• Title, Summary, Keyword: weight control preparation

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The Effects of Low Calorie Meal and Weight Control Preparation on the Reduction of Body Weight and Visceral Fat in Obese Females (비만여성에서 저열량식사와 체중감량제 섭취에 의한 체중 및 체지방 감소 효과)

  • Park, Sun-Mi;Han, Dae-Seok;Kim, Dong-Woo;Lee, Sun-Yung
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.9
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    • pp.1492-1500
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of low calorie meal substitute and weight control preparation containing dietary fibers, ${\alpha}$-amylase inhibitor and hydroxycitrate on the reduction of body weight and visceral fat in obese women. Sixteen pre-menoposal healthy women (age: 20∼50 y, body mass index >25) who were living in the Daejeon area participated in this study. We replaced one meal of the subject with low calorie meal substitute and fed the weight control preparation twice a day for 9 weeks. Anthropometric indices, body composition, dietary intake and stool movements were investigated every 3 weeks during the dietary intervention. The blood was collected before and after the dietary intervention. Results are as follows: 1) The subjects' body weight, body fat, BMI, waist, hip and abdominal adipose tissue decreased gradually and significantly between 3rd and 9th week after intervention. 2) The levels of fasting blood glucose, triglyceride and cholesterol, the indicators of liver dysfunction such as activities of ALT, AST and ALP, and bilirubin level were within a normal range and not affected significantly by dietary intervention. 3) Hemoglobin levels increased significantly and blood urea nitrogen level decreased. 4) Their stool movement was improved 5) Compared with the baseline values, calorie intake decreased by 17.5∼21.9% and the intakes of vitamin A, vitamin B2, folate, Ca, Fe, and Zn were below 80% of Korean RDA. In conclusion, the intake of low calorie meal substitute and weight control preparation could be effective in reduction of body weight and fat mass, improving the stool movement and the general physical symptoms.

Emulsion Polymerization of Vinyl Acetate Using AAPH (AAPH를 이용한 아세트산비닐의 유화중합)

  • Kwak, Jin-Woo;Kim, Joon-Ho;Lyoo, Won-Seok
    • Proceedings of the Korean Fiber Society Conference
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    • pp.13-16
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    • 2003
  • Vinyl acetate monomer can be polymerized through bulk, solution, emulsion, and suspension polymerization processes. However, in the preparation of PVA from bulk or solution polymerization, there are several technical limitations for obtaining high yield and high molecular weight simultaneously. Thus, the improvement of polymerization method is necessary to prepare the PVA with high yield and high molecular weight because that the difficulty in control of high viscosity and in removal of the heat of polymerization, which might lead to side reactions like branching. (omitted)

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Effects of Dietary Herbaceous Peat and Vitamin C on Immunity and Growth Performance in Holstein Calves (허브부식토 및 비타민 C 급여가 홀스타인 송아지의 면역력 및 증체에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hong-Yun;Park, Joong-Kook;Ahn, Jong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Organic Agriculture
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.577-587
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to determine the effects of supplementing herbaceous peat preparation and vitamin C in order to find out its effects on immunity and growth performance in Holstein calves. Twenty Holstein calves ($39.3{\pm}4.21kg$ average initial body weight) were allocated into four treatments by completely randomized design. Dietary treatments included: 1) control (Basal diet), 2) treatment 1 (control +5% herbaceous peat), 3) treatment 2 (control+10g vitamin C) and 4) treatment 3 (control+10g herbaceous peat+10g vitamin C). The duration of the experiment was 38 days in this experiment, and blood metabolism, dry matter intake, body weight and diarrhea frequency were investigated. For blood metabolism, white blood cells (WBC), neutrophils (NE), lymphocytes (LY), and red blood cells (RBC) did not show any significant differences among treatments. Average daily gain and feed conversion were highest in T1 group feeding with the herbaceous peat preparation compared to the control groups and diarrhea frequency showed lowest in T3 group. Overall results of the present experiment indicated that dietary supplementation with herbaceous peat influenced positively on growth performances in Holstein calves.

