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Study on Cooking Properties of 'Bodeurami' Rice Cultivar (보드라미 쌀 품종의 취반특성에 관한 연구)

  • Jung, Hee Nam;Choi, Ok Ja
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.209-217
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The aim of this study was to compare the cooking properties of Bodeurami and Ilmi to promote consumption of rice. Methods: The properties of Bodeurami and Ilmi such as proximate composition, Hunter's color value, water absorption rate, and cooking properties as well as Hunter's color value, texture properties, and sensory evaluation of cooked rice were analyzed. Results: Crude protein, crude fat, and crude ash contents of Bodeurami and Ilmi were higher in brown rice than in white rice. Regardless of rice cultivars, L-value was lower, whereas a and b-values were higher in brown rice than in white rice. The water absorption rate of rice grains was higher in white rice than in brown rice and increased rapidly to 75 min for white rice and 4 hr for brown rice. Cooking properties, water absorption, and expansibility of white rice were higher than those of brown rice, and there were significant differences between Bodeurami and Ilmi. Immediately after cooking and after storage at warm ($70^{\circ}C$) and room temperatures ($25^{\circ}C$), hardness of cooked rice increased after storage, but was not significantly different between Bodeurami white rice and Ilmi brown rice. The sensory evaluation shows that Bodeurami brown rice scored the highest for taste, texture and overall preference. Conclusion: Thus, the results of this study shows that Bodeurami brown rice is characterized by high cooking quality without any mixed white rice, and Bodeurami white rice could be used for the rice processing industry as well as cooked rice.

Effects of Glycemic Index for Boiled White Rice and Boiled White Rice Mixed with Grains on Food Consumption and Satiety Rate (백미밥과 잡곡밥의 당지수 차이가 열량 섭취량 및 포만감에 미치는 영향)

  • Jung, Eun-Young;Suh, Hyung-Joo;Hong, Yang-Hee;Lee, In-Yi;Kim, Dong-Geon;Kim, Mi-Ok;Chang, Un-Jae
    • Journal of the Korean Dietetic Association
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.179-187
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    • 2009
  • In this study, we examined whether the glycemic index (GI) values of boiled white rice (GI=86) and boiled white rice mixed with grains (GI=58) could influence the total energy intake and satiety rate of a rice-based diet. Thirty adult females participated in this study, in which they ate boiled white rice, or boiled white rice mixed with grains, along with side dishes for lunch, and then ate the same white rice diet for dinner in the lab once a week for 2 weeks. There was no significant difference in the visual analogue scales for taste between the two diets. Although there were no differences between the subjects' energy intakes for side dishes, the total energy consumed from the boiled white rice mixed with grains diet (520.5 kcal) was significantly (p<0.001) lower than that consumed from the boiled white rice diet (560.2 kcal). For dinner, the subjects consumed significantly (p<0.001) lower calories when they had eaten the boiled white rice mixed with grains diet for lunch as compared to the boiled white rice diet. In addition, the subjects reported significantly (p<0.01, p<0.001) higher satiety rates after consuming the boiled white rice mixed with grains diet compared to the boiled white rice diet, despite consuming lower calories. In conclusion, these results indicate that consuming low GI rice such as boiled white rice mixed with grains substituted for boiled white rice, may be a useful strategy for weight loss and weight management since individuals will consume less energy without experiencing a reduction in satiety.

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Quality Characteristics of Glutinous Rice Dduk Made from Different Rice as a Meal Substitute (쌀의 종류에 따른 식사대용 찰떡의 품질 특성)

