Overexpression and Periplasmic Transport of 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate 3-Phosphate Synthase in E. coli

대장균에서 5-Enolpyruvylshikimate 3-Phosphate Synthase의 대량 발현 및 Periplasmic Space로의 Transport

  • 김남일 (충북대학교 자연과학대학 생명과학부) ;
  • 임재윤 (충북대학교 자연과학대학 생명과학부) ;
  • 조태주 (충북대학교 자연과학대학 생명과학부)
  • Published : 1997.03.01

Abstract

5-Enolpyruvylshikimate 3-phosphate(EPSP) synthase is the sixth enzyme of the shikimate pathway that synthesizes aromatic amino acids. The enzyme is a primary target for the glyphos'lte which is a broad-spectrum and environmetally safe herbicide. As a first step toward development of glyphpsate-resistant EPSP synthase, the EPSP synthase gene(aroA) was amplified by polymerase chain reaction and cluned into pET-25b vector. In this construct. designated pET-aro, the aroA gene is expressed under control of strong T7 promoter. and the EPSP synthase is produced as a fusion protein with pelB leader at N-terminus and HSV-tag and His-tag at C-terminus. When the pET-aro clone was induced to produce the enzyme, it was found that the EPSP synthase was successfully exported to peri plasmic space. The periplasmic transport was greatly dependent on the induction temperatures. Among the induction temperatures examined($25^{\circ}C$, $30^{\circ}C$, $34^{\circ}C$ and $37^{\circ}C$). induction at $34^{\circ}C$ gave rise to maximal periplasmic transport. The recomhinant EPSP synthase could have been purified hy $Ni^{2+}$ -affinity chromatography using the His-tag. and detected hy anti-HSV -tag antibody. The recombinant EPSP synthase also hound to phosphocellulose resin and was eluted hy shikimate 3-phosphate and phosphoenolpyruvate. as expected. The recombinant EPSP synthase purified from phosphocellulose resin showed typical EPSP synthase activity.

5-Enolpyruvylshikimate 3-phosphate(EPSP) synthase는 방향족 아미노산을 생합성하는 shikimate phathway의 6번째 효소로 광범위 제초제인 glyphosate의 target enzyme이다. 본 연구에서는, glyphosate에 저해를 받지 않는 EPSP synthase를 개발하고자 하는 연구의 한 단계로서, 우선, EPSP synthase를 대량 발현시킬수 있는 expression vector인 pET-25b를 사용하여 발현시킨 다음, 발현된 효소가 periplasmic space로 transport되는지 또 발현된 단백질이 효소 활성을 가지고 있는지 확인하고자 하였다. 그 결과, pelB leader를 앞에 붙여 발현시킨 EPSP synthase는 periplasmic space로 제대로 transport되며, 단백질 생산 및 periplasmic space로의 수송은 induction 온도에 의해 크게 좌우된다는 것을 관찰하였다. Periplasmic space로 수송되는 EPSP synthase의 양은 $34^{\circ}C$에서 induction시켰을 때 가장 많은 것으로 나타났다. 한편, pET-25b를 이용하여 발현시킨 EPSP synthase는 C-terminal 부위에 HSV-tag, His-tag등 26개 아미노산이 더 있는 상태로 만들어지는데, His-tag은 $Ni^{2+}$-affinity chromatography를 통한 정제에, HSV-tag은 Western blotting을 통한 detection에 각각 이용할 수 있다. 또한, 이와 같이 발현된 recombinant EPSP synthase는 phosphocellulose resin에 결합하였다가 기질인 shikimate 3-phosphate와 phosphoenolpyruvate에 의해 elution되며, glyphosate에 의해 저해되는등 wildtype효소와 같은 효소 특성을 보였다.

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