Group technology(GT) is a manufacturing philosophy which identifies and exploits the similarity of parts and processes in design and manufacturing. A specific application of GT is cellular manufacturing. the first step in the preliminary stage of cellular manufacturing system design is cell formation, generally known as a machine-part cell formation(MPCF). This paper presents and tests a grouping gentic algorithm(GGA) for solving the MPCF problem and uses the measurements of e(ficacy. GGA's replacement heuristic used similarity coefficients is presented.