• Title, Summary, Keyword: wound healing

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Oral Wound Healing Effects of Acai Berry Water Extracts in Rat Oral Mucosa

  • Kang, Mi Hyun;Kim, Bae-Hwan
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.97-102
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    • 2018
  • The objective of this study was to determine the oral wound healing effects of acai berry water extracts (ABWE) in rat oral mucosa. To estimate the anti-oxidative effects of ABWE, the contents of phenolic compounds, and DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl) and ABTS (2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) abilities were evaluated. Wound healing effects of ABWE were tested following 6-day exposure after induction of wound by applying 50% acetic acid to oral mucosa of Sprague-Dawley rats. Macroscopic and histopathological analyses were performed to determine wound healing effects of ABWE. Sodium fusidate (20 mg/g) was used as positive control. ABWE showed significantly high antioxidant effects in all assays, although its potency was weaker than the positive control. From day 3 after treatment, wound healing effects of ABWE were observed in oral mucosa. These wound healing effects were also consistent with histopathological evaluation results. Taken together, these results indicate that ABWE might have potential as an oral wound healing agent in the future.

Structure-Activity Relationship Study of Asiatic Acid Derivatives for New Wound Healing Agent

  • Jeong, Byeong-Seon
    • Archives of Pharmacal Research
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.556-562
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    • 2006
  • Ten semi-synthetic derivatives of asiatic acid were prepared and their wound healing effects were evaluated by employing a tensile strength assay and a wound area assay. Among them, ethoxymethyl 2-oxo-3,23-isopropylidene-asiatate (12) showed the strongest and the fastest wound healing activity. Furthermore, it left the smallest scar after healing.

Accelerated Wound Healing by ]Recombinant Human Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor in Healing-impaired Animal Models

  • Kang, Soo-Hyung;Oh, Tae-Young;Cho, Hyun;Ahn, Byoung-Ok;Kim,Won-Bae
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.7-13
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    • 1999
  • The stimulatory effect of recombinant human basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) on wound healing was evaluated in healing-impaired animal models. Full-thickness wounds were made in prednisolone-treated mice, streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats and mitomycin C (MMC)-treated rats. Saline or bFGF at a dose of 1, 5, or $25\mu\textrm{g}$ per wound was applied to the open wound once a day for three to five days. The degree of wound healing was assessed using wound size and histological parameters such as degree of epidermal and dermal regeneration. Local application of bFGF accelerated wound closure significantly in a dose-dependent manner in all healing-impaired wounds (p<0.05). The wound healing effect of bFGF was further confirmed by histological examination in MMC-treated rats. Epidermal and dermal regeneration were enhanced in bFGF-treated wounds with a dose-related response. Dermal regeneration parameters such as collagen matrix formation and angiogenesis were significantly increased in $5\mu\textrm{g}$, or $\25mu\textrm{g}$ of bFGF-treated wounds when compared to saline-treated wounds (p<0.05). pectin immunostaining on day 8 for vascular endothelium showed an increased number of neovessels in bFGF-treated wounds. These results suggest that topical application of bFGF has beneficial effects on wound healing by angiogenesis and granulation tissue formation in healing-impaired wounds.

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Regulation of Wound Healing and Fibrosis by Hypoxia and Hypoxia-Inducible Factor-1

  • Ruthenborg, Robin J.;Ban, Jae-Jun;Wazir, Anum;Takeda, Norihiko;Kim, Jung-Whan
    • Molecules and Cells
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    • v.37 no.9
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    • pp.637-643
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    • 2014
  • Wound healing is a complex multi-step process that requires spatial and temporal orchestration of cellular and non-cellular components. Hypoxia is one of the prominent microenvironmental factors in tissue injury and wound healing. Hypoxic responses, mainly mediated by a master transcription factor of oxygen homeostasis, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1), have been shown to be critically involved in virtually all processes of wound healing and remodeling. Yet, mechanisms underlying hypoxic regulation of wound healing are still poorly understood. Better understanding of how the wound healing process is regulated by the hypoxic microenvironment and HIF-1 signaling pathway will provide insight into the development of a novel therapeutic strategy for impaired wound healing conditions such as diabetic wound and fibrosis. In this review, we will discuss recent studies illuminating the roles of HIF-1 in physiologic and pathologic wound repair and further, the therapeutic potentials of HIF-1 stabilization or inhibition.

