A Literature Review on Balance Control Factors

균형조절 요인에 관한 고찰

  • Lee, Han-Suk (Department of Physical Therapy, Teajon Seogu Health center) ;
  • Choi, Houng-Sik (Department of Rehabilitation Therapy, Hanseo University) ;
  • Kwon, Oh-Yun (Department of Rehabilitation Therapy, Hanseo University)
  • 이한숙 (대전 서구보건소내 장애아동재활지원센타) ;
  • 최홍식 (한서대학교 재활치료학과) ;
  • 권오윤 (한서대학교 재활치료학과)
  • Published : 1996.11.29


Normal balance is defined as state in which the body is equlilibrium. It is complex motor control task, requring integration of sensory information, neural processing, and biomechanical factors. There are major two factors contribute to balance control, the neurological and the musculoskeletal. The neurological factor provides the sensory processing and motor output mechanisms that are the neurophysiological basis for response. The musculoskeletal factor provides the mechanical structure for response. When all components of two factors are operating effectively, the postural response should be appropriate and effective for good balance control. Therfore, balance can be influenced by above all factors. In addition, balance can be also influenced by muscle tone, hearing, physiological factors, and environmental factors. Physical therapists must understand factors of balance control so that we can accurately assess balance. Therefore, physical therapists have to develop useful balance measurement tools to evaluate balance.