeel truss system applied on each model. Next step is to select the section of elements which satisfy the highest demand capacity ratio by structure design considering gravity load, earthquake load and wind load and then calculate natural period, base shear and story drifts. On the basis of these values, Capacity Spectrum Method(CSM) shows the plastic behavior of STF system such as performance point of Design Earthquake(DE) and Maximum Considered Earthquake(MCE), yield state, plastic hinge etc. to be compared with other truss systems. As a result, Vierendeel STF system especially was found to have the highest strength and stiffness to the corresponding earthquake and all the models for each truss shape fulfilled the target performance level.

Experimental Study on the Buckling Behavior of Cold-formed Steel Warren Truss (냉간성형강 평트러스 시스템의 좌굴 거동에 관한 실험 연구)

  • Park, Wan Soon;Kim, Gap Deuk
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.747-754
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    • 2002
  • Cold-formed steel truss system was reviewed in order to improve the various problems associated with the steel floor joist system, such as the structural deficiency caused by web punching and others. Two types of floor truss system using cold-formed steel were reviewed during this research project, including the square end type(SE type) and underslung type(EE type). The strctural behavior was analyzed using the AISI design criteria and various bending tests. Test results show that the SE type floor truss proved to be more efficient than the EE type when it is subjected to concentrated load, and that the unbraced length of the floor truss about the weak axis has much importance on the buckling strength of the floor truss. Test results indicate that their values surpass the calculated values predicated through the AISI design criteria.