• Title, Summary, Keyword: wheat flour

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The Effects of Wheat Flour Addition on Retarding Retrogradation in Korean Rice Cakes(Karedduk) (떡의 노화 억제에 대한 밀가루 첨가의 효과)

  • Kim, Sang-Sook;Chung, Hae-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.22 no.2
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    • pp.185-191
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    • 2009
  • This study investigated the effects of adding hard and soft wheat flour to Korean rice cakes(Karedduk) to retard retrogradation, by examining texture properties and descriptive sensory qualities after 2 and 24 hrs of storage at $5^{\circ}C$. The hard and soft wheat flour were combined with dry rice flour at levels of 0, 5, 10, and 20%. The texture properties, as analyzed by a Texture Analyzer, revealed that the springiness, cohesiveness, and adhesiveness of the rice cakes containing wheat flour were similar to those of the control, while chewiness, gumminess, and hardness were lower compared to the control. Also, in sensory analyses, hardness was significantly different in the rice cakes containing wheat flour compared to the control after 24 hrs of storage at $5^{\circ}C$. Overall, the instrumental texture properties were highly correlated with the sensory characteristics. These results suggest that adding hard and soft wheat flour to Korean rice cakes(Karedduk) is effective at retarding retrogradation.

Quality Characteristics of Muffins with Korean Whole Wheat Flour (국내산 전립분을 첨가한 머핀의 품질 특성)

  • An, Hyelyung
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.4
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    • pp.125-134
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to examine quality properties of muffin by the amount of addition of Korean whole wheat flour (0%, 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%) as there is increasingly higher interest in the healthy food. The effect of Korean whole wheat flour were evaluated in terms of height, volume, weight, specific volume, baking loss rate, colorimeter, and sensory evaluation. Texture and moisture contents of muffins when storage (1, 3, 5 days) was measured. As the ratio of Korean whole wheat flour increased, the baking loss rate and weight increased, whereas the volume and specific volume was not significant. During storage, moisture content of muffins decreased significantly. The addition of Korean whole wheat flour increased lightness (L value) of crust and crumb decreased, whereas redness (a value) and yellowness (b value) increased. The control group (CON) showed the highest springiness lowest hardness. The muffin with 25% of Korean whole wheat flour (WHF25) in test group showed the high springiness low hardness. According to the sensory evaluation, the control group showed the highest score in terms of taste, however WHF25 showed the highest score in appearance, color, flavor, texture and overall acceptance, WHF25 showed the best result and the optimum addition of Korean whole wheat flour. Furthermore, this study proposes the possibility of development of various confectionery with using Korean whole wheat flour.

An Analytic Study on the Processing Quality and Flavor Preference of Spelt Wheat Bread (스펠트 밀을 이용한 기능성 식빵의 관능특성 및 기호도 분석)

  • Lee, Seon-Gu
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.23 no.3
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    • pp.100-110
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the sensory characteristics and preference of Spelt white bread and to examine its market potential. For this purpose, the sensory characteristics of Spelt flour dough was analyzed and a questionnaire survey was conducted on the general public to grasp the preference and repurchase intention of Spelt bread. As a result of this study, the sensory characteristics of Spelt wheat dough showed that the fermentation rate was slightly higher than that of general wheat flour and the Spelt flour dough was more slightly acidic than that of general wheat flour. The result of this survey showed that Spelt flour bread had a comparative advantage in terms of digestibility, flavor and overall favorability compared to general wheat flour. For the repurchase intentions for Spelt flour bread, it was found that the intentions to buy it for health and as gifts was high. Based on this research, I expect that the studies about marketing strategy with Spelt flour bread will be done along with the development of various products.

