Load Carrying Capacity due to Cracking Damage of Ellipsoidal Inhomogeneity in Infinite Body under Pure Shear and Its Elastic Stress Distributions

전단응력하의 무한체내 타원체불균질물의 균열손상에 따른 하중부하능력과 탄성응력분포

  • 조영태 (전주대학교 공학기술연구소) ;
  • 임광희 (우석대학교 자동차공학) ;
  • 고재용 (목포해양대학교 해양시스템공학) ;
  • 김홍건 (전주대학교 기계공학부)
  • Published : 2001.10.01


In particle or short-fiber reinforced composites, cracking of the reinforcements is a significant damage mode because the broken reinforcements lose load carrying capacity. This paper deals with elastic stress distributions and load carrying capacity of intact and cracked ellipsoidal inhomogeneities. Three dimensional finite element analysis has been carried out on intact and broken ellipsoidal inhomogeneities in an infinite body under pure shear. For the intact inhomogeneity, as well known as Eshelby(1957) solution, the stress distribution is uniform in the inhomogeneity and non-uniform in the surrounding matrix. On the other hand, for the broken inhomogeneity, the stress in the region near crack surface is considerably released and the stress distribution becomes more complex. The average stress in the inhomogeneity represents its load carrying capacity, and the difference of average stresses between the intact and broken inhomogeneities indicates the loss of load carrying capacity due to cracking damage. The load carrying capacity of the broken inhomogeneity is expressed in terms of the average stress of the intact inhomogeneity and some coefficients. It is found that the broken inhomogeneity with higher aspect ratio still maintains higher load carrying capacity.