• Title, Summary, Keyword: wheat flour

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Comparison of Physicochemical Properties of Korean and Australian Wheat Flours Used to Make Korean Salted Noodles

  • Kim, In-Sook;Binns, Colin;Yun, Hon;Quail, Ken;Lee, Chi-Ho
    • Food Science and Biotechnology
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.275-280
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    • 2007
  • The effect of using Korean wheat flour versus Australian wheat flour on noodle quality as a result of differing physical and chemical properties of the flours was investigated. The results provided appropriate technical information for selection of wheat varieties to produce high quality Korean salted noodles. Noodle quality was quantified based on measurement of the appearance and texture of noodles. When consumer preference tests were conducted, a firmer and more elastic texture was preferred for Korean white salted noodles, however, when appearance was included in the consumer tests, noodles made with Australian wheat were favored over Korean wheats. Korean flour was found to produce firmer and more elastic noodles, whereas Australian flour produced brighter, creamier colored noodles. In flour quality tests, Korean flours were found to have a higher setback viscosity and lower swelling power than Australian flour. Additionally, Korean flours had higher water absorption values. Protein content of flour was an important parameter affecting the firmness of Korean noodles, whereas setback viscosity and swelling power were the major determinants of elasticity. Overall, the important parameters for determination of the quality of Korean salted noodles were high setback viscosity, low swelling power, and high protein content.

Properties of White Pan Breads made with Korean and Imported Wheat Flours (식빵제조를 위한 국산 및 수입 밀가루의 적성에 대한 연구)

  • Jang, Heag-Rea;Park, Jung-Suk;Shin, Sol;Shin, Gil-Man
    • Korean Journal of Food Preservation
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.884-890
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    • 2008
  • This study was conducted to investigate the quality of white pan breads baked with various Korean and imported wheat flours. The approximate composition of the Korean wheat flour was 12.0614.06% moisture, 11.8314.02% crude protein, and 0.320.54% crude ash. Relative to the Korean wheat flour, the moisture and crude protein contents of imported wheat flour were lower, and the crude ash content was higher. The pH of white pan bread was lowest with imported wheat flour and highest with H.Y woorimil. The color L and a values in the crumb were lower with imported wheat flour than with Korean wheat flour. The volume and height of dough was lowest with G.S woorimil, and the specific volume and yield of dough was highest with K.K woorimil. The baking loss rate of bread was highest with G.R woorimil and lowest with G.S woorimil. In texture characteristics, hardness was lower and chewiness, adhesiveness, springiness and cohesiveness were higher with imported wheat flour than with Korean wheat flour. In the sensory evaluation, breads made with Korean wheat flour were superior in taste and flavor to bread made with imported wheat flour.

Studies on Development of Bread Mixed with Wheat Flour and Aallium fistulosum L Flour (밀가루에 대파가루 혼합 빵 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 이병영;윤건묵;서지우;김성호
    • The Korean Journal of Community Living Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.119-124
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    • 2003
  • To increase the utilization of the Allium fistulosum L., the main crop of Jindo-kun, Jennam, Korea, the study about the way of process utilization is carried. The condition of swelling volume of mixing wheat flour and Allium fistulosum L flour is similar to 7.5% of the drying Allium fistulosum L. flour, and 25% of the raw Allium fistulosum L flour is similar to the bread made with just wheat flour. In the texture of mixing wheat flour and Allium fistulosum L., the hardness, adhesion, gumminess and tough chewiness is higher, as the rate of mixing drying Allium fistulosum L. is higher. There is no wide difference in 7.5% to 25% but it is higher in more than 20%. The color of bread mixed with Allium fistulosum L. is green-yellow. The more the mixing quantity is, the darker as we con see. The taste of bread mixed with Allium fistulosum L. is evaluated to 7.5% better than normal one in color, taste and smell and that of the bread mixed with raw Allium fistulosum L. is to 25% betterthan normal one in color, taste and smell. Mixed wheat flour and dryed Allium fistulosum L. flour is 5%, and raw Allium fistulosum L. is 15%. As a result, the bread mixed with Allium fistulosum L. is evaluated as the best.

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Development of Composite Flours and Their Products Utilizing Domestic Raw Materials - II. Bread-making Test with Composite Flours - (국산원료(國産原料)를 활용(活用)한 복합분(複合粉) 및 제품개발(製品開發)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究) - 제 2 보 복합분(複合粉)을 이용(利用)한 제빵시험(試驗) -)