Baking Properties of Yeast Breads Containing Various Combinations of Job's-tears Flour and Wheat Flour (율무쌀가루 혼합빵의 제빵 특성 비교)

  • 김정숙;박신인
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.17-21
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    • 1999
  • The baking property, chemical composition, instrumental characteristics and sensory quality of yeast breads containing various mixing percentage of Job's-tears flour with wheat flour were studied. The loaf volume and baking quality of the yeast bread made from mixing of 30% Job's-tears flour were similar to those of wheat flour bread. The contents of crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash in Job's-tears flour breads were much higher than those of wheat flour brad. Instrumental rheological characteristics of the yeast breads were measured with a Texture Analyzer. As the addition level of Job's-tears flours increased, hardness of the yeast breads increased but fracturability, adhesiveness, springness, cohesiveness, gumminess, chewiness and resilience decreased. The results of sensory evaluation revealed that Job's-tears flour was added to wheat flour at a replacement level of 10% without a large adverse effect on flavor, taste, mouthfeel and aftertaste.

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Effects of Storage Temperatures and Heating Methods on the Textural characteristics of Wheat Flour Gels and Loaf Bread (저장 온도 및 가열 방법이 밀가루겔 및 식빵의 조직 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • 고하영;윤계순
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.566-571
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    • 1999
  • Effects of storage temperature at 18oC and 5oC for 9 days and heating conditions on textural char acteristics in strong wheat flour gels were investigated using a Instron after microwave (2450MHz, 700W). Heating condition did not affect the texture property in the wheat flour gels, but the frozen storage was very effective to prevent the hardening of the samples. Hardness, adhesiveness, and gumminess in the wheat flour gels decreased in increasing moisture content from 45% to 55%, but there was little change in cohesiveness. The storage at room temperature for 2 hours resulted in increased hardness in the heated wheat flour gels. PE wrap package of the wheat flour gels prevented weight loss by 3~6% and hardening effectively. Sugar, or sugar and shotening resulted in increased hardness in loaf bread. The hardness and weight loss in loaf breads were markedly changed by the heating time with microwave. The most critical time point was around 4 minutes following the heating.

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Study on Bread-Making Quality with Mixture of Buckwheat-Wheat Flour (메밀가루를 이용한 제빵적성 연구)

  • 김복란;최용순;이상영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.241-247
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    • 2000
  • The possibility of buckwheat-wheat flour mixture as bread was studied by adding 10, 20, and 30% of buckwheat to wheat flour. To improve bread-making quality of the mixture, gluten, ascorbic acid, and hydroxy propyl methyl cellulose (HPMC) were added to 30% buckwheat-wheat flour and sensory evaluation was also exercised on it. The weight of bread increased but the volume of that decreased as the percentage of buckwheat to wheat flour increased, and improved bread-making quality by adding gluten, ascorbic acid, HPMC to 30% buckwheat-wheat composite flour. When it comes to color, color of the bread got darker as the percentage of buckwheat increased, got brighter when gluten and HPMC were added and showed little difference when ascorbic acid was added. Texture of bread increased in maximum weight, strength, hardness but decreased in springiness and cohesiveness. The use of additives showed influence to the some results. In terms of the aging process, enthalpy increased with storage time, and it could be slowed down by the use of the additives. The sensory evaluation shwoed that 10% buckwheat-wheat bread was most excellent, 20% bread was similar to other bread made from wheat flour, and the bread made by mixing additives were better than just 30% buckwheat-wheat flour in terms of quality.

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The Effect of Emulsifier on the Characteristics of Defatted Soy Flour Bread (유화제가 탈지 대두분이 첨가된 제빵 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Young-Sim
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.385-397
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    • 2008
  • The effects of defatted soy flour on the physicochemical characteristics of dough and bread-making properties were studied with sodium stearyl lactylate(SSL) as an emulsifier. Defatted soy flour was added to the wheat flour at the level of 0$\sim$12%. The emulsifier was added to the wheat flour-defatted soy flour blends at the level of 0.5 and 2%. Set-back and consistency in amylogram were significantly decreased as the level of soy flour was increased. On comparison with control, the bread made from defatted soy flour especially had less specific loaf volume. The specific loaf volume of wheat flour-defatted soy flour bread prepared with 0.5$\sim$2% SSL was better than that without SSL. Decrease of L value (lightness) of crust color and decrease of L value of crumb color were shown with the increase of defatted soy flour. From the result of sensory evaluation, wheat flour-defatted soy flour bread containing up to 6% defatted soy flour with 1.0% SSL were rated as high quality. Most of texture parameters of bread increased with the increase of defatted soy flour and decreased with increase of SSL. Considering the volume and sensory characteristics of bread, bread prepared with 6% defatted soy flour and 1% SSL was regarded as highly acceptable.

