Analysis of Essential Oils from Elscholtzia ciliata and the Production of Essential Oils by Tissue Culture

향유의 정유 분석 및 조직배양

  • Chi, Hyung-Joon (Natural Products Research Institute, Seoul National University) ;
  • Shin, Soon-Hee (College of Pharmacy, Duksung Women's University) ;
  • Chang, Jung-In (College of Pharmacy, Duksung Women's University)
  • 지형준 (서울대학교 천연물과학연구소) ;
  • 신순희 (덕성여자대학교 약학대학) ;
  • 장정인 (덕성여자대학교 약학대학)
  • Published : 1992.06.30

Abstract

The essential oils of Elscholtzia ciliata and the cultivated tissue have been studied. The composition and contents of essential oils were identified by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. The main component of essential oils of E. ciliata was naginata ketone. The essential oils from the flowers, leaves and stems of E. ciliata showed similar patterns of gas chromatogram. In experimental studies on the tissue culture of callus, it has been found that NAA induced higher growth rate and higher content of essential oils than 2, 4-D. The essential oils from the cultivated callus showed different composition from that of mother plants.