  • Kim, Ok-Hee;Shin, Myung-Eun;Lee, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.684-691
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    • 2012
  • Glutinous rice dduk, traditional Korean rice cake, was prepared using rice(white glutinous rice, brown glutinous rice, black glutinous rice, gaba glutinous rice) as a meal alternative, and each of their quality characteristics were compared. This study had checked sensory tests, color differences, moisture contents, texture characteristics, and storage lives of dduk during storage at room temperature for 6 days. The moisture contents of black glutinous rice dduk scored the highest. For color properties, gaba glutinous rice dduk was darker with a decreased yellow value, whereas its red value was higher comparing with that of brown glutinous rice dduk. The results of the preference test showed that appearance, flavor, texture, and overall preference were the highest in white glutinous rice dduk, whereas black glutinous rice dduk showed the lowest score. The results of the color difference test showed that softness, viscoelasticity, and fineness were the highest in white glutinous rice dduk, whereas black glutinous rice dduk showed the highest difference in color. For individual textural characteristics, black glutinous rice dduk showed the highest score, whereas white glutinous rice dduk showed the lowest scores in hardness, chewiness, and gumminess. In the results of the textural characteristics of dduk during storage, white glutinous rice dduk showed the highest increase in hardness after 48 hours, whereas black glutinous rice dduk showed the lowest increase. White glutinous rice dduk showed the highest increases in chewiness and gumminess. Cohesiveness decreased in all glutinous rice dduk. In the results of fungal occurrence in dduk during storage, black and gaba glutinous rice dduk showed increased fungi occurrence compared with white and brown glutinous rice dduk after 6 days. In conclusion, the overall preference for glutinous rice dduk made from different rice is more affected by appearance or texture than flavor.

Optimization of Cooked Brown Rice by Controlling the Ratio of Grain Cereal Blends to Improve Palatability (현미밥의 식미 향상을 위한 곡류 혼합비의 최적화)

  • Han, Gyusang;Chung, Hae-Jung;Yoon, Jihyun;Baek, Man-Kee
    • Journal of the East Asian Society of Dietary Life
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    • v.22 no.6
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    • pp.782-794
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    • 2012
  • The objective of this study was to determine the optimal conditions for preparation of cooked brown rice by blending brown rice, white rice and glutinous rice to improve the palatability. Formulations composed of brown rice (10~100%), white rice (0~90%) and glutinous rice (0~90%) were generated from an extreme-vertices of mixture experimental design, which showed ten experimental points for brown rice, with white rice and glutinous rice as the independent variables. The sensory evaluation, color, and texture profile analysis (TPA) of cooked brown rice and pasting characteristics of blending cereals flour were measured as response variables. Regression analysis showed that all responsible variables fit linear, quadratic or special cubic models (p<0.1), except for the cohesiveness of TPA. The goals of optimization of the blending ratio of brown rice, white rice and glutinous rice were given as appearance, flavor, texture and overall acceptability (lower: 5.50, target: 6.62). The optimal conditions were determined to be 34.55% brown rice, 42.71% white rice and 22.74% glutinous rice.

Development of a Coating System for Producing Clean Enriched Rice (청결 영양강화미 제조를 위한 코팅시스템 개발)

  • 정종훈;이양봉;엄천일
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.29 no.4
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    • pp.307-316
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to develop a coating system for producing clean enriched rice. The nutritional components of such as brown rice, white rice, clean white rice, enriched rice of US, black rice of China, and rice with perfume of China, were analyzed and compared. Total protein lipid md minerals in brown rice were higher than those in the other rices. A nutrition premix with lysine, thiamine, niacine, calcium lactate, ferrous lactate, and rice starch was made for enriching white rice. A coating device consisted of a tumbler, two spraying nozzles, a rice mixer, etc was developed with the capacity of 1 ton/h. And far-infrared dryers of batch and continuous types were developed to dry hygienically the wet enriched rice. The percentages of lysine, thiamine, amino acid nitride, and Ca and Fe of the enriched rice samples produced in this study were, respectively, 4, 3, 3. 2, and 10 times higher than those of white rice, respectively.

Combined application of oil cake and rice bran reduced the number of weeds and increased the yield of paddy rice in a paddy field incorporated with white clover

  • Sugimoto, Hideki;Araki, Takuya;Morokuma, Masahiro;Hossain, Shaikh Tanveer
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.357-357
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    • 2017
  • The combined application of oil cake and rice bran into the soil surface was found useful for weed control in our previous pot study. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the performance of white clover (Trifolium repens L.) while incorporated in the paddy field and effects of combined fertilizer on weed control and rice yield. A plot was divided into two parts i.e. white clover incorporated and not incorporated. The nitrogen content of the incorporated white clover was $12.5gm^{-2}$. Chemical fertilizer and combined fertilizer plots were compared with non-fertilizer conditions. The mixed ratio of combined fertilizer was oil cake 1.35 and rice bran 1.0. Combined fertilizer was applied to the soil surface, and chemical fertilizer was mixed in the soil. Nitrogen application rate was $8gm^{-2}$ for any fertilizer. The weed numbers were significantly reduced in the white clover plot irrespective of application condition both at heading and harvest time. Also, weed control ability was improved by the use of combined fertilizer. In the not incorporated plot, the number of weeds was suppressed about 90% by applying combined fertilizer. The rice yield was markedly increased by the incorporation with white clover under all fertilization conditions. Contribution rates of increased rice yield by white clover and combined fertilizer were about 55% and about 25%, respectively. The rice yield was increased by the incorporation with white clover, and the number of weeds remarkably decreased as well. Also, these effects were improved due to combined application of oil cake and rice bran.