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Sensory Characteristics of Pound Cake baked from Korean Wheat Flour (국산밀로 제조한 파운드케익의 품질)

  • 이경희
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.9 no.4
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    • pp.419-423
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    • 1996
  • This study was conducted to investigate the difference in the characteristics of pound cakes baked from one imported and three Korean wheat flours through sensory evaluation and physical measurement. From the result of sensory evaluation, it was shown that cakes baked from Korean wheat flour were not preferred than cake baked from imported wheat flour in texture, taste and overall preference. L, a, b value of crumb color of pound cake baked from imported wheat flour was 81.09, -0.49, 28.17. It means that crumb color of pound cake baked from imported wheat flour was brighter yellow than that of cakes baked from Korean wheat flour. The volume of pound cakes baked from Korean wheat flour(D, B) was larger than that of cake baked from imported wheat flour. It was 833 and 800 cc. There was no significant difference in hardness within cake samples.

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Effect of Soybean Protein Isolate on the Properties of Noodle (분리대두단백질의 첨가가 제면적성에 미치는 영향)

  • Bae, Song-Hwan;Rhee, Chul
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.6
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    • pp.1301-1306
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    • 1998
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effect of soybean protein isolate (SPI) on the properties of noodle which was made of composite flour blended with SPI extracted at acidic (pH 2.0, 3.0), neutral (pH 7.0) and alkaline (pH 10.0, 12.0) conditions. L-value of dry and cooked-moodle which were made of composite flour was lower than that of 100% wheat flour, but a and b-value wete higher than those of 100% wheat flour, Optimal cooking time of dry-noodle which was made of composite flour was longer than that of 100% wheat flour, but the weight, volume and water absorption of the cooked-noodle were lower than those of cooked-noodle of 100% wheat flour. Breaking force of dry-noodle which was made of composite flour blended with $SPI-2,\;SPI_3,\;SPI_{7}$, and $SPI-{10}$ was lower than that of 100% wheat flour, but the breaking force of dry-noodle which was made of composite flour blended with $SPI-{12}$ at level of 5% and 10% was same as that of 100% wheat flour. Springiness and cohesiveness of the cooked-noodle which was made of composite flour were same as those of 100% wheat flour, but chewiness and hardness were higher than those of 100% wheat flour.

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Effect of Enzymatically Hydrolyzed Vital Wheat Gluten on Dough Mixing and the Baking Properties of Wheat Flour Frozen Dough

  • Song, Kyung-Ah;Koh, Bong-Kyung
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.173-176
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    • 2006
  • The effect of enzymatically hydrolyzed vital wheat gluten (EHG) on dough mixing and the baking quality of wheat flour frozen dough was examined. Three different proteases, pepsin, trypsin, and chymotrypsin, were tested individually, sequentially paired, or in combination of all three enzymes. Addition of 1% EHG produced no observable effect on the mixing properties of wheat flour dough. However, addition of 2.5% pepsin-hydrolyzed gluten decreased the mixing tolerance of the wheat flour, and 1% trypsin-hydrolyzed gluten increased the loaf volume of both frozen and non-frozen dough. This finding suggests that trypsin-hydrolyzed vital wheat gluten may serve as a baking additive in replacement for $KBrO_3$ to improve frozen dough quality.