• Title, Summary, Keyword: zoo animal species

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Seroprevalence of hepatitis E virus in zoo animal species in Korea

  • Song, Young-Jo;Kim, Bo-Sook;Park, Woo-Jung;Park, Byung-Joo;Lee, Seul-Kee;Shin, Jong-Il;Lee, Nak-Hyung;Lee, Joong-Bok;Park, Seung-Yong;Song, Chang-Seon;Seo, Kun-Ho;Choi, In-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.53 no.1
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    • pp.65-68
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    • 2013
  • Hepatitis E virus (HEV) can infect not only human but also several animals. This study has been conducted to evaluate the comprehensive anti-HEV seroprevalence in zoo animals in Korea. Anti-HEV antibodies were identified in 14 of 64 zoo animal species. HEV antibodies were detected for the first time in Eurasian Lynx, Setland Pony, Fallow Deer, Ezo Sika, Formosa Deer, East Wapitis, Barasingha, Corriedale, American Bison, Guanacos, Reticulated Giraffe, and Saanen. These results indicate that the several zoo animal species were exposed to HEV.

Application of Cytochrome b Gene Sequences for Identification of Parrots from Korean Zoos

  • Kim, Jung-il;Do, Thinh Dinh;Lee, Duri;Yeo, Yonggu;Kim, Chang-Bae
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.216-221
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    • 2020
  • Parrots are common targets for illegal trade because of their beauty and high price. Accurate identification is necessary for the prevention of illegal trade and conservation of parrots. In the present study, mitochondrial markers of cytochrome b (CYTB) gene were used to identify parrot species from Korean zoos. Totally, 27 samples were collected from Seoul Zoo, Cheongju Zoo, and Uchi Zoo. After collection, total DNA of samples was extracted and used for PCR amplification. CYTB fragments were sequenced from all samples examined. The obtained sequences were used for GenBank blast, distance estimation, and phylogenetic analysis. All species were identified using CYTB sequences that determined 27 samples belong to 13 species in 7 genera, and 3 families. Our finding demonstrated the usefulness of CYTB sequences for identifying parrot species in Korean zoos.

A basic study on the animal welfare evaluation in Korean zoos (국내 동물원의 동물복지 평가에 관한 기초 연구)

  • Cho, Kyung Uk;Choe, Byung-In;Kim, Hwi Yool;Han, Jin Soo;Kim, Jin Suk
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.49 no.1
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    • pp.91-99
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    • 2009
  • The concept about zoo is changing from the animal exhibition which simply contained the animals to the ecological zoo which has the function of preserving the animal species. At the central point of maintaining such role, the basic principle called the animal welfare lies obviously. Korea has applied the animal welfare principles such as carrying out the enrichment in the zoos since 2003, but there has not been any institutional device to evaluate and examine the application of the animal welfare so far. This study aims to confirm the level of animal welfare in Korea and suggest a developmental direction. For the purpose of the study, 12 zoos in Korea were evaluated according to 68 evaluating categories. 'Five Principles of Animal Welfare' in the Secretary of State's Standards of Modern Zoo Practice were selected and carried out as the evaluation categories, and the result, from the highest to lowest score given, was 'provision of food and water', 'provision of protection from fear and distress', 'provision of health care', 'provision of an opportunity to express most normal behaviours', and 'provision of a suitable enrichment' with the overall score of the entire Korean zoos being 2.86 (${\pm}$ 0.56). It was also confirmed that in order to improve the animal welfare of the Korean zoos, the animal management system must be standardized and organized. The evaluation and feedback, the active practice of animal welfare and its legislative support should be provided to establish an effective institutional device as well.

Aerobic bacteria from oral cavities and cloaca of snakes in a petting zoo

  • Jho, Yeon-Sook;Park, Dae-Hun;Lee, Jong-Hwa;Lyoo, Young S.
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.51 no.3
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    • pp.243-247
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    • 2011
  • It is important to identify the bacteria in snakes because they can cause disease; importantly, bacteria such as Stenotrophomonas maltophilia, Escherichia coli, Proteus vulgaris etc. could be pathogens especially in hospitalized, debilitated hosts, and immunocompromised patients. To analyze the distribution of snakes' bacteria in petting zoo, samples from 20 snakes were collected from 2002 to 2008. Nine bacteria species were isolated from both oral and cloaca while four and six species were identified only from oral and cloaca, respectively. Except for Actinobacter sp., all of the identified strains are opportunistic pathogens, and most of them can cause nosocomial infections in humans. Present results indicate that prevalence of various zoonotic bacterial strains in snakes could be involved in potential transfer of these bacteria into caretakers and other animals. Therefore, it needs to examine the antibiotic resistance of these pathogens to prevent outbreaks.

