• Title, Summary, Keyword: wheat flour

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Cooking Properties of Dry Noodles Prepared from HRW-WW and HRW-ASW Wheat Flour Blends (미국밀과 호주밀의 제면성 비교)

  • Shin, Sung-Young;Kim, Sung-Kon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.232-237
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    • 1993
  • The rheological properties of hard red winter, western white and Australian standard white wheat flours and of HRW-WW and HRW-ASW wheat flour blends having the same protein content were studied. Cooking properties of dry noodles prepared from HRW-WW and HRW-ASW wheat flour blends were also investigated. The noodles were prepared with salt and alkaline reagent. The salt and alkaline concentrations used were 1.7% and 0.17%. respectively, based on the weight of wheat flour. The alkaline reagent was an equal mixture of sodium carbonate and potassium carbonate. The HRW-ASW wheat flour blend had higher farinograph absorption and slightly stronger curve than HRW-WW wheat flour blend. Salt decreased the absorption of wheat flours by 2 and of wheat flour blends by 1%. However, alkaline reagent essentially had no effort on farinograph absorption. Salt and alkaline reagent strengthened the dough of wheat floors and wheat flour blends, with the former being more effective. No significant differences in pasting properties between HRW-WW and HRW-ASW wheat flour blends by amylograph were observed. There were no significant differences in rate of increase of weight or volume between noodles prepared from HRW-WW and HRW-ASW wheat flour blends. Alkaline reagent did not affect the weight gain of noodles hut lowered the volume gain. Breaking force of dry noodles and cutting force of cooked noodles were similar between the two noodles. Alkaline reagent increased both the breaking and cutting forces of noodles. Sensory evaluation revealed that the noodles prepared from HRW-WW and HRW-ASW wheat flour blends were slightly different. but not different from each other by preference test.

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Quality Characteristics of Bread Added with Oat Flours

  • Lee, Na-Young;Ha, Ki-Young
    • KOREAN JOURNAL OF CROP SCIENCE
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    • v.56 no.2
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    • pp.107-112
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    • 2011
  • Oat flour was purchased and investigated for quality characteristics of oat bread. Antioxidant and flour pasting properties of oat flour, and water content, weight, volume, Hunter color value, texture of bread were measured. DPPH radical scavenging capacity (%) of oat extract was 68.49%. Pasting temperature of oat flour ranged between $66.60^{\circ}C$ and $70.93^{\circ}C$. Flour pasting properties of sample added with 10 and 30% oat flour was shown similar results compared with wheat flour. Final viscosity of sample was increased by adding concentration of oat flour (up to 311.65 RVA). Water content (%) of bread was shown increasing trend by adding oat flour. Weight of bread loaf with 100% oat flour was shown higher score than other samples. Volume of loaf by adding oat flour of 10, 30, and 50 % ratio was 550, 450, and 388 mL, respectively. The Hunter color $L^*$ values of bread by adding oat flour was dark compared with wheat bread. Color value of bread added 10% oat flour was similar results with $L^*$ values of bread with wheat flour. The bread added with 20 and 30% oat flours had the higher hardness, gumminess, and chewiness compared with other samples. Cohesiveness of the bread with wheat flour showed higher than that of bread added with oat flour and increased by storage period. The growth of total viable cell was inhibited depending on the concentration of oat flour during storage.

Characteristics of Quality in Woomegi Dduck by Various Recipe (부재료 첨가에 따른 우메기떡의 조직특성 및 관능검사)

  • 김운진;노광석;조은자
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.574-579
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    • 2002
  • The effect of Woomegi Dduct mixed with Tack-ioo and So-ju, and made of glutinous rice flour added with various proportions of nonwaxy rice and wheat flour, were studied by the textural and the sensory characteristics. Springiness, gumminess of Woomegi Dduck added with wheat flour tended to be higher than the one with nonwaxy rice flour and cohesiveness tended to increase as the addition amount of glutinous rice flour increased. The degree of gelatinization tended to decrease as the addition of nonwaxy rice flour and wheat flour contents increased from 10 to 50% Overall sensory score of the sample with 50% of wheat flour added to the glutinous rice flour and mixed with Tack-joo was the highest.

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Physicochemical and Sensory Characteristics of Sponge Cake System Prepared with Domestic and Imported Wheat Flour (국내산과 수입 밀가루로 제조한 스폰지 케익의 이화학적 및 관능적 특성)

  • Oh, Myung-Suk;Kim, Hye-Young L.;Lee, Yong-Sik;Kim, Hee-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.813-819
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    • 2007
  • Physicochemical and sensory properties of sponge cakes using 2 kinds of domestic wheat flour(white flour, whole wheat flour) and imported cake flour were investigated. In the proximate analysis, white flour had higher contents of water and protein compared with those of imported flour. Whole wheat flour had the highest contents of protein, lipid and ash. Regarding the batter, imported flour sample showed lower specific gravity and higher viscosity than those of domestic flour sample, implying that there was more air incorporation and higher batter stability. As a result, imported flour batter produced larger cake compared to that of domestic flour batter. But indexes of symmetry and uniformity showed no significant difference among the samples. In textural analysis using rheometer, cakes with imported flour were softer compared with that with domestic flour. In gumminess and brittleness, cakes with domestic white flour showed the highest value while that with the imported flour showed the lowest value. For the color measurements of cake crumb, no significant difference in DE was found among the samples. Regarding the cross-sections of the cake observed using SEM, imported flour produced cake with smaller and more even air cells compared to that with the domestic flour cake. In sensory evaluation, cakes with the domestic white flour showed the highest moistness value. But there was no significant difference in springiness, firmness, adhesiveness and ease of swallow among the samples. In conclusion, cakes with domestic white flour and whole wheat flour were as good as that with imported cake flour for the sponge cake preparation.

