• Title, Summary, Keyword: white kidney bean

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Structural Characteristics of Kidney Bean Starch (강낭콩 전분의 분자구조적 특성)

  • Kim, Kwan;Kang, Kil-Jin;Kim, Sung-Kon
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.521-527
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    • 1996
  • Some structural characteristics of kidney bean starches (3 varieties : Pink kidney bean, Red kidney bean and White kidney bean) were investigated. The amylose content and the ${\beta}$-amylolysis limit of kidney bean starches were $32.6{\sim}34.5%$ and $69.9{\sim}71.0%$, respectively. The kidney bean amylopectin was composed of super long chain of ${\overline{DP}}$ above 60 ($5.28{\sim}12.62%$), B chain of ${\overline{DP}}$ $45{\sim}60\;(29.85{\sim}33.65%)$ and A chain of ${\overline{DP}}\;10{\sim}20(22.94{\sim}29.85%).$ The chain distribution of kidney bean starches were different from variety to variety. The acid (2.2 NHCI) hydrolysis of kidney bean starches showed, as hydrolysis time increased, the patterns of three stages. The acid hydrolysis rate and iodine reaction of acid treated starches were different from variety to variety As acid hydrolysis time increased, the amylose and the ${\alpha}$-1.6-glucosidic linkage of amylopectin of amorphous state were gradually hydrolyzed. Finally, the chain of ${\overline{DP}}$ 20 of crystalline state was left in the acid treated starches.

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Purification of ${\alpha}-Amylase$ Inhibitor from White Kidney Bean(Phaseolus vulgaris) (White Kidney bean(Phaseolus vulgaris)로부터 ${\alpha}-Amylase$ 저해제의 분리.정제)

  • Chun, Seong-Ho;Ryu, Il-Hwan;Park, Seung-Taeck;Lee, Kap-Sang
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2001
  • White kidney bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, contains proteinaceous inhibitors of ${\alpha}-amylase$. Two inhibitors have been purified by conventional protein fractionation methods such as ethanol precipitation, ammonium sulfate fractionation, DEAE-Sephadex ion exchange chromatography and Sephadex G-100 gel chromatography. The inhibitors were purified as I-1 and I-2 based on their elution order from the DEAE-Sephadex column. The overall purification ratio were about 15.0 and 14.8 for I-1 and I-2, respectively. The molecular weights of purified ${\alpha}-amylase$ inhibitors were 50,000 and 45,000 determined by Sephadex G-100 gel filtration and SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. They contain $17.6{\sim}17%$ of carbohydrate, $70{\sim}80%$ of protein. The carbohydrates were composed of glucose : xylose : mannose : N-acetylglucosamine (5 : 3 : 50 : 42).

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Morphological diversity in kidney bean(Phaseolus vulgaris L.) germplasm

  • Han, Sea-Hee;Choi, Yu-Mi;Lee, Gi-An;Cho, Yang-Hee;Ma, Kyung-Ho;Lee, Jung-Ro
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.83-83
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    • 2017
  • The National Agrobiodiversity Center (NAS, RDA, Republic of Korea) has continually collected new valuable genetic resources. In this study, we regenerated conserved kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) germplasm which couldn't be available because of seed quantity and quality, and we also surveyed their morphological characters for the sustainable utilization. A total of 431 kidney bean accessions were regenerated and 18 morphological traits were surveyed according to the characterization guideline of RDA Genebank. Among the surveyed traits, flowering time ranged from May 23 to September 4 and 73.8% of tested accessions were mainly flowering in June. The maturity time ranged from July 1 to October 15 and main flowering time was July (91.4%). For plant type, 270 accs (62.6%) were climbing type followed by medium type of 86 accs (20.0%) and dwarf type of 65 accs (15.1%). The seed coat colors were various; yellow (34.6%), white (22.3%), brown (17.9%), red (10.7%), black (5.8%), violet (11%), pink (1.4%), navy (0.9%). Principal component analysis indicated that five principal components (PCs) with Eigen values >1 accounted for more than 65.8% variability. The first PC was more related to growth habits such as growth type, flowering time, and plant type. The second and third PCs showed higher values of the pigment characters such as seed coat color, flower color, and pod color. In fourth and fifty PCs, there were the higher positive values of the pod shapes. Our results provided insight into the characteristics kidney beans, thus the utilization basis of kidney beans might be elevated for bio-industry.

