Patterns of Vitamin-Mineral Supplement Usage by the Elderly in Korea

노년기의 비타민.무기질 보충제 복용 실태 조사

  • 송병춘 (건국대학교 자연과학대학 가정관리학과)
  • Published : 1997.03.01

Abstract

Use of the viamin-mineral supplements markedly increased with the awareness of diet and health. Data were collected from the self-administered questionnaire of 450 free living elderly, 60 to 94 years old, in Korea, to assess the relationships between socioeconomic variables, beliefs about nutrition, and the factors affecting gupplements usage. In addition, vitamin-mineral intakes through the supplements were calculated, and compared with RDA. 44.9% of the subjects took the vitamin-mineral supplements, and significantly higher percentage of women(49.3%) than men(38.1%) took supplements(p<0.05). The higher the education level, monthly pocket money, the percentage of supplements consumption was higher. People living in large cities took more supplements than those in small cities. One of the mainly cited reasons for taking supplements was to maintain health. The most favored nutrient supplements used by the subjects were in the order of vitamin B complex, vitamin E and Calcium, and vitamin-mineral intake through the supplements were much greater than RDA and ranges of their intakes were very wide. Vitamin B1 and vitamin E were observed to consume excessive amount(63 times of RDA and 40 times of RDA, respectively). The reasons for supplementation were often inappropriate and unreliable sources of information were used. Thus nutritional understanding and education of the elderly peopled are needed in regard to the use of vitamin-mineral supplements, and the relationship between adequate diet and good health.

References

  1. J Am Diet Assoc v.80 Food supplement usage by the elderly Read MH;Graney AS
  2. Present Knowledge in nutrition, 6th ed. International life science Institute Nutrition Foundation
  3. Nutrition Today v.28 no.6 Standards setting for nutritional supplements-A New approach- Srinivasan V;Valentino JG;Corken A;Halperin JA
  4. J Am Med Assoc Nutrition and the new health awareness Whites PL;Selvey N
  5. J Am Diet Assoc v.87 no.8 Food supplement and fortified foods : scientific evaluations in regard to toxicology and nutrient bioavailability Greger JL
  6. 한국영양학회지 v.25 no.3 영양보충제 복용에 영향을 미치는 인자에 관한 연구 김미경;최보율;이상선
  7. 한국영양학회지 v.27 no.3 중년기의 비타민 · 무기질 보충제 복용 실태 조사 김선효
  8. J Am Diet Assoc v.90 no.5 The relationships between belief about nutrition and dietary practices of the elderly McIntosh WA;Kubena KS;Walker J;Smith D;Landmann W
  9. J Am Diet Assoc v.86 no.11 dietary supplement and food intake in Women of childbearing age Kurinij N;Klebanoff MA;Graubard BL
  10. J Am Diet Assoc v.77 Patterns of vitamin usage in a sample of unniversity students Bootman JL;Wertheimer AL
  11. J Nutr Edu v.15 no.2 Dietary Supplements and health aid : A critical evaluation Part 1 : Vitamin and Minerals Dubick MA;Rucker RB
  12. Nutr Res v.8 Factors influencing the use of nutritional supplements by college student with varying levels of physical activity Sehulz LO
  13. J Nutr Edu v.20 Vitamin/Mineral supplement use among adolescents Sobal J;Muncie HL
  14. J Am Diet Assoc v.84 no.7 Supplementation patterns of Washington state dietitians Robert BW;Breskin M
  15. J Am Diet Assoc v.87 no.7 Vitamin-Mineral supplement use : Associator with dietary intake and iron status of adults Looker A;Sempoc CT;Johnson C;Yetley EZ
  16. Am J Clin Nutr v.36 Nutritional status in healthy elderly population : Dietary and supplemental intake Garry PL;Goodwin JS;Hunt WC;Hooper EM;Leonard AG
  17. J Am Diet Assoc v.86 Vitamin supplement use in a southern califonia retirement community Gray GE;Paganini Hill A;Ross PK;Henderson BE
  18. Nutrition, Aging and Health Young EA
  19. Nutrition throughout the life cycle Willians SR;Worthington W
  20. 1990년 인구 주택 총 조사 속보 : 2% 표본 추출 집계 결과 통계청
  21. 약업신문 Korean Drug Index
  22. The Merk Index : An Encycolpedia of Chemicals, Drugs, and Biologicals, 11th ed. Budavari S;O'Neil MJ;Smith A;Heckelman PE
  23. SPSS, 2nd ed. Nie NH;Hadlaihull C;Jenkins J;Steinbrenner K;Bent DH
  24. SPSS 통계패키지 박성현
  25. 한국인 영양권장량, 제 6차 개정 한국영양학회
  26. Recommended Dietary Allowoance fo USA, 10th ed. Food and Nutrition Board
  27. Am J Clin Nutr v.38 Dietary intake and nutrition supplement use in a southern california retirement community Gray GE;Paganini Hill A;Ross Rk
  28. Perspective in nutrition, 3ed. Wardlaw
  29. J Am Diet Assoc v.86 Nutritional states of children and teenagers in relation to vitamin and mineral use Bowering J;Clancy KL