  • Kim, Hyong-Soo;Kim, Yong-Hui;Woo, Chang-Myung;Lee, Su-Rae
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.5 no.1
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    • pp.16-24
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    • 1973
  • Breads were made from composite flours based on domestic resources and their quality was assessed to obtain the following results. 1) When barley bread was made according to the formula for standard wheat bread, its specific loaf volume (SLV) was quite low (1.3 at 100% addition of water) in comparison with 3.3 for wheat bread. Addition of 10% defatted soy flour increased its SLV to 1.7 (at 100% water). Among various flour-improving additives, the use of 1.5% GMS + 0.5% CSL gave best results (SLV: 2.0 at 100% water). Admixture of wheat flour with the composite flour based on barley was most effective. Replacement of barley flour with 25% wheat flour gave SLV of 2.8 (at 90% water) and that with 50% wheat flour gave SLV of 3.2 (at 90% water), comparable to standard wheat bread with respect to loaf volume, color and texture. 2) Sweet potato bread had the characteristics of turning black-brown on baking. Use of 20% defatted soy flour and GMS + CSL gave higher SLV (1.9 at 100% water). Addition of wheat flour at 25% or 50% level to the composite flour based on sweet potato flour gave SLV of 2.3 and 2.6, respectively, at 90% water and its color and texture were improved 3) Potato flour was different from sweet potato flour in baking, the effect of GMS + CSL being quite low. Bread from corn flour was different from barley flour bread and defatted rice bran was not suitable for bread-making. 4) Bread was made from following composite flours based on naked barley and sweet potato flours along with the use of proper additives: (a) naked barley flour + defatted soy flour + wheat flour (45 : 10 : 45) (b) naked barley flour + defatted soy flour + wheat flour (67 : 10 : 23) (c) naked barley flour + defatted soy flour (90 : 10) (d) sweet potato flour + defatted soy flour + wheat flour (40 : 20 : 40) (e) sweet potato flour + defatted soy flour (60 : 20 : 20) Sensory evaluation of above breads in comparison with standard wheat bread (So) gave the following decreasing order of scores, So>(a)>(b)>(c)>(e)>(d) and Duncan's multiple range test showed that bread (a) was not different from standard wheat bread significantly at 5% level, in overall evaluation including color, texture, taste and flavor.

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History of Korean flour mills (한국의 제분 산업 발달사)

  • Kim, Sung-Kon
    • Food Science and Industry
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.86-97
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    • 2017
  • The major food grains in Korea are rice and barley. The wheat was supplied from USA after World War II in 1945 and it changed the eating habits for Korean diet. The role of barley as a food grain has been diminished and that of wheat has been acknowledged; the consumption per capita per year of wheat is over the half of that of rice which is the staple grain in Korea. This article is a brief review on the background of wheat becoming the important grain in Korean diet and the following developmental story of flour mills. Emphasis was given to the statistics on flour mills industry.

Changes of the Properties According to Time in Cotton Fabrics Sized with Fermented Wheat Starch (통밀 삭힌 풀로 푸새한 직물의 경시적 변화)

  • Baek, Young-Mee;Kwon, Young-Suk;Lee, Young-Hee
    • Journal of Conservation Science
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    • v.24
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    • pp.67-74
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study was to investigate stability of traditional starch sizes according to time. The properties of wheat flour and fermented whole-wheat flour were studied. And comparison of stiffness, tensile strength, air permeability, whiteness, and surface observation of cotton fabrics sized with wheat flour and fermented whole-wheat flour before and after 12-years were examined. The amylograph data indicated that ISF-W(Isolated starch flour- white) have good pasting properties than NWF(Natural wheat flour) and ISF-B(Isolated starch flour- light brown). The cotton fabrics sized with ISF-W had higher tensile strength and whiteness, and lower stiffness and air permeability than those of NWF as the time takes 12 years. We identified the stability of traditional starch size using scanning electronic micrograph.

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Effect of Partial Replacement of Wheat Flour with High Quality Cassava Flour on the Chemical Composition, Antioxidant Activity, Sensory Quality, and Microbial Quality of Bread

  • Eleazu, Chinedum;Eleazu, Kate;Aniedu, Chinyere;Amajor, John;Ikpeama, Ahamefula;Ebenzer, Ike
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.115-123
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    • 2014
  • In the current study, wheat flour was mixed with high quality cassava flour (HQCF) in several ratios: 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, and 60:40, and used to prepare 10%, 20%, 30%, and 40% National Root Crops Research Institute (NRCRI) cassava bread, respectively. 100% wheat bread was prepared as a control (100% wheat bread). Five bread samples were prepared per group. Antioxidant assays [i.e., 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH) scavenging assay, reducing power assay] revealed that the bread samples had considerable antioxidant capacities. Substitution of wheat flour with HQCF at various concentrations resulted in dose dependent decreases in the mineral and protein contents of the resulting bread samples. The crude fiber content of the bread samples was minimal, while the carbohydrate content of the bread samples ranged from 43.86% to 48.64%. A 20% substitution of wheat flour with HQCF yielded bread samples with a general acceptability that was comparable to that of 100% wheat bread. The mean bacteria counts of the bread samples ranged from $2.0{\times}10^3CFU/mL$ to $1.4{\times}10^4CFU/mL$, while the fungal counts ranged from 0 CFU/mL to $3{\times}10^3CFU/mL$. There was a positive correlation between the DPPH antioxidant activities and the reducing powers of the bread samples ($R^2=0.871$) and a positive correlation between the DPPH antioxidant activities and the flavonoid contents of the bread samples ($R^2=0.487$). The higher microbial load of the NRCRI cassava bread samples indicates that these bread samples may have a shorter shelf life than the 100% wheat bread. The significant positive correlation between total flavonoid content and reducing power ($R^2=0.750$) suggests that the flavonoids present in the lipophilic fractions of the bread samples could be responsible for the reductive capacities of the bread samples.