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A New Pod Edible Kidney Bean Variety "Hwanghyeob 2" with Yellow Pod Color (협채용 강낭콩 신품종 "황협2호")

  • Shin, Doo-Chull;Kang, Sung-Taek;Han, Won-Young;Baek, In-Youl;Choung, Myoung-Gun;Park, Keum-Yong;Ha, Tae-Jung;Hwang, Young-Hyun;Ko, Jong-Min;Suh, Duck-Yong;Kim, Ho-Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.470-473
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    • 2008
  • A new kidney bean cultivar, "Hwanghyeob 2" was developed for edible pod kidney bean adaptable to Korean cultivation at the National Institute of Crop Science in 2005. "Hwanghyeob 2" was selected from a cross between KLG50073 and KLG50072. It has determinate growth habit, white flower, yellow pod color, oval shape of crossed section of pod at the harvesting time for edible pod. It has white seed coat and middle seed size (20.4 grams per 100 seeds). The average yield of edible pod of "Hwanghyeob 2" was 22.43 M/T per hectare in the yield trials which was carried out at the green house in spring and autumn in 2005. This yield level was 11 percent higher than that of the check cultivar "Kangnangkong 1".

A New Pod Edible Kidney Bean Variety "Hwanghyeob 1" with Yellow Pod Color (협채용 강낭콩 신품종 "황협1호")

  • Shin, Doo-Chull;Kang, Sung-Taek;Han, Won-Young;Baek, In-Youl;Chung, Myoung-Gun;Park, Keum-Yong;Kang, Nam-Suk;Hwang, Young-Hyun;Ko, Jong-Min;Suh, Duck-Yong;Kim, Ho-Yeong
    • Korean Journal of Breeding Science
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.466-469
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    • 2008
  • A new kidney bean cultivar, "Hwanghyeob 1" was developed at the National Institute of Crop Science in 2005. "Hwanghyeob 1" was selected from a cross between KLG50064 and KLG50073. It has determinate growth habit, white flower, yellow pod color, oval shape of crossed section of pod at the harvesting time for edible pod, white seed coat and middle seed size (21.7 grams per 100 seeds). The average yield of edible pod of "Hwanghyeob 1" was 23.55 M/T per hectare in the yield trials which was carried out at the green house in spring and autumn in 2005. This yield level was 4 percent higher than that of the check cultivar "Kangnangkong 1".

Comparison on Physicochemical Properties of Korean Kidney Bean Sediment According to Classification (품종에 따른 강낭콩 앙금의 이화학적 성질)

  • 조은자;박선희
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.585-591
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    • 1997
  • The proximate composition and physicochemical properties of three cultivars of Korean kidney bean sediments, Pink (PKB), Red (RKD) and White (WKB) were compared. No significant differences in the proximate composition and calorie were noticed among three samples. Sediment granule was oval/round and rough in all samples. The amylograms showed no peak and continuous increase of viscosity during heating. The water-binding capacities of the sediments were 322.4∼355.0%. The swelling power and solubility were 5.93∼6.68% and 3.76∼5.28%, respectively. The percent transmittances of the sediment suspension decreased linearly from 50$^{\circ}$∼75$^{\circ}C$. The gelatinization temperature and gelatinization enthalpy determined by DSC (Differential Scanning Caloriemeter) were much lower than those of starches.

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Effects of a Dietary Supplement Consisting of Phaseolus vulgaris and Garcinia cambogia (RCA) on the Lipid Level and Body Weight (Phaseolus vulgaris, Garcinia cambogia (HCA)가 함유된 다이어트 식이 조성물의 체지방 개선 및 체중 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 김유희;유재욱;이유진;김경범;조대헌;황진영
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.518-522
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    • 2004
  • In this study we examined effects of a new dietary supplement on the lipid level and body weight. The efficacy of this weight-reduction supplement, based on natural ingredients consisting of Phaseolus vulgaris, Garcinia cambogia, and microstalline cellulose, was investigated by randomized, placebo-controlled double-blind study. The 36 subjects were assigned evenly into weight-reduction supplemented (Active) and placebo groups (Placebo). The supplement could reduce the absorption of different types of sugar from the gastro-intestinal tract. A significant difference in weight reduction was shown in the active group (3.5 kg). Body composition measurements indicated that about 34% of fat loss in the active group could be achieved. These findings suggest that this dietary supplement could reduce body weight and fat gains, and its inhibitory effects might lead to obesity improvement.