Change Process of the Zoo in the Seoul Children's Grand Park (서울 어린이대공원 내 동물원의 변화과정)

  • Kim, Dong-Hoon;Kim, Ah-Yeon
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Landscape Architecture
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    • v.44 no.6
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    • pp.13-25
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to analyze the change process in order to set the improvement strategies for the zoo in the Seoul Children's Grand Park. The zoo can be reviewed through three significant time periods with noticeable changes. As a framework to analyze the major changes that happened in the zoo, this study looks at the changes in terms of the planning aspect as well as the animal welfare and program operation aspect. The findings are as follows: first, the era of general theme park turned out to have focused on exhibiting animals to meet visitor demands by expanding the zoo area of the zoo without enlarging stockyards for the animals. Second, the environmental park era created a zoo having entertaining and educational functions by arranging animal houses with the concept of zoological taxonomy and introducing animal behavioral enrichment, animal welfare programs and visitor participatory programs. The era of the zoo as an Urban Cultural Park improved old animal houses and facilities for the welfare of the animals and increased educational programs to preserve species and provide environmental education. The current status of the zoo turns out not to meet the conditions for creating an ecological zoo, which is the overall goal for contemporary zoos. The improvement strategies based on the analysis through three different eras are three-fold. First, the zoo needs to improve the boundary conditions of the animals to showcase animal wildness through landscape immersion. Second, the zoo should provide a shared environment for animals from the same habitats by changing the classification methods from the existing polyphyletic taxon to a classification that considers ecological habitat. Third, the zoo needs to develop various ecological education programs by supplementing specialists in professional education.

Molecular Detection of Verotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) from Animal Feces for Screening VTEC-shedders

  • Kobayashi, Y.;Sato, M.;Taguchi, H.;Koike, S.;Nakatsuji, H.;Tanaka, K.
    • Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.423-427
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    • 2004
  • Seventy-six animals including cattle, sheep, horses, 6 species of zoo animals were employed for collection of fresh feces in order to detect verotoxigenic Esherichia coli (VTEC) by safe, quick and sensitive PCR-based molecular methods. Bacterial cell disruption with bead-beating followed by bacterial DNA purification with hydroxyapatide chromatography and gel filtration allowed DNA preparation from animal feces with high recovery and purity. A mountain goat was firstly shown by PCR and sequencing to shed verotoxin 2 gene (vt2) that was used to generate vt2 probe and second primer set for nested PCR to attempt more sensitive detection. Most sensitive nested PCR revealed that 45% of tested cattle and 47% of tested zoo animals were VTEC-positive, while least sensitive normal PCR detected VTEC from none of these animals except a mountain goat. Moderately sensitive detection by PCR in combination with hybridization suggested that the VTEC density varied between the VTEC-positive cattle.

Canine distemper outbreak in a zoo (동물원에서 집단 발생한 개 디스템퍼 감염증)

  • Hur, Kwon;Bae, Ji-Seon;Choi, Jae-Hoon;Shin, Nam-Sik;Lee, Ki-Whan;Kwon, Soo-Wahn;Kim, Dae-Yong
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Pathology
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.139-145
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    • 1998
  • A total of 5 animals including 3 raccoons, 1 badger, and 1 fennec fox kept in outdoor exhibits at the Everland Zoological Gardens showed depression, anorexia, dyspnea, serous oculonasal discharge, diarrhea, and convulsions. All the affected animals died within 10 days after the onset of clinical signs. This outbreak lasted about 4 months. On necropsy, major gross lesions were confined to the lungs. Red to grey sublobular to lobular consolidations with various sized tan to reddish spots were observed in the lungs. Histopathologically, the pulmonary lesions were characterized by acute to subacute bronchointerstitial pneumonia with secondary bacterial or adenoviral infections. Intracytoplasmic eosinophilic inclusion bodies compatible with canine distemper virus (CDV) were found in the lung, urinary bladder, kidney, intrahepatic bile duct, stomach, small and large intestines. Multifocal areas of severe demyelination and accumulation of gitter cells or nonsuppurative inflammation were seen in the brains of 2 raccoons. CDV -specific antigens were demonstrated in the lung sections on immunofluorescent assay. The present report describes an outbreak of CDV infection in a zoo and indicates the range of susceptible zoo animal species.

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Evaluation of conservation of endangered species through somatic cell nuclear technology (체세포복제를 통한 멸종위기동물의 종 보전 평가)

  • Hyun, Sang Hwan;Jeong, Yeon Woo;Hwang, Kyu Chan;Lee, Guk Jin;Yang, Il Suk
    • Korean Journal of Veterinary Research
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.155-161
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    • 2015
  • The number of wild animal species is gradually decreasing due to poaching, hunting and habitat loss. While several endangered animal species have been successfully preserved at the zoo, assisted reproductive technology (ART) must be applied to restore wild animals. In the case of critically endangered animals, somatic cell cloning is considered the most appropriate method of ART. Somatic cell cloning can be beneficial for the reproduction of endangered species with limited female populations. However, gene and cell banks, and understanding of reproductive physiology and optimization of ART for wild animals are urgently required for further activation of artificial reproduction of endangered species, which enlarges its application and maintains biodiversity. Care should also be taken to consider ethical and legal issues associated with somatic cell cloning for conservation of endangered animals.

Validation of Parkiana Cho, 2020 and Its Two Species, from Andasibe, Madagascar (Lepidoptera: Lecithoceridae)

  • Cho, Soowon;Koo, Jun-Mo;Agassiz, David J.L.
    • Animal Systematics, Evolution and Diversity
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.274-275
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    • 2020
  • Recently, the new genus Parkiana (Lecithoceridae) and its two new species, Parkiana matutinalis and Parkiana andasibensis, were described by the authors from Andasibe, Madagascar. Although the morphological descriptions and figures fully characterized the new genus with two new species in that paper, the journal issue in which the description appeared was published online-only, and the ZooBank LSID, required for validation of new names in electronic-only publications, was not included. Therefore, the present note serves to validate the names of the new genus and species, Parkiana, Parkiana matutinalis and Parkiana andasibensis, by fulfilling Code conditions for nomenclatural availability.