• Title, Summary, Keyword: zymography

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Fibrinolytic Enzyme Activity of Extract from Camellia japonica L. (동백나무 추출물의 혈전용해 효소활성)

  • Lim, Chae-Young;Lee, Sook-Young;Pyo, Byeong-Sik;Kim, Sun-Min
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
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    • v.14 no.4
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    • pp.195-201
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    • 2006
  • The fibrinolytic activities of soluble proteins extracted from young leaves of Camellia japonica L. were studied. Fibrinolvity activity of extract from partitions of C. japonica L. showed 1.6-2.0 times higher than plasmin used as positive control. The fibrinolytic enzyme was confirmed directly from young leaves of C. japonica L. by a fibrin Plate and fibrin zymography. The protein was composed of a single polypeptide and its apparent molecular weight was found to be 45 kDa, as judged by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The optimum pH and temperature for the fibrinolytic activity were pH 5.5 and $30^{\circ}C$, respectively. Also, the fibrinolytic activity was clearly inhibited by PMSF and TLCK, suggesting that it is a member of the trypsin-like serine protease. All these results suggest the protease is a fibrinolytic enzyme belong to a family of trypsin-like serine protease.

Effects of Seaweeds on Matrix Metalloproteinases Derived from Normal Human Dermal Fibroblasts and Human Fibrosarcoma Cells (사람피부섬유아세포 및 섬유아육종세포로부터 유래된 기질금속단백질효소에 대한 해조류의 효능)

  • Park, In-Hwan;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Kim, Se-Kwon;Ngo, Dai-Nghiep;Jeon, You-Jin;Kim, Moon-Moo
    • Journal of Life Science
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    • v.21 no.11
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    • pp.1501-1510
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    • 2011
  • In recent years novel potential pharmocological candidates have been looked for in animal, seaweed, sponge, fungi and marine bacteria resources. In this study, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) that play an important role in metastasis, arthritis, chronic inflammation and wrinkle formation were used as target enzymes to screen therapeutic agents. The inhibitory effects of several marine algae including green algae (5 species), red algae (18 species) and brown algae (4 species) methanolic extracts on MMPs were investigated in human dermal fibroblasts and human fibrosarcoma cell line (HT1080 cells) using gelatin zymography. In human dermal fibroblasts, the inhibition of MMP-2 was observed in Laurencia okamurae, Polysiphonia japonica, Grateloupia lanceolate and Sinkoraena lancifolia of red algae. In contrast, MMP-2 activation was enhanced in Enteromorpha compressa and E. linza of green algae, and Peltaronia bighamiae and Sargassum thunbergii of brown algae. In human fibrosarcoma cells, MMP-9 activation was decreased in the presence of S. thunbergii of brown algae, Polysiphonia japonica in red algae and E. compressa and E. linza of green algae. The interesting finding is that E. compressa and E. linza of green algae, and S. thunbergii of brown algae exhibited a positive effect on MMP-2 in normal cells, but a negative effect on MMP-9 in cancer cell lines. These results suggest that E. compressa and E. linza of green algae, and S. thunbergii of brown algae contain potential therapeutic ingredients for cancer treatment.

A Study of matrix metalloproteinase-9 inhibitor in root bark of ulmus davidiana planchon (유근피내의 Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 활성 억제제에 관한 연구)

  • Kong, Kwang-Hoon;Han, Kee-Jung;Lee, Kwang-Soo;Cho, Sung-Hye
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.104-111
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    • 2005
  • Several solvents were used to fractionate an extract obtained from the chapped root bark of Ulmus davidiana Planchon. The each fractionary part was condensed under reduced pressure and then examined to investigate the inhibitory effect on MMPs by modified gelatin zymography, where EA fraction showed the inhibition effect on the activity of MMPs. A compound showing inhibition effect on the MMPs was isolated and purified from EA fraction. Under IR, $^1H$- and $^{13}C$- NMR analyses it is very close to a catethin. This substance showed 48% inhibition effect on measurement of MMP-9 activity at 5 mM and 43% at 10 mM. To verify the effect of this substance on cells, human hepatoma, SK-Hep-1 cells as a cancer model, and Chang liver cells as a normal model were selected. MTT assay was performed to examine the cell viability by treatment of $1{\mu}L/mL$ of the purified substance on cells. The purified substance showed negligible toxicity on human liver cell line.

