Effects of iso-Butanol on Photosynthetic Electron Transport Activity in Isolated Spinach Chloroplasts

시금치(Spinacia oleracea L.) 엽록체의 광합성 전자전달 활성에 미치는 iso-Butanol의 영향

  • 박강은 (경북대학교 사범대학 생물교육과)
  • Published : 1992.09.01

Abstract

The effect of iso-butanol on the electron transport rate of PS I and PS II was investigated in isolated spinach chloroplasts. In photosystem I, the rate of electron transport increased in the presence of 1 to 4% of isobutanol but decreased in 5 to 9% of iso-butanol. But in photosystem II, the rate of electron transport decreased when treated with 0.2 to 1% of iso-butanol. The inhibitory effect of isomers of butanol on PS II electron transport rate increased in the order of 2-butanol, tert-butanol, iso-butanol and I-butanol. This means that PS II activity was affected according to the arrangement of carbon atoms in butanol. The inhibitory effect of iso-butanol reduced when DPC was added in the solution. This means that iso-butanol affects PS II reduction side of thylakoid membrane primarily. The inhibitory effect of iso-butanol was reduced when $Mn^{2+},\;C^{2+}$ or BSA were added in the solution. PS II activity was restored when 1% iso-butanol treated chloroplast solution was diluted to twentyfold or when $Mn^{2+},\;C^{2+}$ or BSA was added to the diluted solution. However, the SDS-PAGE banding pattern of thylakoid membrane proteins was similar even in 2% iso-butanol treated chloroplasts and the control ones. Only in 5% iso-butanol treated chloroplasts these bands were very weak. These observations suggest that low concentrations of iso-butanol releases manganese and calcium ions from chloroplasts and inhibits the electron transport system. This inhibitory effect can be reversible in low concenterations but in high concentrations the inhibitory effect of iso-butanol become irreversible.rsible.

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