• Title, Summary, Keyword: yeast

Search Result 4,525, Processing Time 0.049 seconds

Effects of Strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Incubation Conditions on the In vitro Degradability of Yeast and Roughage

  • Ando, S.;Nishiguchi, Y.;Hayasaka, K.;Yoshihara, Y.;Takahashi, J.;Iefuji, H.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.18 no.3
    • /
    • pp.354-357
    • /
    • 2005
  • The in vitro degradability of yeast and the effect of yeast on the in vitro degradability of forage may differ in terms of the specific yeast strains or their incubation conditions. Thus in experiment 1, two strains of sake yeast (strainK7 and strainK9) and one strain of bakers' yeast (KY5649) were incubated in an aerobic condition. In experiment 2, aerobically or anaero bically incubated K7 was used for investigating the in vitro degradability of yeast, the effect of yeast on the in vitro degradability of forage, and the degradability of yeast by pepsin and pronase treatment. The in vitrodegradability of bakers' yeast was significantly (p<0.05) higher than those of sake yeasts. The in vitro degradability of anaerobically incubated yeast was significantly (p<0.01) higher than that of aerobically incubated yeast. The degradability of bakers' yeast by pepsin treatment was significantly (p<0.01) higher than that of the sake yeasts. The degradability of bakers' yeast by pronase treatment was slightly higher than that of the two sake yeasts, while the degradability of anaerobically incubated yeast by both enzymes, respectively, was significantly (p<0.01) higher than that of aerobically incubated yeast. The degradability of forages was increased significantly (p<0.05) by the addition of yeasts. The degradability of roughage by sake yeast tended to be higher than that by the bakers' yeast. The degradability of roughage was significantly (p<0.05) higher by anaerobically incubated yeast than by aerobically incubated yeast. Given the above results, it seems that in vitro degradability of yeast and the magnitude of the increment of roughage degradation differ among the yeast strains and their incubation conditions.

Antidiabetic Effect of Vanadium Yeast Complex (Vanadium yeast 격합체의 항당뇨 효과)

  • 박승희;정규혁
    • Biomolecules & Therapeutics
    • /
    • v.9 no.4
    • /
    • pp.270-276
    • /
    • 2001
  • Vanadium yeast was prepared by uptaking vanadate in yeast cells. The growth rate of yeast cells was enhanced by 1-5% glucose. While the growth rate of yeast cells was not significantly affected by YEPD containing less than 1mM vanadate, it was completely inhibited by 2.5 mM vanadate. Vanadium uptake in yeast cells was increased with increasing vanadate concentration in growth medium. Vanadate (V) was reduced to vanadyl (IV) in yeast cells associating with macromolecular compounds in cells. Oral administration of vanadium yeast significantly reduced blood glucose levels of streptozotocin treated rats same as vanadate. Vanadate and vanadium yeast similarly increased glucose oxidation in isolated adipocytes. Therefore, it was suggested that vanadium yeast could have an antidiabetic activity potency similar to that of vanadate.

  • PDF

Studies on the Reactive Characteristics of Immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisia in Ethanol Production (Immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisia의 반응특성에 관한 연구)

  • 김성기
    • Journal of Environmental Health Sciences
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.84-94
    • /
    • 1992
  • In an attempt to develop the immobilized biocatalysts based on immobilized Saccharomyces cerevisiae, immobilized yeast was investigated with respect to the conditions affected to ethanol productivities. Saccharomyces cerevisiae was immobilized in the form of the beads by magnetic-calcium alginate, non magnetic-calcium alginate and acrylamide polymerization. Magnetic immobilized yeast, nonmagnetic immobilized yeast and polyacrylamide immobilized yeast were compared in respect of their pH stability, thermostability, heat tolerance, the relation between the concetration of native yeast and retained activity of immobilized yeast, the activity depending on bead size of immobilized yeast, and the effects of magnesium and cobalt on the activities. The more small bead had retained the higher activity for the three kinds of immobilized yeast. In case of 1.0mm diameter of beads, the retained activity was 40~50% for the all groups. The pH stability profile for the immobilized yeast showed a broad range of optimun activity while the native yeast gave a sharp pick for its optimun pH value. The thermostability was at the range of 25~55$^{\circ}$C for the immobilized yeast groups. It was investigated that the influent magnesium and cobalt concentration, and the relative activity have an influent on heat tolerance at steady state. Both protein content released from immobilized yeast and activity of immobilized yeast were changed after activation of immobilized yeast cell.

