• 제목, 요약, 키워드: wheat flour

검색결과 960건 처리시간 0.037초

시판 중인 우리밀 및 수입밀 밀가루의 품질 및 특성 비교 분석 (Comparison of Quality Analyses of Domestic and Imported Wheat Flour Products Marketed in Korea)

  • 김상숙;정혜영
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.287-293
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    • 2014
  • The physicochemical characteristics of 4 domestic wheat flour products were compared to those of 4 imported wheat flour products marketed in Korea. The contents of moisture, ash, protein, total dietary fiber (TDF), color (L, a, b), whiteness, solvent retention capacity (SRC), water absorption index (WAI), water soluble index (WSI), pasting characteristics by rapid visco analyzer (RVA), and principle component analysis (PCA) were analyzed. The domestic wheat flour products were composed of higher content in ash and protein, compared to the imported wheat flour products. The domestic wheat flour products had lower SRC and WSI characteristics than the imported wheat flour products. The values of lactic acid SRC (LASRC) in the imported wheat flour products showed an increasing trend as the protein content increased. The differences in viscosity were observed in the domestic wheat flour products. However, no major significant differences of viscosity were found among the imported wheat flour products. The result of PCA showed a consistent trend in the imported wheat flour (strong, medium, and weak), while a consistent trend was not shown in the domestic wheat flour products. Therefore, further research is needed to standardize the different types of domestic wheat flour products.

전립분 첨가 반죽의 물리적 특성 (Rheological Properties of Dough with Whole Wheat Flour)

  • 김영호;최광수;손동화;김정호
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.817-823
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    • 1996
  • 전립분의 입도를 달리하여 거친전립분, 고운전립분을 각각 첨가했을 경우 첨가량에 따른 반죽의 물리적 성질을 조사하였다. Farinograph는 전립분 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 흡수량은 거친전립분에서 감소하는 반면 고운전립분은 증가하였다. 반죽도달시간 및 반죽형성시간은 거친전립분의 경우 고운전립분 보다 길어졌다. 약화도는 전립분 첨가량이 증가할수록 약화도가 커졌다. Extensograph는 전립분 첨가량이 증가할수록 신장도 및 신장저 항도가 감소하였으며, 거친전립분에서 신장저항도가 고운전립분 보다 전반적으로 높은 수치를 보였다. Amylograph는 전립 분 첨가량이 증가할수록 최고 점도가 감소하였다. 백도는 전립분 침가량의 증가에 따라 낮았으며, 동일량의 첨가구에서는 거친전림분이 고운전립분 보다 백도값이 다소 높아 약간 밝은 색을 띠었다.

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Substituting Normal and Waxy-Type Whole Wheat Flour on Dough and Baking Properties

  • Choi, In-Duck;Kang, Chun-Sik;Cheong, Young-Keun;Hyun, Jong-Nae;Kim, Kee-Jong
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.197-202
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    • 2012
  • Normal (cv. Keumkang, KK) and waxy-type (cv. Shinmichal, SMC) whole wheat flour was substituted at 20 and 40% for white wheat flour (WF) during bread dough formulation. The flour blends were subjected to dough and baking property measurement in terms of particle size distribution, dough mixing, bread loaf volume and crumb firmness. The particle size of white wheat flour was the finest, with increasing coarseness as the level of whole wheat flour increased. Substitution of whole wheat flour decreased pasting viscosity, showing all RVA parameters were the lowest in SMC40 composite flour. Water absorption was slightly higher with 40% whole wheat flour regardless of whether the wheat was normal or waxy. An increased mixing time was observed when higher levels of KK flour were substituted, but the opposite reaction occurred when SMC flour was substituted at the same levels. Bread loaf volume was lower in breads containing a whole wheat flour substitution compared to bread containing only white wheat flour. No significant difference in bread loaf volume was observed between normal and waxy whole flour, but the bread crumb firmness was significantly lower in breads containing waxy flour. The results of these studies indicate that up to 40% whole wheat flour substitution could be considered a practical option with respect to functional qualities. Also, replacing waxy whole flour has a positive effect on bread formulation over normal whole wheat flour in terms of improving softness and glutinous texture.