Effects of Persimmon leaf on the Photoaging Skin Improvement(2) (감잎의 광노화 피부 개선에 미치는 효과(2))

  • Lee, Chang Hyun;Kim, Nam Seok;Choi, Dong Seong;Oh, Mi Jin;Ma, Sang Yong;Kim, Myoung Soon;Ryu, Seung Jeong;Kwon, Jin;Shin, Hyun Jong;Oh, Chan Ho
    • Journal of Physiology & Pathology in Korean Medicine
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 2014
  • This study was performed to investigate the anti-photoaging effects of Persimmon leaf tea(PLT) in hairless mice(SKH-1) exposed to UVB radiation. The animals were divided into non-treated group (normal, N) and UV-radiated groups. UV-radiated groups were divided into only UV-radiated group(control, C) and UV-radiated and PLT treated experimental groups[first extraction treated group(PLT-I), second extraction treated groupe(PLT-II), and third extraction treated group(PLT-III)]. Three PLT treated experimental groups of mice were treated with both oral administration(300mg/Kg B.W./day) and topical application (100 ul of 2% conc./mouse/day) for 4 weeks. Anti-photoaging effects of Persimmon leaf were evaluated by MTT assay, anti oxidative reaction, MMP immunohistochemistry, gelatin zymography assay and RT-PCR observations. Treatment with Persimmon leaf tea(PLT)-I, and -III groups decreased immunohistochemical density of matrix metalloproteinases(MMP)-3 and -9 related to degradation of extracellular matrix in skin. Especially, immunohistochemical density of MMP-2 decreased in PLT-I, -II and -III groups in skin. On the effects of antioxidant function on the treatment with Persimmon leaf tea(PLT), treatment of HaCaT cells with extracts of PLT-I and PLT-II had also significantly reduced intracellular ROS produced by UVB irradiation in a dose dependent manner(PLT-I, p<0.05, p<0.01, p<0.001; PLT-II, p<0.01, p<0.001). Gelatin zymography assay revealed that PLT-II and PLT-III (200 ug/ml) had inhibitory effect on MMP-9 expression in UVB-radiated HaCaT cells. Western blot analysis revealed that PLT-1, -II and -III groups down-regulates the expression of inflammatory associated genes(IL-$1{\beta}$) and PLT-1 and -II groups down-regulates the expression of TNF-${\alpha}$ in a dose dependent manner. Our study suggests that Persimmon leaf tea(PLT) extracts participates in inhibitory effects on the morphological and molecular experiments related to photoaging skin on UVB irradiated hairless mice.

Inhibitory Effect of Siderophore Purified from Burkholderia sp. CAS-5 on the Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 (Gelatinase A) (Burkholderia sp. CAS-5 균으로 부터 생산된 시드로포어의 Matrix metalloproteinase-2(Gelatinase A) 억제 활성)

  • Kim, Kyoung-Ja
    • YAKHAK HOEJI
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    • v.50 no.4
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    • pp.228-233
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    • 2006
  • Matrix metalloproteinase-2 is known to be involved in pathological processes such as tumor invasion or rheumatoid arthritis. A soil microorganism producing siderophore under low iron stress $(up\;to\;5\;{\mu}m\;of\;iron)$ was identified as Burkholderia sp. Hydroxamate type siderophore produced by Burkholderia sp. CAS-5 was partially purified. MMP inhibitory activity of siderophore was confirmed by gelatin zymography. The $Zn^{2+}-chelating$ activity of siderophore correlated with the inhibition of MMP-2 activity.

Inhibitory Effect of Hizikia fusiformis Solvent-Partitioned Fractions on Invasion and MMP Activity of HT1080 Human Fibrosarcoma Cells