  • PDF

Toxic Reduction Effect of Vanadium Yeast (Vanadium Yeast의 독성저감 효과)

  • 박승희;정규혁
    • Environmental Mutagens and Carcinogens
    • /
    • v.21 no.2
    • /
    • pp.156-163
    • /
    • 2001
  • Vanadium has been known as environmental polluants resulted from the burning of fossil fuels in nature. It led to toxic responses by prooxidant activity, inducing free radicals and the accumulation in the tissues. Recently, there has been growing interest in an essential nutritional requirement of vandium and especially the treatment of diabetes. But because of its strong toxicity, thease chemicals have narrow safety margin. In order to reduce metal toxicity, and increase absorption and biological activities, metal ions such as selenium and chromium were uptaken in yeast cells. In this study, Vanadium yeast was prepared by uptaking vanadate in yeast cells. Vanadate induced hematological and biochemical changes in the experimental rat blood were inhibited by the treatments of vanadium yeast. Lipid peroxidation and catalase activity were significantly increased in kidney and liver after a single intraperitoneal injection of vanadate to rats. However, these observations were apparently reduced in the vanadium yeast treated group. Vanadium amount in blood, kidney and liver after a single intraperitoneal injection of vanadium yeast was significantly reduced than that of vanadate treated group. In conclusion, vanadium yeast uptaken vanadate in yeast cells could reduce toxic effects of vanadate.

  • PDF

Simultaneous Production of Invertase and Yeast Extract from Baker's Yeast (Baker's yeast로부터 invertase 및 yeast extract 동시 생산공정)

  • 최순자;정봉현
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.13 no.3
    • /
    • pp.308-311
    • /
    • 1998
  • A novel process was developed to simultaneously produce invertase and yeast extract from baker's yeast using ultrafiltration (UF) and microfiltration (MF) membrane processing. After the extraction of invertase under the optimal condition obtained in this study, invertase was separated from yeast cells using a hollow fiber membrane with a pore size of 0.1 $\mu\textrm{m}$. The resulting permeate containing invertase was concentrated using a hollow fiber membrane with a nominal molecular weight cut-off of 30 kDa. The yeast cell and permeate solutions, which were obtained after MF and UF membrane processing, respectively, were mixed together, and the autolysis was performed at 50$^{\circ}C$ in the presence of 5% (w/v) ethanol and 1% (w/v) NaCl. As a result, the yeast extract and invertase could be simultaneously produced from baker's yeast by this novel process.

  • PDF

Reduction of Nitro and Nitroso Compounds by Glucose and Baker's Yeast (Glucose와 Baker's Yeast에 의한 니트로와 니트로소 화합물의 환원반응)

  • 김경순;박종옥류병호최희숙
    • KSBB Journal
    • /
    • v.11 no.6
    • /
    • pp.623-629
    • /
    • 1996
  • m-Bromonitrobenzene was reduced to m-bromoaniline with a 86∼91% yield by either baker's yeast (Sigma type I) or glucose and baker's yeast in conjunction with glucose. Nitrosobenzene was reduced to aniline in good yields using baker's yeast(Sigma type I) only.

  • PDF

Effect of Feeding Live Yeast (Saecharomyces cerevisiae) on Nutrient Utilization and Changes of Intestinal Microorganism in Broiler Chicks (육계에 있어서 활성효모 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)의 급여가 영양소 이용성과 장내 미생물의 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • 이현우;김인호;김춘수
    • Korean Journal of Poultry Science
    • /
    • v.22 no.4
    • /
    • pp.203-211
    • /
    • 1995
  • In order to investigate the effect of feeding live yeast on growth performance, nutrients utilization, tibia mineral deposit and intestinal microorganism changes, a growth assay was conducted with 360 broiler chicks. Treatments were four levels of yeast as 0, 0.025, 0.05 and 0.1% in 1.83% tricalcium phosphate and two levels of yeast as 0 and 0.05% in 1.15% tricalcium phosphate. The crude protein content of live yeast was 45%, and 97% of it was in the pure protein form, with 46.6% of essential amino acids and 53.4% of non-essential amino acids. Growth performance was tended to increase by feeding the yeast but there was no significant difference(P>.05). The protein digestibility was increased as the feeding level of yeast increased. However, digestibilities of fat, fiber, calcium and phosphorus were not affected by the yeast. Ash and calcium content of tibia were increased as the level of yeast increased. Total number of E. coli in small intestine was significantly decreased(P<.05) in chicks fed yeast. Total number of Lactobaci1lus was significantly increased by the yeast feeding. The changes of microorganism in cecum had the same trend with the changes of microorganism in small intestine.

