A Study on the Visible Injury of some Herbaceous Plants by $SO_2$ gas

수종(數種) 초본류(草本類)의 $SO_2$ 가스에 의한 가시피해특징(可視被害特徵)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究)

  • Kim, Jeong-Gyu (Korea National Institute of Environmental Research) ;
  • Lim, Soo-Kil (DePt. of Agricultural Chemistry, College of Agriculture, Korea University) ;
  • Kim, Jae-Bong (Korea National Institute of Environmental Research)
  • Published : 1988.06.30

Abstract

$SO_2$ gas injuries for 19 varieties of 10 species of plants were investigated within a environmentally controlled growth chamber. Visible injuries were observed when exposing the plants either 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.7 or 1.5ppm of $SO_2$ gas for 5 days from 9 : 00 to 17 : 00 everyday. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Light brown spots were shown on Raphanus sativus(Chunchu, Taeback, Jinjudaepyung), Brassica campestris(Manchun, Josaengmiho, Seoul, Jeonseung), and Capsicum annum(Searona, Hongsanho, Hongilpum); brown spots on Sesamum indicum(Pungnyun, Kwangsan); reddish brown shades on Cleosia cristata; and black brown spots on Perilla frutescens, Calendula officinalis, Chrysanthemum morifolium, and Salvia splendens, respectively. 2. The spotty injuries induced by $SO_2$ gas injuries for 19 varieties of 10 species of plants were investigated within a environmentally controlled growth chamber. Visible injuries were observed when exposing the plants either 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.7 or 1.5ppm of $SO_2$ gas for 5 days from 9 : 00 to 17 : 00 everyday. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Light brown spots were shown on Raphanus sativus(Chunchu, Taeback, Jinjudaepyung), Brassica campestris(Manchun, Josaengmiho, Seoul, Jeonseung), and Capsicum annum(Searona, Hongsanho, Hongilpum); brown spots on Sesamum indicum(Pungnyun, Kwangsan); reddish brown shades on Cleosia cristata; and black brown spots on Perilla frutescens, Calendula officinalis, Chrysanthemum morifolium, and Salvia splendens, respectively. 2. The spotty injuries induced by SO₂ gas on Raphanus sativus, Callistephus chinensis, Capsicum annum, Perilla frutescens, Calendula officinalis, Salvia splendens, and Sesamum indicum; the many small spots on Chrysanthemum morifolium; and the brown shade on Celosia cristata appeared on the upper surface of the intervein, on the leaf apex area and on the entire upper surface of leaves, respectively. 3. Visual injuries of Capsicum annum(Chunchu), Perilla frutescens, Sesamum indicum(Pungnyun, Kwangsan), and Salvia splendens were developed at 0.4ppm of SO₂ gas fumigation. Brassica campestris(Jeonseung), Capsicum annum(Searona, Hongilpum), and Cleosia cristata, however, showed the injury at 1.5ppm of $SO_2$ gas concentration. 4. Based on the tolerance grade(time when the 1st injury appeared), Raphanus sativus, Perilla frutescens, Sesamum indicum, and Salvia splendens were the most sensitive plants and Chrysanthemum morifolium, Callistephus chinensis, Cleosia cristata, and Calendula officinalis were the plants most tolerant of $SO_2$ gas. gas on Raphanus sativus, Callistephus chinensis, Capsicum annum, Perilla frutescens, Calendula officinalis, Salvia splendens, and Sesamum indicum; the many small spots on Chrysanthemum morifolium; and the brown shade on Celosia cristata appeared on the upper surface of the intervein, on the leaf apex area and on the entire upper surface of leaves, respectively. 3. Visual injuries of Capsicum annum(Chunchu), Perilla frutescens, Sesamum indicum(Pungnyun, Kwangsan), and Salvia splendens were developed at 0.4ppm of $SO_2$ gas injuries for 19 varieties of 10 species of plants were investigated within a environmentally controlled growth chamber. Visible injuries were observed when exposing the plants either 0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.7 or 1.5ppm of $SO_2$ gas for 5 days from 9 : 00 to 17 : 00 everyday. The results obtained were as follows: 1. Light brown spots were shown on Raphanus sativus(Chunchu, Taeback, Jinjudaepyung), Brassica campestris(Manchun, Josaengmiho, Seoul, Jeonseung), and Capsicum annum(Searona, Hongsanho, Hongilpum); brown spots on Sesamum indicum(Pungnyun, Kwangsan); reddish brown shades on Cleosia cristata; and black brown spots on Perilla frutescens, Calendula officinalis, Chrysanthemum morifolium, and Salvia splendens, respectively. 2. The spotty injuries induced by SO₂ gas on Raphanus sativus, Callistephus chinensis, Capsicum annum, Perilla frutescens, Calendula officinalis, Salvia splendens, and Sesamum indicum; the many small spots on Chrysanthemum morifolium; and the brown shade on Celosia cristata appeared on the upper surface of the intervein, on the leaf apex area and on the entire upper surface of leaves, respectively. 3. Visual injuries of Capsicum annum(Chunchu), Perilla frutescens, Sesamum indicum(Pungnyun, Kwangsan), and Salvia splendens were developed at 0.4ppm of SO₂ gas fumigation. Brassica campestris(Jeonseung), Capsicum annum(Searona, Hongilpum), and Cleosia cristata, however, showed the injury at 1.5ppm of $SO_2$ gas concentration. 4. Based on the tolerance grade(time when the 1st injury appeared), Raphanus sativus, Perilla frutescens, Sesamum indicum, and Salvia splendens were the most sensitive plants and Chrysanthemum morifolium, Callistephus chinensis, Cleosia cristata, and Calendula officinalis were the plants most tolerant of $SO_2$ gas. gas fumigation. Brassica campestris(Jeonseung), Capsicum annum(Searona, Hongilpum), and Cleosia cristata, however, showed the injury at 1.5ppm of $SO_2$ gas concentration. 4. Based on the tolerance grade(time when the 1st injury appeared), Raphanus sativus, Perilla frutescens, Sesamum indicum, and Salvia splendens were the most sensitive plants and Chrysanthemum morifolium, Callistephus chinensis, Cleosia cristata, and Calendula officinalis were the plants most tolerant of $SO_2$ gas.

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