감자 Lipoxygenase 가 밀가루 반죽의 페리노그라프 특성에 미치는 영향 (The Effect of Potato Lipoxygenase on the Farinograph Characteristics of Wheat Flour Dough)

  • 문정원;서명자
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.110-115
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    • 1994
  • To investigate the effect of potato lipoxygenase on the farinograph characteristics of wheat flour dough, composite flours containing enzyme-active potato flor (EPF) and hot-ar dried potato flour(HPF) were used. EPF was made by freeze-drying potato tuber. DPF (denaturated potato flour) was prepared by holding EPF at 8$0^{\circ}C$ for 18 hr in a dry oven. The potato flours were added to wheat flour at a level of 10% , respectivley. EPFB (enzyme-active potato flour blends, 90% wheat flour +105 enzyme -active potato flour) containing lipoxygenase activity gave higher farinogram peak time and higher stability values, lower MTI (mixing tolerance index ) and lower weakness values than those of HPFB(hot-air potato flour blends, 90% wheat flour + 10 % hot-air potato flour). Moreover, then lipoxygenase was added to DPFB(denatured potato flour blends , 90% wheat flour + 10% denatured potato flour) at a level of EPFB, it resulted in increasing stability, peak time and decreasing MTI , weakness at a level of EPFB. When the lipoxugenase was added to wheat flour with fumaric acid at alevel of 6.5 $\times$ 10units/g flour, lipoxygenase overcame the deleterious effects that fumaric acid including activated double-bond compounds have at mixing stability. Also the addition of liposxygenase with linoleic acid to defatted wheat flour resulted in the increase in stability and decrease in MTI value compared with those of linoleic acid and defatted wheat flour.

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전립분 첨가빵의 품질과 제빵 과정 중 Phytic Acid 변화 (Qualities of Bread and Changes in Phytic Acid during Breadmaking with Whole Wheat Flour)

  • 김영호
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.779-785
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    • 1996
  • 전립분 입도를 달리하여 거친전립분, 고운전립분을 각각 첨가했을 경우 첨가량에 따른 제빵과정 중 phytic acid 함량 변화와 전립분 첨가빵의 품질을 조사하였다. 회분 함량은 밀가루가 0.413%, 전립분이 1.569%로 전립분이 밀가루 보다 무기성분이 현저히 많았으며, 섬유소도 같은 경향이었다. Amino acid 중에서 glutamic acid 의 함량이 밀가루 및 전립분에서 32~36g/100g protein으로 다른 amino acid 함량 보다 많았다. Lysine, glycine, arginine, aspartic acid는 전립 분에 많았으며, proline, glutamic acid, phenylalanine은 밀가루에 많았다. Phytic acid 함량은 밀가루에서 0.312%, 전립분에서 0.734% 로 나타났다. 제빵 과정 중 phytic acid 함량은 yeast 첨가량 3%첨가구 보다 5% 첨가구에서 더 크게 감소하였다. Phytic acid 함량은 yeast food 무첨가, 0.1, 0.3 및 0.5% 첨가 중 0.1% 첨가구에서 감소되는 효과가 가장 컸다. 전립분 첨가빵 품질에 있어서 거친전립분 30%, 고운전립분 50% 첨가까지는 빵의 부피에 현저한 감소는 없었다. 전립분 첨가량이 증가함에 따라 빵의 부피는 감소하고 색택이 검어졌으며, 관능검사는 거친 전립분 20% 첨가, 고운전립분 30% 첨가한 것이 선호도가 높았다.

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두유박 분말 첨가가 식빵 반죽에 미치는 영향 (Effect of Soybean Milk Residues Powder on the Quality of Dough)

  • 신두호;이연화
    • 한국식품영양학회지
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.381-391
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    • 2006
  • The rheological properties of dough made the substitution of wheat flour(composite flour) at the levels of 0%, 5%, 10% and 15% soymilk residue flour, with addition of vital wheat gluten at the levels of 3, 6 and 9% were investigated. And nutrition contents of soymilk residue flour were analyzed. The results were as follows; Principal components of soymilk residue flour were 22.0% crude protein, 13.2% crude lipid, 54.3% carbohydrate, 27.2% dietary fiber and $220{\mu}g/g$ isoflavones. Free amino acid component of soymilk residue were L-glutamic acid, L-leucine, L-lysine, L-valine, L-phenylalanine, L-isoleucine, L-threonine, L-methionine and L-cystine. Total dietary fiber content of bread with soymilk residue and wheat flour were 5% soymilk residue; 3.50%, 10% soymilk residues; 4.65%, 15% soymilk residues; 5.96%, and wheat flour bread: 2.1% respectively Mixing water absorption capacity was increased by increasing amounts of added soymilk residue and vital wheat gluten. Dough development time was increased by increasing amounts of added soymilk residues, while decreased by increasing amounts of vital wheat gluten. The dough volume of composite flour with 5%, 10% and 15% soymilk residue flour were the smaller than wheat flour dough. But the dough volume was increased by added vital wheat gluten, and the composite flour with 5% soymilk residue flour and 9% vital wheat gluten was better than the others. This study proved that the dough volume of composite flour with 5% soymilk residue flour and 9% vital wheat gluten was better than the others. On the other hand, the soymilk residue flour contains dietary fiber, isoflavone, protein, lipid and carbohydrate. Therefore the soymilk residue flour will be very useful as food material.

