The formation of a charge transfer complex between various amines and organic halogen compounds was closely investigated. A mixture of amine (piperidine, pyridine, diethylamine, ethylamine, triethylamine and triethanolamine) and organic halides(carbon tetrachloride and chloroform) was checked for its UV absorption spectrum in presence of n-hexane solvent. A red shift was observed. The formation of charge transfer complex was observed in the case of triethylamine and diethylamine, whereas the formation of contact complex was distinct in case of piperidine. The relation between the nucleophilicity of amines and their tendency of forming charge transfer complex was discussed.
各種 아민과 할로겐化合物間의 Charge Transfer Complex 形成與否를 檢討하여 보았다. Pyridine Tridthylamine, Piperidine Ethanolamine Triethanolamine, Aniline, Diethylamine 等의 아민類와 四鹽化炭素 또는 클로로폼의 混合溶液을 n-Hexane 溶媒存在下에서 紫外線吸收 스펙트라를 檢査한 結果 장파장쪽의 Shift가 있었으며 特히 Diethylamine과 Triethylamine은 클로로폼 또는 四鹽化炭素와 1:1 Charge Transfer Complex를 形成하였고, Piperidine은 接觸的 Complex를 形成하는 것이 確認되었다. Complex의 形成경향과 아민의 Nucleophilicity와의 關係를 論議하였다.