Microbial Communities of Activated Sludge in an Anaerobic/Aerobic Sequencing Batch Reactor using Slot Hybridization

Slot Hybridization을 이용한 연속 회분식 반응기내 미생물 분포 조사

  • Jeon, Che Ok (School of Environmental Engineering, Pohang University of Science & Technology) ;
  • Shin, Kum-Joo (School of Environmental Engineering, Pohang University of Science & Technology) ;
  • Lee, Dae Sung (School of Environmental Engineering, Pohang University of Science & Technology) ;
  • Suh, Pann-Ghill (School of Environmental Engineering, Pohang University of Science & Technology) ;
  • Park, Jong Moon (School of Environmental Engineering, Pohang University of Science & Technology)
  • 전체옥 (포항공과대학교 환경공학부) ;
  • 신금주 (포항공과대학교 환경공학부) ;
  • 이대성 (포항공과대학교 환경공학부) ;
  • 서판길 (포항공과대학교 환경공학부) ;
  • 박종문 (포항공과대학교 환경공학부)
  • Received : 1999.12.10
  • Accepted : 2000.03.08
  • Published : 2000.05.31

Abstract

Enhanced biological phosphorus removal (EBPR) was performed in an anaerobic/aerobic sequencing batch reactor (SBR). Influent was a synthetic wastewater based on acetate as a carbon source. The sludge age and hydraulic retention time were kept at 10 days and 16 hrs, respectively, Phosphate release during the anaerobic period and phosphate uptake in aerobic period were increased gradually with time. and after about 200 days, steady-state operation could be achieved with complete removal of influent phosphate. Number distribution of microbial community in the sludge performing EBPR was investigated during the steady state operation. 17 rRNA targeted oligonucleotide probes were designed and slot hybridization technique was used to determine the number distribution of each microorganism. In the acetate fed SBR, rRNA belonging to the beta subclass of proteobacteria was the most dominant in total rRNA and rRNA matching to CTE probe was the second, rRNAs of Acinetobacter, Aeromonas and Pseudomonas, which are usually thought as phosphorus accumulating organisms in EBPR processes, constituted less than 10% of total rRNA. From this community analysis, it was inferred that microorganisms belong to the beta subclass of proteobacteia (BET) and CTE such as Rhodocyclus group were important in biological phosphorus removal. Therefore, the role of Acinetobacter, Aeromonas and Pseudomonas in the EBPR might have been overestimated.

연속 회분식 반응기를 이용하여 생물학적 인 제거에 관한 미생물 분포 연구를 수행하였다. 탄소원으로 초산을 넣은 합성 폐수를 사용하였고 미생물 체류 시간과 수리학적 체류 시간은 각각 10일과 16시간으로 유지하였다. 인 방출과 흡수가 운전 시간이 경과됨에 따라 점점 빠르게 일어났으며 약 200일 경과 후 안정적인 인 제거가 유지되었다. 안정적인 생물학적 인 제거가 유지될 때의 미생물 분포를 조사하기 위하여 17개의 ribosomal RNA (rRNA) signature probe를 합성하여 슬러지로부터 분리한 전체 rRNA에 대하여 slot hybridization을 실시하였다. 분리한 전체 RNA에는 proteobacteria의 베타군 (beta subclass)에 속하는 rRNA가 가장 많이 함유되어 있음을 확인하였고 CTE probe와 관계된 rRNA가 다음으로 많이 분포하였다. 전통적으로 생물학적 인 제거를 담당하는 미생물로 여겨져 왔던 Acinetobacter, Aeromonas, Pseudomonas의 rRNA는 10% 미만으로 존재하고 있음이 확인되었다. 이러한 결과로부터 Rhodocyclus 그룹같은 proteobacteria의 베타군과 CTE에 속하는 미생물이 인 제거에 중요한 역할을 수행할 것으로 생각되었고 Acinetobacter, Aeromonas, Pseudomonas 등은 생물학적 인 제거에 있어서 과평가된 것으로 판단되었다.

Keywords

Acknowledgement

Supported by : 한국학술진흥재단