A Study on the Effectiveness of Port Investment: Congestion Model Approach
항만투자의 유효성 분석 - congestion모형 접근 -
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effectiveness of port investment which is one of the important elements for measuring the port efficiency by using congestion approach of DEA(Data Envelopment Analysis). Congestion is said to be present when increases in inputs result in ouput reductions. Congestion approach takes the forms of weak input disposability and strong input disposability. Empirical analysis by using congestion approach in this paper identified inefficiencies in the inputs including port investment, and indicated inefficient ports like the ports of Sokcho, Gunsan, Pohang, and Seoguipo which shows the large amount of slacks with congestion especially in terms of port investment. Therefore these ports should examine the reason about the inefficiency of port investment. The main policy implication based on the findings of this study is that The Ministry of Maritime Affairs & Fisheries in Korea should introduce congestion approach when the amount of port investment to each port is decided.