An Experimental Study on the Analyze the Pressure Difference in case of Fire in Vertical Space of High-Rise Buildings

고층건축물 수직공간의 화재 시 압력차 분석을 위한 실험적 연구

  • 허예림 (호서대학교 안전소방학부) ;
  • 김혜원 (호서대학교 소방방재학과) ;
  • 진승현 (호서대학교 소방방재학과) ;
  • 권영진 (호서대학교 소방방재학과)
  • Published : 2020.06.12


As buildings in South Korea become more skyscrapers, the risk of fire is also emerging. Thus, regulations, regulations, and guidelines are being improved to prevent the spread of smoke in the event of a fire in high-rise buildings, but research on smoke flow and pressure distribution in vertical spaces is insufficient. Therefore, in this study, the temperature of each floor in the vertical space according to the size of the fire is measured through the miniature model experiment, and the pressure difference is calculated to establish the basic data for the improvement of the performance of domestic air supply facilities in the future. Thus, a scale model of one-sixth the size of the actual building was produced to measure the temperature, and the pressure difference was derived by substituting the value for the expression. The pressure difference varies depending on the size of the cause of the fire, and it is believed that the differential pressure and conditions of the building should be taken into account before calculating the supply volume for the analysis of the pressure difference according to the size of the cause of the fire in the event of fire.