  • Lee, Seul-Gi;Karadeniz, Fatih;Oh, Jung Hwan;Yu, Ga Hyun;Kong, Chang-Suk
    • Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.184-190
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    • 2017
  • Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are endopeptidases that take significant roles in extracellular matrix degradation and therefore linked to several complications such as metastasis of cancer progression, oxidative stress, and hepatic fibrosis. Hizikia fusiformis, a brown algae, was reported to possess bioactivities, including but not limited to, antiviral, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory partly due to bioactive polysaccharide contents. In this study, the potential of H. fusiformis against cancer cell invasion was evaluated through the MMP inhibitory effect in HT1080 fibrosarcoma cells in vitro. H. fusiformis crude extract was fractionated with organic solvents, $H_2O$, n-BuOH, 85% aqueous MeOH, and n-hexane (n-Hex). The non-toxicity of the fractions was confirmed by MTT assay. All fractions inhibited the enzymatic activities of MMP-2 and MMP-9 according to the gelatin zymography assay. Cell migration was also significantly inhibited by the n-Hex fraction. In addition, both gene and protein expressions of MMP-2 and -9, and tissue inhibitor of MMPs (TIMPs) were evaluated by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting, respectively. The fractions suppressed the mRNA and protein levels of MMP-2, MMP-9 while elevating the TIMP-1 and TIMP-2, with the $H_2O$ fraction being the least effective while n-Hex fraction the most. Collectively, the n-Hex fraction from brown algae H. fusiformis could be a potential inhibitor of MMPs, suggesting the presence of various derivatives of polysaccharides in high amounts.

Effects of Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) on Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP) Activity and Cell Motility in Human Colon Cancer Cell Lines (Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA)가 인체 대장암 세포주에서 Matrix Metalloproteinase (MMP) 활성과 세포이동성에 미치는 영향)

  • 설소미;방명희;최옥숙;윤정한;김우경
    • Journal of Nutrition and Health
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.280-286
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    • 2003
  • Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) consists of several geometric isomers of linoleic acid. CLA is found in foods derived from ruminants and exhibits strong anticarcinogenic effects in a variety of animal models. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play a key role in cancer progression. Specifically, MMP-2 and -9, which hydrolyze the basal membrane type IV collagen, are involved in the initial breakdown of collagen and basement membrane components during tumor growth and invasion. However, the effects of CLA on cancer cell motility and MMP expression and activity are not currently well known. Therefore, the present study examined whether CLA reduces the activity of MMP and cell motility in SW480 and SW620 cells, the human colon cancer cell lines. Gelatin zymography and Western blot analysis revealed that phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) induced the activity and protein expression of Mr 92,000 MMP-9 in both cell lines. To examine whether CLA inhibits the MMP activity, cells were incubated with 100 ngfmL PMA in the presence of various concentrations of CLA. PMA-induced MMP-9 activity was decreased by 20 $\mu$ M CLA in SW480 cells, and by 10 $\mu$ M and 20 $\mu$ M CLA in SW620 cells. Results from the Hoyden chamber assay showed that cell motility was increased by PMA and that PMA-induced cell motility was significantly decreased by 20 $\mu$ M CLA in SW480 cells. These results indicate that CLA may reduce the motility and MMP activity in human colon cancer cells.

Inhibitory Effects of Carex pumila Extracts on MMP-2 and MMP-9 Activities in HT-1080 Cells (HT-1080 세포주에서 좀보리사초 추출물의 MMP-2와 MMP-9 활성 억제효과)

  • Kim, Junse;Kong, Chang-Suk;Seo, Youngwan
    • Ocean and Polar Research
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.249-257
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    • 2018
  • Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are associated with the invasion and metastasis of malignant tumors composed of cancer cells in an increased state of expression. This study evaluates the inhibitory effect of Carex pumila on MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity in phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA)-stimulated HT-1080 human fibrosarcoma cells using gelatin zymography, MMPs enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blot assay. C. pumila was extracted twice with dichloromethane ($CH_2Cl_2$) and methanol (MeOH). Treatment with $CH_2Cl_2$ extract and MeOH extract in PMA-stimulated HT-1080 cells effectively reduced the production of MMP-2 and 9. Also, the combined crude extracts ($CH_2Cl_2$ and MeOH) significantly inhibited the enzymatic activities and the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in mRNA and protein levels. The combined crude extracts were partitioned between $CH_2Cl_2$ and water. The organic layer was further fractionated with n-hexane, 85% aqueous methanol (85% aq.MeOH) and the aqueous layer was separated into n-butanol and water, successively. Of the fractions, 85% aq.MeOH fraction showed the highest inhibitory activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9 in gelatin zymography and MMP ELISA kit. Furthermore, 85% aq.MeOH fraction most significantly suppressed cell migration. In RT-PCR and Western blot assay, n-butanol and 85% aq.MeOH fractions exerted the greatest inhibition on mRNA and protein expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9, respectively. As a result, C. pumila can be used as a good anti-invasive agent source.

