식육의 종류 및 부위에 따른 지방산 조성에 관한 연구

Studies on Fatty Acids Composition of Different Portions in Various Meat

  • 신기간 (롯데그룹중앙연구소) ;
  • 박형일 (롯데그룹중앙연구소) ;
  • 이성기 (강원대학교 축산가공학과) ;
  • 김천제 (건국대학교 축산대학 동물생명공학부)
  • 발행 : 1998.09.01

초록

In beef, the composition of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids(UFA) were 41.1% and 56.7%, respectively. The rates of saturated fatty acid (SFA) was 36.3, 40.9, 39.2 and 48.1% in loin, picnic shoulder, ham and rib, respectively. However, UFA showed 62.3, 58.4, 56.8, 50.9% in loin, picnic shoulder, ham and rib, respectively. The rates of monounsaturated fatty acid (MUFA) were similar to those of unsaturated fatty acid in four portions. The content of SFA, UFA and polyunsaturated fatty acid(PUFA) were 40, 59 and 9.4%, respectively, in pork. In portional comparison, composition of unsaturated fatty acids in picnic shoulder, ham rib and loin were 64.2, 60.4, 54.6 and 55.3%, respectively. The UFA contents of rib and loin were lower than picnic shoulder and ham, but SFA levels were higher. Total UFA content of chicken was 62.9% showing higher level than other species, but low when compared to that of duck meat. SFA content resulted in lower level than other portions. In the skin of chicken, MUFA content was especially high showing no significant changes in UFA contents. Duck meat showed lower SFA content, but higher content in UFA compared to those of other species. Skin and thigh contained 31.8 and 31.5%, respectively, in SFA, which are lower level than those of breast and thigh meat. The UFA contents of skin and thigh were 67.4 and 67.7%, respectively, which are relatively high compared to those of other portions. Meanwhile, the ratio of UFA was not high in canis meat compared to other meat. PUFA was, however, 24.2% showed significantly different from other meats. The contents of SFA were 35.4% and 35.9%, respectively, in picnic shoulder and ham. They showed lower SFA but higher UFA content than those of rib and loin. In contrast, the ratio of picnic shoulder and ham were 61.6 and 61.4%, respectively. Interestingly, picnic shoulder showed higher UFA content, especially in arachidonic acid level than other portions.