Wound Healing Activity of the Chloroform Extract of Plumbago rosea Linn. and Plumbagin

  • Saraswathy, A.;Chandran, R.V. Pradeep;Manohar, B. Murali;Vairamuthu, S.
    • Natural Product Sciences
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.50-54
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    • 2006
  • The wound healing activity of plumbagin and the chloroform extract of Plumbago rosea Linn. (Yoot), incorporated into ointments with yellow soft paraffin, have been investigated on rats. Wound healing activity was studied using excision and incision wound models in rats following topical application. Both plumbagin and the Plumbago rosea root extract produced a significant response in both of the wound models studied. The wound contracted in 14 days in the case of plumbagin (0.1%) and 16 days in case of Plumbago rosea root extract (0.5%), as against in 22 days in the case of control animals. The results were also comparable to those of a standard drug, framycetin sulphate cream (1% w/w) in terms of wound contracting ability, wound closure time, tensile strength of wound and regeneration of tissues at the wound site. Histological studies revealed evidences for the healing process by formation of fibrovascular tissue, epithelization and increased collagenization when compared to control.

Proliferation of Keratinocytes Induced by Adipose-Derived Stem Cells on a Chitosan Scaffold and Its Role in Wound Healing, a Review

  • Gomathysankar, Sankaralakshmi;Halim, Ahmad Sukari;Yaacob, Nik Soriani
    • Archives of Plastic Surgery
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.452-457
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    • 2014
  • In the field of tissue engineering and reconstruction, the development of efficient biomaterial is in high demand to achieve uncomplicated wound healing. Chronic wounds and excessive scarring are the major complications of tissue repair and, as this inadequate healing continues to increase, novel therapies and treatments for dysfunctional skin repair and reconstruction are important. This paper reviews the various aspects of the complications related to wound healing and focuses on chitosan because of its unique function in accelerating wound healing. The proliferation of keratinocytes is essential for wound closure, and adipose-derived stem cells play a significant role in wound healing. Thus, chitosan in combination with keratinocytes and adipose-derived stem cells may act as a vehicle for delivering cells, which would increase the proliferation of keratinocytes and help complete recovery from injuries.

Screening of Alstonia scholaris Linn. R. Br., for wound healing activity

  • S, Arulmozhi;VP, Rasal;Sathiyanarayanan, L;Ashok, Purnima
    • Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.254-260
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    • 2007
  • Alstonia scholaris (Family: Apocynaceae) has been indicated for the treatment of various diseases, one among which is wound healing. The purpose of this study is to investigate the wound healing effect and antioxidant role of Alstonia scholaris leaves in animal models. The ethanol and aqueous extracts of Alstonia scholaris (EEAS, AEAS respectively) were tested against excision, incision and dead space wound models to evaluate the wound healing activity. In excision wound model, treatment was continued till the complete healing of wound, in incision and dead space wound models, the treatment was continued for 10 days. For topical application, 5% w/w ointment of EEAS and AEAS were prepared in 2% sodium alginate. For oral administration, EEAS was suspended in distilled water using Tween 80 and AEAS was dissolved in distilled water. The wound healing was assessed by the rate of wound contraction, period of epithelialisation, skin breaking strength, granulation strength, dry granulation tissue weight, hydroxyproline, collagen and histopathology of granulation tissue. Malondialdehyde level was also estimated to evaluate the extent of lipid peroxidation. AEAS and EEAS significantly promoted wound healing activity in all the wound models studied. Increase in the rate of wound contraction, skin breaking strength, granulation strength, dry granulation tissue weight, hydroxyproline and collagen, decrease in the period for epithelialisation and increased collagenation in histopathological section were observed with EEAS and AEAS treated groups. EEAS and AEAS also significantly decreased the levels of lipid peroxidation. The present study is suggestive that EEAS and AEAS promote wound healing activity.