A Study of Liver Lipid Accumulation, Free Amino Acid in Plasma and Liver on Rats Fed Wheat Flour Diet Supplemented With Lysine and Sesame (소맥분(小?粉)에 참깨와 Lysine을 보족(補足)한 흰쥐의 간지질축적(肝脂質蓄積)과 Plasma 및 간장중(肝臟中)의 유리(遊離) 아미노산(酸)에 대(對)하여)

  • Lee, Myoung-Hi
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 1981
  • The effect of sesame of L-lysine HCI and sesame supplementing a wheat flour diet on growth, liver lilpid content, and on the free amino acid levels in the plasma and liver was studied in young male rats with an initial body weight of $75{\pm}3g$. The free amino acids were analyzed by amino acid auto analyzer (JLC - 6HA, NO. 310). The results were as follows. The body weitht gain on L-lysine HCI and sesame supplemented diet was more than weight in the sesame added diet or wheat flour diet groups. Also the liver lipid contents of rats on a wheat flour diet supplemented with L-lysine HCI and sesame showed greater increases than the levels in rats on the wheat flour diets. The rate of liver lipid accumulation was depressed in rats fed L-lysine HCI supplemented wheat flour containing sesame than in rats fed soybean oil or shortening oil instead of sesame. The free phe. Tyr. Leu. Ileu. Val. Lys. levels in the plasma of rats administered the wheat flour diets supplemented with 0.25% L-lysine HCI were higher than those of rats without L-lysine HCI. The free phe. Tyr. Asp. His. Lys. contained in the liver were increased, but other free amino acids were decreased according to the L-lysine HCI amount.

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Flour and End-Use Quality of "Charmdlerak" Wheat, A Korean Wheat (국내산 밀 브랜드 "참들락"의 품질 특성)

  • Kang, Chon-Sik;Park, Kwang-Seo;Park, Jong-Chul;Kim, Hag-Sin;Cheong, Young-Keun;Kim, Jung-Gon;Park, Chul-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.219-224
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    • 2008
  • "Charmdlerak" a new high-quality Korean wheat, was produced with production management from the Rural Development Administration (RDA). We evaluated the characteristics of grain, flour, and end-use quality of "Charmdlerak" wheat to assess consumer satisfaction with this new variety of wheat. Eighty-two farmers (450MT/100 ha) in Gwangju metropolitan city produced Keumkangmil wheat and 23 farmers (30 ha) produced "Charmdlerak" wheat "Charmdlerak" wheat had 1.55% ash content and 11.0-13.0% protein content "Charmdlerak" flour was milled by a commercial machine in Samyang Milmax. The protein content of "Charmdlerak" was slightly higher than that of flour from Hard Red Winter Wheat (HRWW), the most popular multipurpose flour in Korea. The ash content and color of "Charmdlerak" wheat were similar to those of HRWW. End-use quality testing of cooked noodles and bread indicated that "Charmdlerak" flour resulted in softer noodles and similar bread loaf volume compared with products made from Keumkangmil wheat.

Effects of whole wheat flour on the Rheological Properties of dough gassing power of yeast (전립분 첨가시 빵생지의 물성 및 이스트의 가스발생력에 미치는 영향)

  • 노삼현;이명렬
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.179-191
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    • 2001
  • The effects of whole wheat flour on the Rheological Properties of dough gassing power of yeast S.cerevisiae and breadmaking properties were studied. The blending ratios of whole wheat flour to bread making flour were 0, 25, 50, 75 and water absorption in the farinography increasedlinerly from 62.5%in 100% bread making flour and 77.5% in 100% whole wheat flour. The hardness and cohesiveness of dough prepared with optimum moisture content was constant regardless of the blending ratio of whole wheat flour. whole wheat flour had no effect on the total gas production or the internal gas content in the dough at a constant moisture level but had detrimental effect on the loaf volume. In a dough at the optimum moisture level, whole wheat flour increased the two former parameters sensory evaluation indicated that the replacement in the range of 25 to 50% with whole wheat flour at the optimum moisture level was acceptable

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Studies on the Preparation and Utilization of Filefish Protein Concentrate (FPC) -III. The Preparation and Characteristics of Dried Noodle using FPC - Wheat Composite Flour- (말쥐치 농축(濃縮) 단백질(蛋白質)의 제조(製造) 및 이용(利用)에 관한 연구(硏究) -제 3 보 : FPC-밀가루 복합분(複合粉)의 제면성(製麵性)-)

