Dynamic responses of a bridge retrofitted with cable restrainers are examined under seismic excitations. A simplified and idealized mechanical model is developed to analyze the effects of the restrainers, which can consider the plastic behavior as well as the fracture of the cable. Using the proposed model, the effects of the stiffness and the clearance length of the restrainer upon the global bridge seismic behaviors are estimated. The changes of pounding forces, shear forces, and bending moments due to the application of restrainers are also investigated. The main effect of restrainers upon global bridge motions is found to reduce the relative distances between adjacent vibrations units. It is also found that the relative distances are decreased as the clearance length of the restrainer decreases and the stiffness of restrainer increases.