Gelatinization Behaviours and Gel Properties of Hydroxypropylated and Cross-linked Corn Starches

하이드록시프로필화 및 가교화 시킨 옥수수 전분의 호화 및 겔 특성

  • Published : 1992.01.01

Abstract

Gelatinization behaviour and gel properties of corn starch modified either by hydroxypropylation only or by cross-linking and hydroxypropylation were investigated. Gelatinization temperature of corn starch decreased greatly by hydroxypropylation, but increased slightly by cross-linking with epichlorohydrin. The treatment of both hydroxypropylation and cross-linking lowered the gelatinization temperature, although it was not significantly different from that of hydroxypropylated corn starch. The swelling power of the corn starch was reduced and gel strength was increased by both modifications. The results suggested that the gelatinization behaviour and gel properties of corn starch could be improved by both cross-linking and hydroxypropylation.

옥수수 전분을 하이드록시프로필화 및 가교화시켜 변성 전분을 제조한 후 DSC, Amylograph 등을 이용하여 호화특성을 연구하고 호화액의 gel 특성을 조사하였다. 하이드록시프로필화에 의하여 옥수수 전분의 호화온도는 크게 떨어졌으며 가교화만을 시킨 전분은 호화온도가 약간 상승하였으며 호화엔탈피는 약간 감소하였다. 하이드록시프로필화와 가교화를 동시에 시켰을 때는 호화온도가 크게 떨어져 하이드록시프로필화만 시킨 것보다는 약간 높았으나 팽윤이 억제되었고 gel 조직강도는 증가하였다.