쌀가루 혼합빵의 관능적 품질 (Sensory Quality of Rice-Wheat Bread)

  • 조숙자;정은희
    • 한국농촌생활과학회지
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.91-97
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    • 1995
  • The sensory quality and the baking property of blonds containing 10-50% of rice flour with wheat flour were analysed by QDA. As sensory characteristics, color, air cell size, air cell distribution, flavor, softness, chewiness and overall quality were evaluated. Bread could be made successfully even using up to 50% rice flour. The color, flavor, softness and chewiness were increased in rice-wheat bread especially using 10∼30% of rice flour, but in case of using 40∼50% of rice flour those characteristics were not significantly different from those of wheat bread. The size of air cell in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread was not significantly different but in 40∼50% rice-wheat bread it was increased. The distribution of air cell was more even in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread than in wheat bread, but not in 40∼50% rice-wheat bread. The overall quality of rice-wheat bread was shown to be better in 10∼30% rice-wheat bread than in wheat bread.

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첨가제를 이용한 한국산 밀가루 국수의 탈색 (Discoloration of Korean Wheat Flour Noodles with Additives)

  • 김명신;고봉경
    • 한국식품과학회지
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    • v.32 no.4
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    • pp.792-798
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    • 2000
  • 한국산 소맥 가공제품에 대한 첨가제의 탈색효과를 알아보기 위하여 한국산 밀가루에 탈색을 하기 위한 다양한 첨가제를 넣어 반죽하고 반죽의 탈색에 가장 효과적인 두 가지 첨가제, ascorbic acid와 cysteine을 선택하였다. 0.1%의 ascorbic acid와 2%의 ascorbic acid를 첨가하면 생면과 건면의 명도를 개선시키는데는 효과적이나, 조리된 면에서는 0.05% cysteine 이 가장 효과적이었다. 국수의 기계적 물성은 2%의 ascorbic acid를 첨가한 국수가 수입 소맥 국수와 가장 비슷한 물성을 나타내었다. 조리면의 관능적 특성은 0.05%의 cysteine을 첨가한 국수는 가장 적은 황적색도와 회갈색정도를 띄어서 색을 개선하는데 가장 효과 적이며 이러한 국수는 높은 품질 선호도를 보인 반면, 2%의 ascorbic acid를 첨가한 국수는 가장 짙은 황적색을 띠었고 진한 뒷맛이 느껴져, 전체적인 기호도가 가장 나쁘게 평가되었다. 이상의 첨가제 의한 한국산 밀가루로 만든 국수의 탈색효과는 색도 및 기계적 관능적 특성을 종합하였을 때 0.05%의 cysteine이 가장 효과적인 첨가제로 평가되었다.

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밀기울 첨가 반죽의 물리적 특성 (Rheological Properties of Dough Added with Wheat Bran)

  • 김영호
    • 한국식품영양과학회지
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    • v.27 no.6
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    • pp.1125-1131
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    • 1998
  • The rheological properties of wheat flour dough were investigated in the dough added with 0, 10, 15, 20, 25 and 30% of wheat bran. The ratios of ash contents in wheat flour and wheat bran were 0.43% and 5.28%, respectively. The ratios of fiber contents in wheat flour and wheat bran were 0.18% and 11.86%, respectively. The farinograph water absorption was increased as the amount of wheat bran was increased. Both arrival time and development time of the dough added with wheat bran were longer than those of wheat flour. As the amount of wheat bran was increased, the weakness was increased. The extensograph showed that extensibility and resistance to extension of dough were decreased, while the ratio of resistance to extensibility(R/E) was increased with increasing the amo unt of wheat bran. The maximum viscosity by amylograph was decreased gradually with the adding amount of wheat bran, while the gelatinization temperature was slightly increased with wheat bran.

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밀가루 첨가 및 발효시간에 따른 증편의 특성 (The effects of partial replacement of rice flour with wheat flour and fermentationi time on the characteristics of Jeung-Pyun)

  • 김영희
    • 대한가정학회지
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.63-73
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    • 1985
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of fermentation time and the proportion of wheat flour to rice flour on Jeung-Pyun's texture. Textural characteristics were examined through sensory Evaluation and Instron Universal testing machine. The properties examined through sensory evaluation were grain, softness, sourness, chewiness and overall quality. Wigh Instron, hardness, cohesivenessm elasticity, gumminess and chewiness were measured. RESULTS : 1. Sensory evaluation data indicated that Jeung-Pyun containing 25% wheat flour and fermented 2 hrs were obtained higher scores than any other Jeug-Pyuns in the grain, softness and overall quality. 2. pHs of Jeung-pyundough and Jeung-Pyun containing 100% rice flour were lower than pHs of those with wheat flour added. 3. Volume of Jeung-Pyun increased as the proportion of wheat flour to rice flour and the length of fermentation time increased. 4. Instron measurement indicated that the hardness of Jeung-Pyun with 50% wheat flour added and 2hrs fermentation time was higher than of others.

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