  • PDF

Preparation of Organic Germanium by Yeast Cell (효모를 이용한 유기게르마늄의 제조)

  • 송원종;이상철;오태광
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.23 no.1
    • /
    • pp.87-90
    • /
    • 1995
  • A process of organically bound germanium preparation was developed for healthy food using inorganic germanium adapted Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Adaptations of Saccharomyces cerevisiae against inorganic germanium were successively carried out through stepwise increase of GeO$_{2}$ concentration in order to produce high quantities of germanium bound yeast. Productivity of yeast and quantities of germanium in yeast were obtained 70.2 g/l and 9780 ppm, repectively, when adapted yeast and fed batch culture were used. Germanium taken-up yeast is to be organically bound germanium by evidence of no difference of germanium content after dialysis.

  • PDF

Characterization of the Spoilage Yeast Isolated from Ginseng Product (인삼제품에서 분리한 부패성 효모의 특성)

  • 곽이성;신기선
    • Journal of Ginseng Research
    • /
    • v.18 no.1
    • /
    • pp.49-52
    • /
    • 1994
  • A yeast was isolated from the spoiled ginseng product. The isolate was ellipsoidal shaped yeast measured around 2.0 to 2.5 w in diameter. The strain formed pseudomycelium on potato-dextrose agar medium. The isolated yeast used glucose as fermentable sugar, and showed assimilation activity for glucose, sorbitol and mannitol. The strain was also able to grow in the presence of 1% acetic acid and 50% (w/v) glucose-yeast extract agar. The isolated osmophilic yeast was identified as a strain of Zygosauharomyce sp.

  • PDF

Manipulation of Rumen Fermentation by Yeast: The Effects of Dried Beer Yeast on the In vitro Degradability of Forages and Methane Production

  • Ando, S.;Khan, R.I.;Takahasi, J.;Gamo, Y.;Morikawa, R.;Nishiguchi, Y.;Hayasaka, K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
    • /
    • v.17 no.1
    • /
    • pp.68-72
    • /
    • 2004
  • The effects of the addition of yeast on in vitro roughage degradability and methane production were investigated in order to clarify the effects of yeast on the rumen microbes and to establish methods of rumen manipulation. Three roughages (whole crop corn, rice straw and Italian ryegrass) were incubated for 3, 6, 12 and 24 h with or without dried beer yeast following the method described by Tilley and Terry. Using the same method, these roughages were incubated with or without yeast extract, albumin or purified DNA. In vitro methane production was measured with or without dried beer yeast at 12 and 24 h. The degradability of yeast was found to be 57 and 80% at 12 and 24 h, respectively. The rate of degradation of fraction b was 6.16%/h. There was a significant increase in roughage degradability at 6 h (p<0.05), 12 h (p<0.05) and 24 h (p<0.01) by dried yeast addition. The degradability of all three roughages was higher in the samples treated with yeast extract than in the no addition samples except in the case of rice straw incubated for 12 h. Nevertheless, the magnitude of increment was smaller with the addition of yeast extract than without the addition of yeast. With the addition of purified DNA, there were significant increases in roughage degradability at 6 h (p<0.01), 12 h (p<0.01) and 24 h (p<0.05); however, higher degradability values were detected in the samples to which albumin was added, particularly at 6 h. If the degradability values of the no addition samples with those of samples containing yeast, yeast extract, DNA and albumin were compared, the largest difference was found in the samples to which yeast was added, although it is worth noting that higher values were observed in the yeast extract samples than in the DNA or albumin samples, with the exception of the case of rice straw incubated for 24 h. Methane production was significantly increased at both 12 and 24 h incubation. The increment of roughage degradation and methane production brought about by the addition of dried beer yeast to the samples was thought to be due to the activation of rumen microbes. Water soluble fraction of yeast also seemed to play a role in ruminal microbe activation. The increment of degradability is thought to be partially due to the addition of crude protein or nucleic acid but it is expected that other factors play a greater role. And those factors may responsible for the different effects of individual yeast on ruminal microbes.