The Relationship Between Body Composition and Bone Mineral Density in Postmenopausal Women

폐경 후 여성에서 체성분과 골밀도와의 관계

  • Chae, Jin-Wook (Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Kim, Il-Hoe (Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Kwon, Woo-Sung (Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Lee, Keun-Mi (Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Jung, Seung-Pil (Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Yeungnam University) ;
  • Moon, Yong (Department of Public Health Administration, Nam Seoul University)
  • 채진욱 (영남대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실) ;
  • 김일회 (영남대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실) ;
  • 권우성 (영남대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실) ;
  • 이근미 (영남대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실) ;
  • 정승필 (영남대학교 의과대학 가정의학교실) ;
  • 문용 (남서울대학교 보건행정학과)
  • Published : 2003.06.30

Abstract

Background: Body weight is an important factor that influence the bone density in postmenopausal women except estrogen dificiency. However, different results are reported about the relationship between body composition and bone density in the postmenopausal women. We have studied the relationship between age, body weight, body mass index (BMI), waist hip ratio (WHR), muscle mass, fat mass, fat free mass and bone density. Materials and Methods: We have studied 127 persons of postmenopausal women who visited university medical center and examined the inbody 3.0 and Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) from Jan, 2001 to Jun, 2002. they didn't have any disease and didn't received hormone therapy, osteoporosis therapy or other medication that influence the bone density. Results: The numbers of study subjects is total 127 persons. Mean age is $56.9{\pm}5.14$, mean weight is $59.3{\pm}8.7kg$, mean BMI is $25.37{\pm}3.16(kg/m^2)$, mean fat mass is $20.02{\pm}5.05kg$, mean muscle mass is $37.49{\pm}4.50kg$, mean fat free mass is $39.80{\pm}4.70$, mean BMD is $0.828{\pm}0.148(g/cm^2$). In the result of linear regression analysis, age, height, weight, muscle mass, fat free mass, fat mass, BMI are significant determinants of BMD. In stepwise multiple regression analysis, age is the most significant determinant of BMD and besides age, fat free mass is the most significant determinant of BMD among body composition. Conclusion: In postmenopausal women, age, height, weight, BMI, muscle mass, fat free mass, fat mass are significant determinants of BMD and besides age, fat free mass is the most significant determinant of BMD among the body composition. So, diet and exercise that increase fat free mass will contribute to bone density increment.