A Clinical Study of Facial Paralysis

안명신경 손상 환자의 임상적 고찰

  • Huh, Choon-Bok (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Dong San Medical Center) ;
  • Suh, Tae-Soo (Dept. of Physical Therapy, Tae-gu Health Junior College)
  • 허춘복 (동산의료원 물리치료실) ;
  • 서태수 (대구보건대학 물리치료과)
  • Published : 1998.09.30


Facial nerve is subject to injury at any point in the course from the cerebral cortex to the motor end plate in the face, so many etiologic varieties of facial paralysis may be encountered, including trauma, viral infection and the idiopathic. Authors have studied 39 cases of facial paralysis which had experienced of treatment in our department from March, 1996 to March, 1997 at Dong San Medical Center. The results obtained are as follows : 1) The highest age incidence showed 10 cases(24.6%) in 3rd decade 2) Among the total of 39 cases, male were 21 cases(53.8%) and female were 18cases(46.2%). 3) At the involved side, left side were 19 cases(48.7%) and right side were 18 cases(46.2%). 4) The causes of facial paralysis were; idiopathic (Bell's palsy) in 19 cases(48.7%) infectious in 6 cases(15.4%) neoplastic in 6 cases(15.4%) traumatic in 5 cases(12.9%) metabolic in 2 cases(5.1%) congenital in 1 cases(2.6%) 5) In time interval between onset of symptom and treated initial date, 26 cases(66.7%) in below 10 days and 8 cases(20.5%) in 11-20 days 6) Correlation of recovery rate according to the treated duration did not differ significantly 7)Result after treatment were satisfactory

저자들은 1996년 3월부터 1997년 3월까지 계명대학교 동산의료원 물리치료실에서 치료를 받은환자 중 안면신경 마비 증세를 나타낸 39례에 대하여 임상적인 고찰을 시행하여 다음과 같은 결과를 얻었다. 1) 연령별로는 30대에서 10례(24.6%)로 가장 많았다. 2) 성별로는 남자 21례(53.8%), 여자 18례(46.2%)였다. 3) 발생부위는 우측 19례(48.7%), 좌측 18례(46.2%)였다. 4) 발생원인별로는 원인불명(Bell's palsy) 19례(48 7%), 염증, 종양 각 6례(15.4%), 외상성 5례(12.9%), 대사성 2례(5.1%), 선천성 1례(2.6%)였다. 5) 병변의 발생에서 최초 치료일까지의 기간은 10일 이내가 26례(66.7%), 11-20일은 8례 (20.5% )였다. 6) 치료기간은 평균 25.21이며, 치료기간과 회복율의 상관관계는 통계학적 유의성은 없었다. 7) 치료 후 치료결과는 상당히 좋은 것으로 나타났다.