• Title, Summary, Keyword: wheel-rail-soil interaction

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Dynamic Characteristics of Railway Structures under High-Speed Train Loading (고속열차 주행 시 동적하중을 받는 철도구조물의 진동 특성)

  • Rhee, Inkyu;Kim, Jae Min
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the distribution patterns of displacement and acceleration fields in a nonlinear soil ground based on the interaction of high-speed train, wheel, rail, and ground. For this purpose, a high-speed train in motion was modeled as the actual wheel, and the vertical contact of wheel and rail and the lateral contact, caused by meandering motion, were simulated; this simulation was based on the moving mass analysis. The soil ground part was given the nonlinear behavior of the upper ground part by using the modified the Drucker-Prager model, and the changes in displacement and acceleration were compared with the behavior of the elastic and inelastic grounds. Using this analysis, the displacement and acceleration ranges close to the actual ground behavior were addressed. Additionally, the von-Mises stress and equivalent plastic strain at the ground were examined. Further, the equivalent plastic and total volumetric strains at each failure surface were examined. The variation in stresses, such as vertical stress, transverse pressure, and longitudinal restraint pressure of wheel-rail contact, with the time history was investigated using moving mass. In the case of nonlinear ground model, the displacement difference obtained based on the train travel is not large when compared to that of the elastic ground model, while the acceleration is caused to generate a large decrease.

Running Safety Analysis of Railway Vehicle Systems for Ground Vibration (철도 차량의 지반진동에 의한 주행안전성 평가)

  • Choi, Jun-Sung;Jo, Man-Sup;Lee, Jin-Moo
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.288-295
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    • 2006
  • In this study, dynamic behavior of the vehicles is analyzed, while the track is subjected to lateral vibrations due to earthquake and blasting load. A computer program(WERIA, Wheel Rail Interaction Analysis) is used, which can simulate dynamic responses of vehicles subjected to lateral vibrations. The analysis considers two types of vehicles: I.e. power cars of KTX and Busan subway train. It can also consider the interaction with sub-structures such as tracks and soil. The creep force module is considered, and the running safety of railway vehicles subjected to earthquake and blasting loading is studied. Based on the results of this study, the running safety of the vehicles can be confirmed against lateral vibration.

A mechanical model of vehicle-slab track coupled system with differential subgrade settlement

  • Guo, Yu;Zhai, Wanming;Sun, Yu
    • Structural Engineering and Mechanics
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    • v.66 no.1
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    • pp.15-25
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    • 2018
  • Post-construction subgrade settlement especially differential settlement, has become a key issue in construction and operation of non-ballasted track on high-speed railway soil subgrade, which may also affect the dynamic performance of passing trains. To estimate the effect of differential subgrade settlement on the mechanical behaviors of the vehicle-slab track system, a detailed model considering nonlinear subgrade support and initial track state due to track self-weight is developed. Accordingly, analysis aiming at a typical high-speed vehicle coupled with a deteriorated slab track owing to differential subgrade settlement is carried out, in terms of two aspects: (i) determination of an initial mapping relationship between subgrade settlement and track deflections as well as contact state between track and subgrade based on a semi-analytical method; (ii) simulation of dynamic performance of the coupled system by employing a time integration approach. The investigation indicates that subgrade settlement results in additional track irregularity, and locally, the contact between the concrete track and the soil subgrade is prone to failure. Moreover, wheel-rail interaction is significantly exacerbated by the track degradation and abnormal responses occur as a result of the unsupported areas. Distributions of interlaminar contact forces in track system vary dramatically due to the combined effect of track deterioration and dynamic load. These may not only intensify the dynamic responses of the coupled system, but also have impacts on the long-term behavior of the track components.