Strength Prediction of Thick Composites with Fiber Waviness under Tensile/Compressive Load Using FEA

인장/압축 하중 하에서 FEA를 이용한 굴곡진 보강섬유를 가진 두꺼운 복합재료의 강도예측에 관한 연구

  • 류근수 (연세대학교 기계공학과) ;
  • 전흥재 (연세대학교 기계·전자 공학부)
  • Published : 2001.10.01

Abstract

Fiber waviness is one of manufacturing defects encountered frequently in thick composite structures. It affects significantly on the behavior as well as strength of thick composites. The effects of fiber waviness on tensile/compressive nonlinear elastic behavior and strength of thick composite with fiber waviness are studied theoretically and experimentally. FEA(Finite Element Analysis) models are proposed to predict tensile/compressive nonlinear behavior and strength of thick composites. In the FEA models, both material and geometric nonlinearities were incorporated into the model using energy density, iterative mapping and incremental method. Also Tsai-Wu criteria was adopted to predict the strength of thick composites with fiber waviness. Tensile and compressive tests were conducted on the specimens with uniform fiber waviness. It was observed that the degree of fiber waviness in composites significantly affected the nonlinear behavior and strength of the composites