Comparison on Dimension and Hydration Rate of Korean Kidney Beans (강낭콩의 품종에 따른 형태적 특성 및 침지중 수화속도의 비교)

  • 박선희;조은자
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Food Science and Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.286-292
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    • 1995
  • Proximate composition, dimension, water uptake and volume increase rates of three cultivars of Korean kidney beans, Pink(PKB), Red(RKB) and White(WKB) were compared. Significant differences in the proximate composition and calorie were not observed among samples. Hull removed samples showed the lowest ash content and the highest calorie. The rates of water uptake increased as the soaking temperature increased from 10~4$0^{\circ}C$. The moisture gain of the kidney beans during soaking showed a similar pattern to volume increase. Water uptake and volume increase rates were in the decreasing order of PKB, RKB and WKB. Moisture and volume gains held a linear relation with the square root of soaking time regardless soaking temperatures. The activation energies of water uptake and volume increase were 3033~3087 and 3077~ 3161 kcal/mole, respectively. The log time to reach a fixed moisture content showed a linear relation with soaking temperature regardless soaking temperatures. The z-values calculated from weight and volume changes decreased in proportions to the increase of hydration. The z-values of weight and volume to reach 50% hydration were 50.5~56.6$^{\circ}C$ and 48.4~61.2$^{\circ}C$, respectively.

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Effect of Mixed Soybeans Materials on Qulity Characteristics of Traditional Soybean Paste(Doenjang) during Aging (혼합콩이 전통된장의 숙성 중 품질에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Gwi-Young;Moon, Hye-Kyung;Lee, Su-Won;Moon, Jae-Nam;Yoon, Won-Jung
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.314-322
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    • 2010
  • The effects of five colored soybean (blue, red, yellow, white, and black) varieties on the quality characteristics of soybean paste (Doenjang) were investigated for proximate composition, salt content, pH, color, organic acid content, amino acid content, and mineral content after 80 days of aging. Soybean paste (Doenjang) samples were divided into TDS (traditional Doenjang prepared with soybean) and TDM (traditional Doenjang prepared with mixed soybeans, kidney bean, black soybean, kind of small bean, sword bean, green bean, red bean, at a radio of 1:1:1:1:1(w/w)). Moisture content was 49.66% for TDM and 49.52% for TDM. Protein and salt contents of the TDS sample were higher than those of TDM. The "L" values of the TDB sample increased the aging period was decreased. In contrast, the "L" and "$\alpha$" values of TDM did not show any significant differences. The main organic acids detected were malic acid > lactic acid > tartaric acid in the TDS and TDM samples. Glutamic acid contents were 2.83 g/100 g for the TDS sample and 2.15 g/100 g for the TDM. The levels of K, Mg, and Ca of the TDS sample were higher than those of TDM. No significant difference occurred between TDS and TDM regarding their quality characteristics after 80 days of aging. Further studies needed include sensory evaluation and functionality of soybean paste made from mixed soybean materials.

Comparison on Physicochemical Properties of Korean Kidney Bean Starch according to Varieties (품종에 따른 강낭콩 전분의 이화학적 성질비교)

  • Cho, Eun-Ja;Kim, Sung-Kon;Park, Sun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Food Science and Technology
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.787-793
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    • 1998
  • Physicochemical properties of starch of three cultivars of Korean kidney Bean Starches, Pink (PKB), Red (RKB) and White (WKB) were studied. Starch granule was oval/round and smooth in all samples. The amylograms showed a continuous increase of viscosity without peak during heating. The water-binding capacities of starches of PKB, RKB and WKB were 102.1%, 94.7% and 106.9%, respectively. The swelling powers were rapidly incresed in all samples. The amylose content, blue value and relative viscosity of kidney bean starches were $31.1{\sim}32.8%,{\;}0.64{\sim}0.66$ and $2.27{\sim}2.61{\;}mlg^{-1}$, respectively. The transmittance of starch suspension was linearly increased as the temperature raised from $65^{\circ}C{\;}to{\;}85^{\circ}C$. The gelatinization temperature ranges determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were $71.1{\sim}86.9^{\circ}C for PKB, $71.1{\sim}86.0^{\circ}C$ for RKB and $60.8{\sim}77.9^{\circ}C$ for WKB.

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