Auraptene Inhibits Migration and Invasion of Cervical and Ovarian Cancer Cells by Repression of Matrix Metalloproteinasas 2 and 9 Activity

  • Jamialahmadi, Khadijeh;Salari, Sofia;Alamolhodaei, Nafiseh Sadat;Avan, Amir;Gholami, Leila;Karimi, Gholamreza
    • Journal of Pharmacopuncture
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    • v.21 no.3
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    • pp.177-184
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: Auraptene, a natural citrus coumarin, found in plants of Rutaceae and Apiaceae families. In this study, we investigated the effects of auraptene on tumor migration, invasion and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-2 and -9 enzymes activity. Methods: The effects of auraptene on the viability of A2780 and Hela cell lines was evaluated by MTT assay. Wound healing migration assay and Boyden chamber assay were determined the effect of auraptene on migration and cell invasion, respectively. MMP-2 and MMP-9 activities were analyzed by gelatin zymography assay. Results: Auraptene reduced A2780 cell viability. The results showed that auraptene inhibited in vitro migration and invasion of both cells. Furthermore, cell invasion ability suppressed at $100{\mu}M$ auraptene in Hela cells and at 25, $50{\mu}M$ in A2780 cell line. Gelatin zymography showed that for Hela cell line, auraptene suppressed MMP-2 enzymatic activity in all concentrations and for MMP-9 at a concentration between 12.5 to $100{\mu}M$ in A2780 cell line. Conclusion: Auraptene inhibited migration and invasion of human cervical and ovarian cancer cells in vitro by possibly inhibitory effects on MMP-2 and MMP-9 activity.

사람 난포액에 존재하는 Matrix Metalloproteinase-2 Isoform의 동정

  • 나경아;김지수;심명선;권혁찬;이승재;윤용달;김해권
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Embryo Transfer Conference
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    • pp.108-108
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    • 2002
  • 포유동물의 암컷 생식기관에 존재하는 다양한 종류의 matrix metallo-proteinase (MMP)는 난소와 자궁의 구성성분의 주기적인 변화를 조절하며 이중 난소의 MMP는 난포의 성장과 배란 그리고 퇴화 동안 조직재구성에 매우 중요한 역할을 한다고 알려져 있다. 본 실험에서는 근래에 새로 발견된 사람의 난포액에 존재하는 분자량 약 110kDa인 MMP-2 isoform GA110을 동정하고 자 하였다. 난포액으로부터 GA110 단백질을 분리하기 위하여 난포액에 5mM ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid(EDTA)를 처리한 후 DEAE Sepharose Fast Flow를 이용한 chromatography를 시행하였다. 그 결과, 난포액 단백질들은 0.2M NaCl 의 분획에서 GA110 활성을 나타내었고 anti-human MMP-2 antibody에 대한 면역반응도 뚜렷이 나타났다. DEAE Sepharose Fast Flow에서 얻은 분획 중 GA110의 활성과 면역반응을 모두 나타내는 분획만을 모아 Gelatin Sepharose 4B affinity chromatography로 다시 분리하였다 분리한 결과 resin에 흡착된 단백질 (eluate) 분획들에서 매우 뚜렷한 GA110 gelatinase 활성을 나타내었으며 면역반응 또한 관찰되었다. 이 분획들의 단백질을 농축한 후 zymography를 시행하여 나타난 GA110 단백질 band를 잘라 내었으며 이로부터 단백질을 electroelution하여 농축한 후 reducing agent인 2-mercaptoethanol를 처리하였다. 이를 전기영동 후 MMP-2 (propeptide region) antibody를 사용하여 immunoblotting 한 결과 70-72kDa의 단백질만이 면역반응을 나타내었다. 마지막으로 위와 같이 준비된 70-72kDa 단백질의 아미노산 서열을 Edman degradation 방법으로 분석하였다. 그 결과 이 단백질의 N 말단의 10개의 아미노산 배열 순서가 알려진 사람의 proMMP-2의 전체 배열순서 중 propetide domain의 N 말단에서부터 다섯 번째에서 시작하여 10개의 아미노산의 서열과 정확하게 일치하였다. 위 결과들로 미루어 사람의 난포액에 존재하는 MMP-2의 새로운 isoform인 GA110은 70-72kDa의 ProMMP-2가 disulfide bond를 통해 homodimer 구조를 이루고 있는 것으로 여겨진다.

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