Skin Wound Healing Effects and Action Mechanism of Acai Berry Water Extracts

  • Kang, Mi Hyun;Choi, Seunghye;Kim, Bae-Hwan
    • Toxicological Research
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.149-156
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the wound healing effect of acai berry water extracts (ABWE) and a possible underlying mechanism involved in its action using various in vitro and in vivo models. The wound healing effect of ABWE was evaluated by migration assay using HS68 fibroblast cells. In addition, its effect on mRNA expression of procollagen, fibronectin, and MMP-1 was determined. Moreover, the wound healing effect of ABWE was evaluated in in vivo wound models through macroscopic and microscopic observation. In addition, mRNA expression levels of wound related genes were determined. Results revealed that ABWE was not cytotoxic. It increased migration of HS68 fibroblast cells. ABWE increased mRNA expression levels of fibronectin but decreased the mRNA expression levels of MMP-1. ABWE also showed significantly potent wound healing effect in vivo based on macroscopic and histopathological observation and mRNA expression evaluation for wound related genes. Taken together, our results indicated that ABWE might have potential as a wound healing agent.

Sopung-san Extract Enhances healing potential on Full-thickness Skin Wound in Rats: Role of VEGF and TGF-β1 (흰쥐의 전층피부상처 동물모델에서 소풍산(消風散)이 VEGF 및 TGF-β1발현에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Bum Hoi
    • Herbal Formula Science
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 2017
  • Wounds are commonly created during almost every kind of surgery, trauma and skin diseases. Delayed wound healing affects a plenty of patients and requires prolonged treatments that seriously reduce the quality of life for patients. Skin damage involving large areas or great severity can lead to disability or even death. Wound healing involves a complicated series of actions, of various tissues and cell lineages, concerning inflammation, migration, proliferation, reepithelialization, and remodeling. Sopung-san is reported to have anti-inflammatory effect and has been used for various skin diseases such as allergic dermatitis and atopic dermatitis. In this study, the hypothesis that oral treatment with Sopung-san could enhances healing potential on rat full thickness skin wounds was tested. Twenty young male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the studies. A full-thickness skin wound was made on the dorsal skin of the rats. Either Sopung-san water extract (SPS) or saline (Control) was orally administrated every day. The wound area was measured and the percentages of wound contraction, wound healed and wound epithelization were calculated. Wound tissue samples were excised following injection for histopathological and immunohistological examination. Wound area in rats of SPS group significantly was decreased compared to Control. SPS group showed significant promotion of wound healing compared to Cotrol group in the percentages of wound contraction, wound healed and wound epithelization. Histopathological examination revealed that SPS induces neo-vascularization potential in wound healing process. SPS treatment in rats significantly accelerated cutaneous wound healing in the neo-vascularization process by increasing VEGF and $TGF-{\beta}1$ synthesis. The results suggest that Sopung-san affects key cellular processes responsible for wound repair and point to a unique potential for this molecule in the therapy of skin wounds, particularly as an angiogenic agent.

An extract of the root of Lithospermun erythrorhison accelerates wound healing

  • Fujita, Naoko;Sakaguchi, Ikuyo;Ikeda, Norikazu;Kato, Yoshiko;Minamino, Miki
    • Proceedings of the SCSK Conference
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    • pp.540-567
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    • 2003
  • Metabolic disease such as diabetes, which is caused by stress or imbalanced diet, has been increasing. A diabetic tend to suffer from a delay or difficulty of wound healing. The extract of SHIKON (SK), that is the root of Lithospermun erythrorhison, has been reported to have an effect on healing for normal wound, but has never studies for intractable wound so far. Therefore we examined the effect of SK extract on wound healing with healing impaired mouse model. Full-thickness round wounds were created on the backs of db/db mice and applied SK, and we observed neovascularization and collagen synthesis, distribution of apoptotic cells, and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)- positive cells in granulation tissue. After two weeks, a number of capillary vessel and collagen synthesis were increased in SK-treated wounds. Infiltration of VEGF-positive neutrophils was also seen in the wound, besides apoptotic fibroblasts and endothelial cells were appeared in the granulation tissue. After three weeks, the wound closed completely with SK-treated but not in control. These results suggest that SK enhanced neovascularization by VEGF and this kind of apoptosis process makes the scar smooth. In this study, it is obvious that SK also accelerates healing of intractable wound.

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