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Hypotensive Action of Atractylodes rhizoma alba Extract (백출(白朮) Extract의 혈압강하작용(血壓降下作用))

  • Ko, Suk-Tai;Su, Se-Min
    • Journal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 1976
  • 1. In the rabbit and the dog, the blood pressure response to water extract and methanol extract obtained from Atractylodes rhizoma alb'a was investigated. 2. Water extract and methanol extract, when administered into the rabbit and the dog by the route of vein, produced fall of the blood pressure. 3. The depressor response of the rabbit to water extract and methanol extract was not affected by $Avicel{\circledR}$, propranolol and atropine. 4. The depressor response by water extract and methanol extract in the rabbit was not affected by guanethidine, but water extract and methanol extract produced elevation of blood pressure in this rabbit. 5. Pretreatment of rabbit with chlorisendamine or phenoxybenzamine weakened the depressor response to water extract and methanol extract, and the both extracts produced secondary elevation of blood pressure in this rabbit. 6. The pressor response of the chlorisondamine-treated rabbit to water extract and methanol extract was not affected by atropine. 7. Water extract decreased the pressor action of tyramine and depressor action of pilocarpine and isoproterenol, but did not affect the blood pressure response of nor einephrine, angiotensin and dimethylpehnyl piperazinium iodide(DMPP).

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Physicochemical Characteristics and Antioxidant activity, Antimutagenicity, and Cytotoxicity of Hot-water Extract of Hericium erinaceus (노루궁뎅이 버섯 열수 추출물의 이화학적 특성 및 항산화성, 항돌연변이성, cytotoxicity 분석)

  • Kim, Se Ryung;Kim, Meera
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.569-577
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    • 2012
  • The physicochemical characteristics and biological activities, including antioxidant activity, antimutagenicity, and cytotoxicity of hot-water extract of fruiting body of Hericium erinaceus, were investigated in this study. Hot-water extract of fruiting body of Hericium erinaceus contained carbohydrate (7.86%), protein (10.91%), and ${\beta}$-glucan (3.62%). Water solubility of hot-water extract was 42.58%. Antioxidant activities of the extract were evaluated by ABTS assay and FRAP assay. The $IC_{50}$ value was 312.21 ${\mu}g/mL$ in ABTS assay. Antimutagenic activity of the extract was evaluated by Ames test. Antimutagenicity of hot-water extract (5 mg/mL) on Salmonella Typhimurium TA100 mutagenated by sodium azide (0.15 ${\mu}g/mg$) was 69.2%. Cytotoxicity of hot-water extract was also evaluated by MTT and SRB assay. The cytotoxicity was highest (83.95%) on Hep3B treated with 2,000 ${\mu}g/mL$ of hot-water extract in SRB assay. Therefore, it is suggested that hot-water extract of fruiting body of Hericium erinaceus has high antioxidant activity, antimutagenicity, and cytotoxicity.

The Water Extract of Boswellia carterii Induces Apoptosis in Human Leukemia HL-60 Cells (유향 물 추출물의 HL-60 혈액암세포에서 세포사멸 유도효과)

  • 박래길;오광록;이광규;문연자;김정훈
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.45 no.2
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    • pp.161-168
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    • 2001
  • The possible mechanism of the antiproliferative and apoptotic effects of Boswellia carterri water extract were studied in HL-60 human leukemia cells. The cytotoxicity of HL-60 cells after the treatment of Boswellia carterii water extract showed dose- and time-dependent manner. The apoptotic effect of 300 $\mu$g/ml Boswellia carterii water extract was demonstrated by DNA laddering. The activity of caspase 3-1ike protease was markedly increased in HL-60 cells treated with Boswellia carterii water extract. Furthermore, the level of Bcl-2 was time-dependently reduced, whereas Bax protein level was enhanced by Boswellia carterii water extract treatment. In conclusion, our results suggest that apoptotic effect of Boswellia carterii water extract may partly mediated through activations of caspase-3 activity and Bax expression, and inhibition of Bcl-2 expression.

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The Effects of Houttuyniae Herba extract on the Activity of Anti-bacteria, Anti-inflammation and Anti-oxidation (어성초(魚腥草) 추출물의 항여드름 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon, Oh-do;Seo, Hyeong-Sik
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.119-125
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    • 2008
  • Objective : This experimental study was performed to investigate the effects of Houttuyniae Herba extract on anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation. Methods : The cytotoxicity of Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract about viability of Raw 264.7 cell were tested using a colormetric tetrazolium assay(MTT assay). We investigated the inhibitory effects of Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract on Propionibactrium acnes using paper disk diffusion method. To investigate the anti-inflammation effects of Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract on LPS-induced macrophage Raw 264.7 cell, we used ELISA kit. We evaluated anti-oxidation effects of Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract on HaCaT cell by Enzyme recycling method. Results : 1. In Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract, cell toxicity depended on the density and wasn't difference between two extracts. 2. Houttuyniae Herba water extract and ethanol extract has not the significant inhibition effect of Propionibactrium acnes. 3. Concentration of 50, $100{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ Houttuyniae Herba water extract inhibited the production of NO in the Raw 264.7 cell stimulated with LPS. 4. All extracts except for $20{\mu}g/m{\ell}$ Houttuyniae Herba water extract showed anti-oxidation effect by decreasing the DPPH radicals. Conclusion : These results indicate that Houttuyniae Herba extract has anti-inflammation and anti-oxidation effects. If further study is performed, the use of Houttuyniae Herba extract will be valuable and benificial in the therapy of Propionibactrium acnes.