The Change on Food Habits of Girls Students Living in Jeonbuk Region (전북 일부지역의 여자 중.고.대학생의 식습관 변화)

  • 장혜순;김미라
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.366-374
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the change in food habits of girl students 1985 and 1998. A similar study had been conducted in 1985 and this study was carried in May, 1998 using the questionnaires. The subjects were 746 female students in middle school, high school and university students living in Jeonbuk region. The average score of food habit was $4.11{\pm}1.63$ out of a possible 10. This averge is lower than the 4.91 score in 1985, especially the score of university students lowered from 4.80 points to $3.52{\pm}1.58$ points. The correlation coefficient between the score of food habit and standard of living, utilizing increase as compared with the 54.9% in 1985. The most preferred side-dish changed from fried food to Kimchi. The preference of snacks was not changed. Eating bread increased at breakfast but eating noodles increased at lunch. University students' lunch basket preparation ratio decreased from 32.6% to 3.3%, so they had more noodles at refectory than lunch basket. The reason for skipping breakfast did not changes, but skipping lunch changed from annoyance due to lunch basket preparation to lack of time and no appetite. Skipping supper was changed from missing time to weight control. Having supper at home decreased from 96.6% to 75.9%. Substitution food on no preparation of lunch basket was changed from bread to noodles. The preference for biscuits and snack did not changes but fewer students preftered bread and fried food. In order to improve the nutritional status of the girl students, they must establish good food habits, especially by eating 3 regular meals per day and balancing their diet they should also be notified that severe weight control is very harmful for health.

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Catalytic Supplementation of Urea-molasses on Nutritional Performance of Male Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) Calves

  • Sahoo, A.;Elangovan, A.V.;Mehra, U.R.;Singh, U.B.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.621-628
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    • 2004
  • Twenty male buffalo calves of 6-9 months of age (average body weight, 97 kg) were randomly allocated into two main groups of four (control) and sixteen (supplemented) calves. The supplemented group was further divided in to four equal sub-groups, with the two groups supplemented with a liquid preparation of urea-molasses, UML1, containing fish meal and UML2, containing formaldehyde treated deoiled mustard cake (FDMC) and the other two, with a semi-solid preparation, UMC1 with FDMC and deoiled rice bran (DORB) contributing similar level of CP as in UML2 and UMC2 with double the level of FDMC to that in UMC1. The control group was fed with DORB along with ad libitum wheat straw at 40:60 ratios. The rest of the groups were fed on the above diet supplemented with 500 g (as fed basis) of urea-molasses preparations. The experimental feeding was carried out for 24 weeks including a metabolism trial towards the end of experimental feeding. Daily feed intake and fortnightly change in live weight were also recorded during the study. Catalytic supplementation of 500 g urea-molasses induced 8-25% higher voluntary feed intake of wheat straw, resulting in 15-25% higher DM and OM intake. The digestibility of DM, OM, total carbohydrate, NDF, ADF, hemicellulose and cellulose in all the dietary groups were comparable. The CP digestibility of calves in supplemented groups were higher (p<0.05) than the control group. The balance of nutrients, viz. N, Ca and P, was also higher in the supplemented groups. Significantly higher intake of digestible CP coupled with other digestible nutrients attributed to higher TDN (1.67-1.78 vs. 1.37 kg) and ME (5.94-6.31 vs. 4.87 Mcal) intake in urea-molasses supplemented groups which resulted in higher live weight gain compared to that in control group (p<0.01). Between the supplements, UML2 and UMC2 faired non-significantly, indicating formalin treated mustard cake as a suitable replacement to fishmeal in the supplement. The overall ranking based on intake and digestibility of nutrients, live weight gain, economic evaluation and input-output relationship revealed that the rations with UML2 and UMC1 to be of greater value compared to other types. From the study it can be concluded that young ruminants can be reared successfully on a basal diet of deoiled rice bran and wheat straw supplemented with cheaper urea-molasses-mineral mix.

