Characteristics of Light Harvesting Chlorophyll-Protein Complex and Singlet Oxygen ($^1O_2$) Quenching in Leaf-burning Disease from Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer

인삼 Light Harvesting Chlorophyll Protein의 특성 및 엽소병에서 Singlet Oxygen($^1O_2$) Quenching

  • 양덕조 (충북대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과) ;
  • 이성택 (충북대학교 자연과학대학 생물학과, 한국과학기술대학, 연세대학교 이과대학 생물학과)
  • Published : 1989.12.01

Abstract

In order to determine the relationships between the lea(-burning disease and the light harvesting chlorophyll-protein (LHCP) complex in Panax ginseng C. A. Meyer, we investigated the chlorophyll-protein (CP) complex of the thylakoid membrane and its characteristics. In P. ginseng four Cp-complex bands determined by non-denaturing SDS-PAGE were identified CP I'(containing reaction center of photosystem I and LHCP I antennae), CP I (reaction center of photosystem I) LHCP II** (oligoform of LHCP II), and LHCP II (photosystem II antennae, CP 26 and CP 29) by Bassis and Dunahay's procedures. Under our experimental condition, the CP I band was only observed in P. ginseng and the band intensity of LHCP II** in P ginseng was higher than in spinach and soybean. There were differences in the absorption and fluorescence spectra and chlorophyll a/b ratio of the CP-complex bands between P. ginseng and other Plants. The Polypeptidr content of P. ginseng thylakoid was lower than in spinach and soybean thylakoid, and the Polypeptide profiles of P. ginseng was low band intensity, especially about 29-35 kD, 55 kD, and 60 kD, compared to spinach and soybean. The inhibitory effects of 2,5-dimethylfuran, specific singlet oxygen ($^1O_2$) quencher, showed that singlet oxygen destroyed 60% of chl.a, 90% of chl.b and 70% of carotenoid in bleaching P. ginseng with leaf-burning disease.