Evaluation of Operational Rules for Container Terminals Using Simulation Techniques

시뮬레이션 기법을 이용한 컨테이너터미널 운영규칙의 평가

  • 장성용 (서울산업대학교 산업정보시스템공학과) ;
  • 이원영 (서울산업대학교 산업정보시스템공학과)
  • Published : 2002.06.01


This paper deals with the development of a simulation model for the container terminal, which consists of 3 berths, 8 container cranes, and 16 yard blocks with each yard crane and 90 yard trucks in order to evaluate the various operational rules. The proposed operational rules are 3 ship-dispatching rules, 3 berth allocation rules, 2 crane allocation rules, 2 yard allocation rules, and 2 yard truck allocation rules. These rules are simulated using 4 performance measures, such as ship time in the terminal, ship time in the port, the number of ships processed, and the number of containers handled. The simulation result is as follows: 1) there is no difference among 3 ship-dispatching rules, 2) berth allocation rules depend on performance measures, 3) dynamic crane allocation is better than fixed policy, 4) pooling yard allocation is better than short distance yard allocation rules, and 5) fixed yard truck allocation by berth is a little better than pooling policy.