Studies on Renal Action of Atractylodes Rhizoma Alba in Dogs (백출의 신장작용에 관한 연구)

  • 이돈일;고석태
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.97-106
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    • 1976
  • The actions of Atractylodes rhizoma alba on renal function of dog were investigated with water and methanol extract of it, utilizing clearance technique. Water extract elicited diuresis while methanol extract induced antidiuresis in the dog when they were given intravenously. The diuresis induced by the intravenous water extract seemed to be closely related to the decrement of reabsorption of electrolytes in renal tubules. On the contrary, the antidiuresis by intravenous methanol extract appeared to be related to the increment of renal reabsorption of sodium. Water and methanol extract, when infused into a renal artery, exhibited identical resposes to the intravenous actions confined only to the infused kidney, inferring that renal actions of water and methanol extract are not mediated by any endognous humoral extract are not mediated by any endogenous humoral agents. From these observations it is concluded that diuretic action of water extract and antidiuretic action of methanol extract were brought about by direct action in the renal tubules.

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Effect of Hot Water Soluble Extract from Angelicae Radix on the Lipid Metabolism and Antioxidant Defense System (당귀열수추출물이 종류가 다른 지방식이를 공급한 흰쥐의 지질대사와 항산화계에 미치는 영향)

  • Won, Hyang-Rye
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.127-132
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    • 2005
  • The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix on the components of serum and liver and the effects on the antioxidant system. For this purpose, five experimental groups were set up. And for fat source, perila oil enough with unsaturated fatty acid and beef tallow enough with saturated fatty acid were supplemented to the rats together with hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radixs. Five experimental groups kept eight Sprague-Dawley rats respectively. They were CO group supplemented with basic diet of AIN-93, PO group supplemented with perila oil, POA group supplemented with perila oil and hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix, BT group supplemented with beef tallow, and BTA group supplemented with beef tallow and hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix. The results were; 1) Final weight, weight gain, fluid intake and FER were not different significantly among the experimental groups, 2) Significant difference of food intake was observed(p<0.05) in BTA group only, 3) No significant difference was observed in serum total lipid, serum triglyceride and HDL cholesterol among experimental groups. Serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were significantly low(p<0.05) in the group supplemented with beef tallow which was with hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix (BTA group). 4)Liver total cholesterol in liver was low in groups supplemented with perila oil and hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix. In summary, hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix did not affect the weight gain, fluid intake and food efficiency ratio among the experimental groups, but had an effect of lowering food intake, serum total cholesterol and serum LDL cholesterol significantly in the groups which were supplemented with beef tallow and hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix. The effect of lowering liver total cholesterol with the supplementation of hot water soluble extract from AnRelicae Radix was observed in perila oil group only. The effect of lowering cholesterol with the supplementation of hot water soluble extract from Angelicae Radix was observed both in serum and in liver.

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Effect of Gastrodiae Rhizoma Extract on Blood Pressure and Plasma Catecholamine Level in Unanaesthetized Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (천마(天麻)엑기스가 Spontaneously Hypertensive Rat 에서 혈압(血壓) 및 혈장(血漿) Catecholamine 함량의 변화(變化)에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Yang, Chae-Ha;Kwen, Yong-Zun;Kim, Mi-Ryeo
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.433-446
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    • 1995
  • The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of water extract and 70% ethanol extract from Gastrodiae Rhizoma on cardiovascular activities and plasma levels of catecholamines in unanaesthetized spontaneously hypertensive rats. The depressor response in SHR was observed during three to six hour period after an oral administration of water extract from Gastrodiae Rhizoma(GR). There was a statistically significant correlation between the magnitude of the depressor response induced by an oral administration of water extract from GR and the initial control blood pressure level. The increase in blood pressure induced by norepinephrine was less in Wistar rat treated with GR water extract than those without GR extract. No significant change in heart rate was observed in SHR receiving either water extract or ethanol extract from GR. Associated with the depressor response, there was a concomitant reduction in plasma levels of norepinephrine in SHR at 4 hour after an oral administration of water extract from GR. Plasma levels of norepinephrine and epinephrine were decreased slightly at 2 hour after an oral administration of ethanol extract from GR. These results suggest that the depressor effect of water extract from GR may be due, in part, to a decreased sympathoadrenal activity.

