Effect of Menhaden Oil Feeding on Protein Kinase C Activity and Membrane Phospholipid Profiles in Mouse Epidermal Cells

지방질원으로서 어유가 백서 상피세포의 인지질 조성 및 Protein Kinase C 활성에 미치는 영향

  • Choe, Myeon (Department of Animal products Science, College of Animal Agriculture, Kangweon National University)
  • 최면 (강원대학교 축산대학 축산가공학과)
  • Published : 1994.06.01


To investigate the effect of dietary menhaden oil on protein kinase C (PKC) activity and membrane phospholipid composition in epidermal cells, female BALB/C mice were fed either menhaden oil or corn oil with two different levels(5% or 20%) for 6 weeks. Membrane phosphatidycholine(PC) was decreased in menhaden oil-fed group. Eicosapentaenoic acid(EPA) and Docosahexaenoic acid(DHA) were only presented in the acyl chain of membrane phospholipid of menhaden oil-fed mice, so that membrane fluidity of the group could be different from the other group. Both cytosolic and membrane-associated PKC activity in epidermal cells were decreased in menhaden oil-fed mice when compare with corn oil-fed mice. Furthermore, rate of PKC transfer from cytosol to membrane in menhaden oil-fed group was not as fast as in corn oil-fed group. Based on these observations, dietary menhaden oil might act differently from other dietary fat in carcinogenesis.