Evaluation of Dietary Multiple Enzyme Preparation (Natuzyme) in Laying Hens

  • Lee, K.W.;Choi, Y.I.;Moon, E.J.;Oh, S.T.;Lee, H.H.;Kang, C.W.;An, B.K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.27 no.12
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    • pp.1749-1754
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    • 2014
  • The current experiment was designed to evaluate the efficacy of adding the multi-enzyme mixture (Natuzyme) into layers' diets with different levels of energy and available phosphorus in relation to laying performance, egg qualities, blood cholesterol level, microflora and intestinal viscosity. Two hundred and fifty 43-wk-old Hy-Line commercial layers were divided into five groups with five replicates per group (10 birds per replicate) and fed one of five experimental diets. A corn and soybean meal-based control diet was formulated and used as a control diet. Two experimental control diets were formulated to reduce energy and crude protein contents (rE) or energy, crude protein and phosphorus contents (rEP). In addition, Natuzyme was added into either rE (rE-Natu500) or rEP (rEP-Natu500) diet to reach a concentration of 500 mg per kg of diet. The experiment lasted 8 weeks. There were no significant differences in feed intake, egg production, egg weight, egg qualities such as eggshell color or Haugh unit, total cholesterol, relative organ weights and cecal microflora profiles between any dietary treatments. Natu500 supplementation into the rE diet, but not rEP diet significantly increased egg mass and eggshell qualities such as strength and thickness, but it decreased cecal ammonia concentration and intestinal viscosity in laying hens. In conclusion, the present study shows that adding multiple enzyme preparation could improve performance of laying hens fed energy and protein restricted diets.

Effects of Calcium on Textural and Sensory Properties of Ramyon (칼슘의 첨가에 따른 라면의 조직감과 관능적 특성)

  • 정재홍
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.252-257
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    • 1999
  • In an attempt to evaluate the effects of calcium on paste or gelatinization properties by amylograph and mixing properties by farinograph of wheat flour and on viscosity property cooking quality textural and sensory properties of Ramyon were examined. The contents of calcium used were from 1.0% to 3.0% based on flour weight. The viscosity property of wheat flour with calcium was increased the initial past-ing temperature but the amylograph peak viscosity were decreased in vice versa. The farinograph absorp-tion stability and breakdown were increased by calcium. The shear extrusion force and hardness of Ram-yon manufactured with calcium were shown much higher value than those of control. At cooking quality examination of Ramyon manufactured with calcium weight of cooked Ramyon was increased by volume was decreased. Extraction amounts of Ramyon manufactured with calcium during cooking were much smaller than those of control. These changes will provided many advantages in the preparation of Ram-yon. The I2 reaction value of Ramyon manufactured with calcium and control were shown to almost same values. Sensory properties of cooked Ramyon which was manufactured with calcium showed quite acceptable. Based on the cooking and sensory evaluation test addition of 0.3% calcim to wheat flour may be suitable for processing Ramyon.

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The Physiological Activities of Kyung Ok-Ko(II) -Effects on the Hyperglycemia, Hypertension, Anti-Fatigue and Decrease of Body Weight- (경옥고의 생리활성 (II) -고혈당, 고혈압, 지구력 및 체중감소에 미치는 영향-)