Quality Characteristics of Cookies with Brown Rice Flour (현미가루 첨가 쿠키의 품질 특성)

  • Lee, Mi-Hye;Oh, Myung-Suk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Culture
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.685-694
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    • 2006
  • The quality characteristics of cookies containing brown rice flour, which has a greater variety of functional components than wheat flour, were studied. The results of the pasting properties shows that the inclusion of brown rice flour to the wheat flour-mixture did not affect the pasting temperature for up to 30% inclusion. The total dietary fiber and total polyphenol content increased and color of the cookies became darker with increasing brown rice flour content. According to the results from TA on texture, the hardness decreased and the crispness increased significantly(p<0.001, p<0.05, respectively) with increasing brown rice flour content. From the acceptance test, the aroma and texture of the cookies with added brown rice flour were significantly(p<0.001) lower than those of the wheat flour cookies. However, the appearance, taste, and overall acceptance of the cookies with added brown rice flour did not differ significantly from those of the wheat flour cookies. According to the results from the sensory evaluation, the savory aroma of the cookie with 30% brown rice flour was significantly strong(p<0.001). The brown rice flavor of the cookies with brown rice flour was significantly stronger(p<0.001) than that of the wheat flour cookie, but there were no significant differences among the cookies with brown rice flour in it. The crispness of the cookies increased significantly(p<0.001) with the inclusion of brown rice flour in the mixture, especially for the mixture with 30% brown rice flour which had the highest value of crispness among the cookies. The graininess and brown color of the cookies increased significantly(p<0.001) with increasing brown rice flour content, especially for the mixture with 30% brown rice flour which had the highest values among the cookies.

DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING OF MEDIUM CAPACITY GRAIN FLOUR SEPARATOR

  • Kachru, Rajinder-P
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.966-978
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    • 1993
  • A power operated 90.5 hp electric motor) grain flour separator was designed and developed for separation of grain (wheat, corn, chickpea and soybean) flour into various fractions based on the size of the particles of the product. The separator agitating mechanism, feed control, cylindrical separator unit and an eccentric mechanism. The machine was tested for wheat ( variety ; Sujata) flour separation into four fractions, viz ; semolina, Gr-I and II, flour (coarse) and white (fine) flour. Wheat samples (6.8% m.c., db) were first pearled by CIAE pearler for 15.8% bran removal . The pearled wheat grains were then milled for semolina by a burre mill. The product and machine characteristics were determined at different capacities varying from 24 kg/h to 143 kg/h. It was found that 76 kg/h capacity gave reasonably best results in terms of purity and recovery of semolina vis-a-vis the market product. The energy requirement of the machine at no-load was found to be 230 W and at load c nditions, it varied between 36.3-6.4 KJ per kg of fead seperation. The macine could be used by small flour millers small/medium size traders and retailers and other processors for making available various flour products of different particle size in the market for ready use of the consumers.

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Antioxidant Activity and In Vitro Protein Digestibility of Bakery Products prepared from Korean Wheat with Functional Ingredients (기능성 소재를 첨가한 우리밀 제빵 제품의 항산화 활성과 단백질 소화도)

  • Han, Inhwa;Park, Byung Geon
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.853-861
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    • 2014
  • Cookies, muffins and baguettes were formulated with Korean wheat flour and compared with those made from imported wheat flour in terms of total phenol content, antioxidant activity, and in vitro protein digestibility (IVPD). Chunnyencho and Honghawsi were added to improve quality of the bakery products. Addition of Chunnyencho did not show any significant improvement, whereas Honghawsi increased total phenol content of cookies. Total phenol content in 80% ethanol extract of muffins prepared with Korean wheat flour was 1.5 times higher than those made from imported wheat flour, whereas total phenol content was 1.2 times higher in the 80% methanol extract of baguettes prepared with imported wheat flour compared to those made with Korean wheat flour. Overall, total phenol content of Korean wheat flour was higher than that of imported wheat flour because total phenol content was higher in 80% ethanol extracts than in 80% methanol extracts. Antioxidant activity was not significantly different between ethyl acetate extracts of bakery products from imported wheat and Korean wheat, whereas antioxidant activity of 80% methanol extract of muffins with Korean wheat was 2.4 times higher than that from imported wheat. IVPD was not significantly different in any bakery products made from imported wheat or Korean wheat but was higher in baguettes than cookies or muffins. Conclusively, bakery products made from Korean wheat had higher total phenol content and antioxidant activity than imported wheat.