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Risk of Metabolic Syndrome according to Intake of White Rice and Kimchi in Korean Adults: based on the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2013-2015 (한국 성인의 백미와 김치 총 섭취량에 따른 영양상태와 대사증후군 위험도에 관한 연구: 2013-2015년 국민건강영양조사 자료를 이용하여)

  • Kim, Jin-Su;Ahn, So Hyun;Son, Sook Mee
    • Korean Journal of Community Nutrition
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.525-537
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to examine the relationship between white rice and Kimchi intakes and the risk of metabolic syndrome (Mets) in Korean adults. Methods: Dietary intake and health data of 8289 subjects aged 19 years and over from the 2013-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) were used. Daily total intake of white rice and Kimchi was assessed by 24-hour recall data. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to estimate the risk of Mets according to the daily intake of white rice and Kimchi. Results: The highest intake of white rice and Kimchi was associated with a higher risk of metabolic syndrome (Q1 vs Q5, multivariable adjusted OR=1.45, 95% CI: 1.03-2.03) in women. In addition, a significantly increased risk of elevated blood pressure (multivariable adjusted P for trend 0.0459) was associated with a higher intake of white rice and Kimchi in women. There was no significant trend in the risk of metabolic syndrome according to the intake of white rice and Kimchi in men. Conclusions: A higher intake of white rice and Kimchi was only associated with an increased risk of metabolic syndrome in women indicating it is necessary to consume more various food groups beside white rice and Kimchi, especially in women.

Differences in Functional Materials between White and Black Rice Varieties

  • Lee, Chae Young;Park, Jae Seong;Lee, Hee Du;Choi, Ye Seul;Hong, Seong Taek;Hong, Eui Yon;Lee, Yun Sang;Kim, In Jae;Woo, Sun Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Crop Science Conference
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    • pp.368-368
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    • 2017
  • Rice is the world's three major crops that is the staple food of Asian. Japonica type rice is consumed in Korea. Rice cultivation area decreases steadily. That is affected by decrease of the farm income with the inventory of 1.7 million tons, which is 2 to 3 times more than the optimal amount due to the decrease in the consumption of rice per person and cultivate high yield varieties. In recent years, as income level has improved, interest in health has been high and consumption for health food has been steadily increasing. For health food, rice is added by adding grains such as millet, sorghum, oats, beans and colored rice rather than white rice. In 1997, RDA(Rural Development Administration) developed black rice 'Heuknambyeo', and then 20 varieties were bred until 2017. In CBARES(Chungbuk Agricultural Research and Extension Services), we have developed new rice varieties 'Cheongpungheukchal' in 2010, 'Cheongpungheukhyangchal' in 2014, 'Cheongpungheukchal' is high in farming preference because of high yield. Black rice has high content of GABA and water-soluble phenol, DPPH radical scavenging activity, and consumers are interested in the function in the body. Therefore, functional and antioxidant activities(anthocyanin, total polyphenol, ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibition) and antioxidant activities(ABTs, DPPH) were analyzed by comparing white and black rice. Testing varieties are 'Chucheongbyeo', best quality cultivars 'Daebo' and 'Samgwang' as white rice which are cultivated much in Chungbuk area, and black rice are 10 varieties including 'Cheongpungheukchal', 'Cheongpungheukhyangchal', 'Josaengheukchal' and so on. It has transplanted on 25th May, at CBARES research paddy by 100% fertilizer recommendation rate. Harvesting time was 50 days after heading by varieties, and has researched growth properties, yield and yield components, functional and antioxidant activities. Anthocyanin content was not measured because there was no pigmented in white rice, the highest value of anthocyanin content was 'Shintoheukmi' and in the range of 125.6~249.6mg/100g by black rice varieties. Total polyphenol content was high 'Cheongpungheukchal' and 'Shintoheukmi' and in the range of 96.68~244.34 mg/100g in black rice, white rice lower than blackish rice at 19.84~22.51mg/100g. ${\alpha}-glucosidase$ inhibition was high 'Cheongpungheukchal', 'Cheongpungheukhyangchal' and 'Shintoheukmi' in the rage of 75.87~98.85% by black rice varieties, especially 'Samgwang' was 80.75% and the other white rice was higher than 58~68%.