  • Whang, Wan-Kyunn;Oh, In-Se;Lee, Suk-Hee;Choi, Soo-Bu;Kim, Il-Hyuk
    • Korean Journal of Pharmacognosy
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.51-58
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    • 1994
  • The studies were conducted to investigate the anti-diabetic activities on the hyperglycemia induced by streptozotocin in rats, anti-hypertensive activities in SHR, anti-fatigue and decrease of body weight activities in mice by Kyung Ok-Ko water extract and drink, which is a traditional preparation in Korea. 1. The blood glucose levels of streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic rats were dose-dependently decreased by administrations of various doses(300, 600, 1200 mg/kg) of Kyung Ok-Ko water extract. Particularly, administration of 600, 1200 mg/kg were significantly shown to decrease glucose levels comparing with control group. 2. The serum total cholesterol levels of streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic rats were dose-dependently decreased by administrations of various doses(300, 600, 1200 mg/kg) of Kyung Ok-Ko water extract. Particularly, administration of 600, 1200 mg/kg were significantly shown to decrease total cholesterol levels comparing with control group. 3. The serum triglyceride levels of streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemic rats were dose-dependently decreased by administrations of various doses(300, 600, 1200 mg/kg) of Kyung Ok-Ko water extract. Particularly, administration of 600, 1200 mg/kg were significantly shown to decrease triglyceride levels comparing with control group. 4. The blood pressure in SHRs were dose-dependently lower descended by administration of Kyung Ok-Ko water extract 300, 600, and 1200 mg/kg, respectively. 5. The swimming time of Kyung Ok-Ko water extract(100, 200, 400 mg/kg) and drink(0.7, 1.4, 2.1 ml/kg) were significantly extended to all experimental group dose-dependantly. 6. The decrease of body weight of Kyung Ok-Ko water extract(100, 200, 400 mg/kg) and drink(0.7, 1.4, 2.1 ml/kg) were significantly evaluated dose-dependently in all experimental group.

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Preparation of High-Fiber Bread with Camellia (Camellia Japonica L.) Seed Flour (동백유박을 이용한 고식이섬유빵 제조)

  • 강성구;최옥자;김용두;이홍철;고무석
    • Korean Journal of Plant Resources
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.358-362
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    • 1998
  • This study was carried out to examine the effect on the contents of dietary fiber, mechanical properties, and sensory quality of bread contained with 10% of high-fiber Camellia (Camellia japonica L.) seed flour. Bread added by dietary fiber was the contents of moisture, protein and ash higher than control bread, while the contents of lipid lower than that of control bread. The high-fiber with Camellia seed flour contained 8.6% soluble dietary fiber, 43.7% insoluble dietary fiber, and 52.3% total dietary fiber. The ratio of insoluble dietary fiber/soluble dietary fiber in the high-fiber with Camelia seed flour was 5 times. Bread with the addition of dietary fiber contained 6.9% total dietary fiber. With the addition of dietary fiber, water absorption , mixing time loaf weight, and hardness increased, but the loaf volume decreased . The sensory quality on bread added by dietary fiber was somewhat low in color, appearance, crumb texture, mouthfeel, flavor and overall preference was higher than that of control bread.

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A Study on the Polymerization of Energetic Poly(NEO) (에너지를 함유한 선 폴리머인 poly(NEO) 제조 공정 연구)

  • Cheun Young Gu;Kim Jin Seuk
    • Journal of the Korea Institute of Military Science and Technology
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.109-117
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    • 2004
  • We synthesized energetic prepolymer(2-nitrato ethyl oxirane, NEO) for plastic-bonded explosive and measured its thermodynamic parameters. 2-Nitrato ethyl oxirane(NEO) as a monomer was synthesized from 4-butene-ol, the first-step was preparation of 1-nitrate-3-butene and second-step was synthesized 2-nitrate-ethyl oxirane from 1nitrate-3-butene and then polymerized by cationic ring opening polymerization. The unreacted monomer concentration was measured by GC. The thermodynamic parameters were obtained from the ceiling temperature(Tc) values of 1 mole monomer at each reaction temperature. We varied feed rate of monomer, concentration of initiator and monomer to control molecular weight and polydispersity of perpolymer(NEO). Number average molecular weight(Mn), polydispersity(PD), and glass transition temperature(Tg), viscosity of prepolymer(NEO) were 2000, 1.07, $-55^{\circ}C$ and 300 poise respectively.