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Antioxidant Activities of Hot Water and Ethanol Extracts from Portulacae Herba (마치현 열수 및 에탄올 추출물의 항산화 활성)

  • Park, So-Ra;Han, Ji-Woo;Kang, Ji-Young;Kil, Ki-Jung;Yoo, Ji-Hyun
    • The Korea Journal of Herbology
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2017
  • Objectives : This study aims to provide basic data about Portulacae Herba (PH) extracts as natural antioxidants by considering diverse antioxidant activities of PH depending on solvents. Methods : The samples of PH were pulverized, and A hot water and a 70% EtOH were stir-extracted for two hours three times repeatedly in a water bath with a temperature of 95 degrees and at room temperature respectively to measure 7 kinds of antioxidant activities. Results : There were significant differences in total phenol content, because the total phenol content of the 70% EtOH extract was higher than the hot water extract's, and the total flavonoid content of the 70% EtOH extract($4.40{\mu}g/mg$) was nearly 3.8 times higher than the hot water extract's($1.16{\mu}g/mg$). DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging activities were 70% EtOH extract showed a little higher activity than the hot water extract, and at a concentration of $500{\mu}g/mg$, the highest scavenging activity was found in the 70% EtOH extract, not in the control group. Hydroxyl radical and $Fe^{2+}$ chelatingactivities were slightly higher in hot water extract than in 70% EtOH extract, and increased in a dose-dependent manner. Nitrite scavenging activities increased dose-dependently in the hot water and the 70% EtOH extract, regardless of the pH level, and scavenging activity of the 70% EtOH extract was higher at pH 1.2 than at pH 3.0. Conclusions : In conclusion, it is thought that PH hot water and 70% EtOH extract have antioxidant activities, and can be used as natural antioxidants in future.

Inhibitory Effect and Mechanism on Melanogenesis of Radix glycyrrhizae Water Extract (감초 물추출물의 멜라닌 형성 억제효과 및 기전에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jin;Kwen, Il-ho;Lim, Hong-jin;Lim, Kyu-sang;Hwang, Chung-yeon
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.96-118
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    • 2003
  • The effect of Glycyrrhizae Radix water extract, known as depigmenting agent, on melanin biosynthesis was investigated in cellular level by using B16 mouse melanoma cells. The inhibitory effect of Glycyrrhizae Radix water extract on melanogenesis was determined by mushroom tyrosinase assay traditionally using in vitro screening test. To determine whether Glycyrrhizae Radix water extract suppress melanin synthesis in cellular level, B16 mouse melanoma cells were cultured in the presence of different concentrations of Glycyrrhizae Radix water extract. Effects on cell proliferation, melanin biosynthesis, tyrosinase activity, DOPAchrome tautomerase activity, and expression level of mRNA for tyrosinase were examined. The maximum concentration of Glycyrrhizae Radix water extract that was not inhibitory to growth of the cells was 2 mgml. At that concentration, melanin synthesis was significantly inhibited without cytotoxicity after 5 days, compared with untreated cells. The treatment with Glycyrrhizae Radix water extract reduced tyrosinase and DOPAchrome tautomerase activity in a dose-dependent manner. However, the treatment with Glycyrrhizae Radix water extract did not affect significantly mRNA levels for tyrosinase. These results suggest that the inhibitory effect of Glycyrrhizae Radix water extract on melanogenesis is correlated with the suppression of tyrosinase and DOPAchrome tautomerase activity more than altering mRNA levels of tyrosinase.

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Effects of Hwang Keum Jag Yag Tang Water Extract on the Plasma Cortisol Concentration and in the Rabbit and on the Analgesic Effect in the Mouse (黃芩芍藥湯 煎湯液이 血漿Cortisol 및 鎭痛에 미치는 影響)

  • Oh, Chun-Keun;Hwang, Choong-Yeon;Lee, Ki-Nam
    • The Journal of Korean Medicine Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology and Dermatology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.41-57
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    • 1990
  • In order to investigate the effects of Hwang Keum Jag Yag Tang (HJT) water extract on the plasma cortisol concentration in the rabbit and on the analgesic effect in the mouse were administered. The results were summarized as follow: 1. Intravenous administration of HJT water extract at the dose of 0.2ml/kg remarkably increased plasma cortisol concentration after two hour. 2. Intravenous administration of HJT water extract at the dose of 0.4ml/kg significantly increased plasma cortisol concentration after one hour. 3. Intravenous administration of HJT water extract at the dose of 0.2ml/kg, all the experimental period, significantly increased plasma sodium concentration. 4. Intravenous administration of HJT water extract at the dose of 0.4m1/kg significantly decreased plasma potassium concentration. 5. Intravenous administration of HJT water extract at the dose of 0.2ml/kg and 0.4ml/kg, all the experimental period, significantly decreased plasma calcium concentration. 6. The analgesic effect of HJT water extract showed inhibitory effect more than at 0.1ml/20g. According to the results, Hwang Keum Jag Yag Tang water extract remarkably increased plasma cortisol concentration and showed analgesic effect.

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