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Development of a Miller Producing Clean White Embryo Rice Using a Vertical Miller (입형정미기를 이용한 청결배아미 제조기 개발)

  • 엄천일;정종훈
    • Journal of Biosystems Engineering
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.121-130
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    • 2004
  • This study was carried out to develop a miller to produce white embryo rice with functional nutrients by improving the conventional vertical miller. The effects of rice moisture content and the shaft revolution speed of the miller on germ(embryo) adherence rate, whiteness, broken rice rate, and cracked rice rate were investigated. Also, the effect of the mesh size of emery stones on the germ adherence rate was investigated. The vertical prototype miller was improved with the increasement of about 42% in producing white embryo rice at proper conditions(shaft revolution speed of 900 rpm, emery stones of mesh #50, processing capacity of 2.3t/h, zero outlet resistance, rice moisture content of 16.2%). The results were as follows: 1. The germ adherence rate of white rice was significantly influenced by the moisture content of brown rice. The germ adherence rate of white rice decreased rapidly with the increase of the moisture content of brown rice. When brown rice with moisture content of 13.2%, 14.5%, 15.2%, 15.4% was milled by the prototype with emery stones of mesh #35 and shaft speed of 900(1,100) rpm, rpm adherence rate of milled rice was 76.2%(70%), 69.2%(66%), 45.9(38%), 13.0(9%), respectively. 2. The whiteness of white rice milled by the prototype with emery stones of mesh #35 and shaft speed of 1,100(900)rpm increased from 27(23) to about 40, respectively, as the moisture content of brown rice increased from 13.2% to 17.2%. 3. The rate of broken rice of white rice milled at 900rpm decreased by 0.6∼1.0% compared with that at 1,100rpm when the moisture content of brown rice was less than 15.2%. 4. The germ adherence rate was increased by 10.3% and 11.0%, respectively when brown rice with moisture content of 16.2% and 15.5% was milled by the prototype miller with shaft speed of 900rpm and emery stones of mesh #50 instead of mesh #35. 5. Considering the germ adherence rate, broken rice rate, and whiteness of milled rice, the proper milling conditions of the prototype miller for producing embryo rice were the moisture content of about 15%, the processing capacity of 2.3t/h and minimum outlet resistance of 0Nㆍm with shaft speed of 900rpm and emery stones of mesh #50.

Physicochemical and Cooking Characteristics of Non-waxy Soft Brown Rice (연질현미의 이화학적 및 취반 특성)

  • Park, Jihye;Shin, Malshick
    • Korean journal of food and cookery science
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    • v.32 no.5
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    • pp.531-540
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    • 2016
  • Purpose: To improve the cooking quality of brown rice, newly inbred soft rice cultivars were investigated. Methods: The physicochemical properties of brown rice flour and water absorption patterns and cooking characteristics of brown rice grain were compared to Ilmi white and brown rice. Results: General composition and total dietary fiber contents of five rices were significantly different with higher ash, protein, and total dietary fiber contents in soft brown rice than white rice. The hardness of raw rice grain was higher in Ilmi brown rice than in soft brown rice. The water absorption increased rapidly in 30 min of white rice and in 4-6 h of brown rices. The apparent amylose content of soft brown rice was lower than that of Ilmi rice. The initial pasting temperature and all viscosities were significantly different, but the trend was not similar. The textural properties of hardness and roughness were higher, but adhesiveness, cohesiveness, and stickiness were lower in Ilmi brown rice than white and soft brown rices. In sensory preference test, not only textural properties, hardness, adhesiveness, cohesiveness, stickiness, and roughness, but also color, glossiness, and roasted flavor were higher in soft brown rices. Especially soft brown rice B showed the best cooking quality among all rices. Conclusion: The results of the study suggested that soft brown rice is developed for cooking with high nutritional and functional quality.