  • Yang, Han-Chul;Yang, Ban-Ho;Lim, Moo-Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.262-268
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    • 1983
  • Properties of noodle prepared with FPC and wheat flour were investigated, and the results were summarized as follows: 1. Farinogram showed that the water absorption ratio and dough development time increased as the mixing level of FPC to wheat flour increased. 2. Amylogram showed that the maximum viscosity of the composite flour decreased as the content of FPC increased. 3. In the textural parameters, such as hardness, cohesiveness and gumminess of noodles, there were no marked differences between wheat flour and cooked noodles from the composite flour of 3% or 5% FPC-97% or 95% wheat flour. 4. Regarding weight and volume of the cooked noodles, those of cooked noodles from the composite flour of 3% or 5% FPC-97% or 95% wheat flour were similar to wheat flour alone. As the content of FPC in noodle increased, however, those of cooked noodles slightly decreased, and soup turbidity increased. 5. Results of sensory evaluations showed that the noodle from the composite flour of 3% FPC-97 wheat flour appeared to be the most acceptable, and the noodles from the composite flour of 5% or 7% FPC-95% or 93% wheat flour were judged as acceptable as the wheat flour alone.

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Quality Characteristics of Bread Containing Sourdough Using Various Grain Flours (다양한 곡류의 Sourdough를 첨가한 식빵의 품질특성)

  • Lee, Kyung Sook;Park, Geum Soon
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.264-279
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    • 2015
  • The principal objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of the addition of sourdough to various grain flours in bread, specifically, in regards to the physicochemical characteristics of bread dough, sensory evaluation, and bread storage. As the incubation time of sourdough increased, the total titratable acidity increased. Viable yeast counts of sourdough increased consistently until the third day, while lactic acid bacteria counts increased until the second day. The weight of breads containing sourdough made with rye flour, strong flour, and Korean wheat flour were higher than that of the control. However, the height, volume, and specific volume of control were higher than those of the groups with sourdough made with various grain flours. The pH of breads containing sourdough was lower than that of the control, while the total titratable acidity and moisture content were higher than those of the control. In analyzing the visible mold colony during the five days of storage at $30^{\circ}C$, mold growth in breads containing sourdough made of Korean wheat flour, barely flour, and rye flour was retarded. In the color measurement, the L values of the control and bread containing sourdough made with barley flour were higher than that of the other groups after five days. The a value of bread containing sourdough made of rye flour was higher, and the b values of breads containing sourdough made of Korean wheat flour, barley flour and rye flour were higher than those of the other groups after five days. The hardness of breads containing sourdough increased as storage time increased, where as breads containing sourdough made of Korean wheat flour, Korean whole wheat flour, and rye flour revealed no significant differences with control group. Sensory evaluation scores in terms of after swallowing, taste, and overall preference of bread containing sourdough made of Korean wheat flour was higher than those of the control group.

Effects of Rice Powder Particle Size in Baked Rice Breads (쌀가루의 입도에 따른 쌀 식빵의 품질 특성)

  • Park, Mi-Kyung;Lee, Kwang-Suck;Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.397-404
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to help promote the consumption of rice by substituting rice powder for wheat flour in bread preparation and examining the effect of rice powder particle size in baked rice bread samples. Several experiments were carried to analyze and compare the quality characteristics of prepared samples of wheat flour and rice powder breads. The loaf volume index of the wheat flour bread was 6.34, and the indices of the rice powder bread samples, which were made from powder milled through 20, 35, and 45 mesh (S1, S2 and S3), were 5.37, 5.56, and 5.85, respectively. These data indicated that the loaf volume index of the rice powder bread was lower than that of the wheat flour bread, but the volume of the rice powder bread increased as the particle size of the rice powder became finer. According to texture analysis results using a rheometer, the hardness value of the wheat flour bread was $1.34{\times}10^3\;g/cm^2$, and values of S1, S2, and S3 were $1.74{\times}10^3\;g/cm^2$, $1.57{\times}10^3\;g/cm^2$, and $1.47{\times}10^3\;g/cm^2$, respectively. Therefore, S3, which was made from the finest powder among the rice powder samples, showed the lowest level of hardness. No significant differences were observed for springiness, cohesiveness, and gumminess among the bread samples. However, the wheat flour and rice powder breads had significant differences for bread crumb color. The L-value of S3(76.20) was similar to that of the wheat flour bread(77.22). but the L-values of S1(70.30) and S2(71.21) were lower than that of the wheat flour bread. In terms of redness and yellowness, the values of the rice powder breads were significantly different from those of the wheat flour bread. In terms of overall preference, the sensory evaluation results indicated that S3 was significantly the more preferred and the wheat flour bread was the least preferred among the bread samples. This study also investigated texture changes and mold occurrence in bread samples stored at $25^{\circ}C$ for 5 days. From the 3rd day of storage, bread texture became harder in all samples however, S3 showed the least level of change among the rice powder breads. The occurrence of mold began to increase abruptly from the 4th day of storage, and S2 and S3 showed mold numbers that were 2-fold greater than those of S1 and the wheat flour bread.

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